The History of England

By David Crowther

On Going since Dec 2010 • Updated weekly

A weekly podcast on the History of England from the arrival of the house of Wessex with Cerdic in 516 to probably about 1901

All Episodes

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 12 Dec 2015

In 1459 the trigger point was finally reached; after a year of phony war, both sides preparing for war, the call for a great council in 1459 proving the trigger point. By the end of 1459 the fortune of one of the two sides would lie in ruins.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 05 Dec 2015

In 1455 it briefly looked as though York had won; but in fact it solved nothing - the king remained the centre of power, and the king was weak. By 1457, he had lost his status as Protector, and the Queen was effectively the new ruler of England.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 28 Nov 2015

In 1455, the quality and nature of the arguments and disputes about the king's fitness to reign and the need to reform the way England was governed changed very significantly. At St Albans, blood was spilled.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 31 Oct 2015

In 1452 and 1453 Henry enjoyed a brief spell where he was on top of his job after the events at Dartford. But fate had something in mind.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 17 Oct 2015

How did previous generations view the Wars of the Roses? What are the interpretations of the Wars of the Roses now? This, and an introduction to some key families, are what this week is all about.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 30 Sep 2015

It's still 1450. Because it was something of an eventful year. Richard of York, sat in Ireland, was worried - his name had been bandied about by Jack Cade and his rebels. See what happens.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 12 Sep 2015

1450 was an eventful year. The fall of Suffolk, and now Kent was once again in flames, just as it had been in 1381. This time the leader that emerged was one Jack Cade.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 16 Aug 2015

By 1445, William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk was clearly Henry's most trusted adviser. He faced a difficult task - to steer a bankrupt nation into the harbor of peace. Avoiding the ship of France trying to sink her on the way in. Would they make it?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 09 Aug 2015

Through the late 1430's and early 1440's the situation in Normandy got no better, Alice Chaucer until a failed expedition convinced Henry and Suffolk that peace was required at any price. And the result was the Treaty of Tour and a royal marriage.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 02 Aug 2015

In December 1431, Henry VIth became the only king of England crowned king of France in France. Which sounds great. But in fact it was a sign of English weakness than English strength. And at Arras things got substantially worse.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 26 Jul 2015

In 1428, the English were still sweeping all before them. Then came a figure so famous, that she was selected by Bill and Ted for their history project - and what greater recognition can there be than that?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 16 Jul 2015

In 1428, the English were still sweeping all before them. Then came a figure so famous, that she was selected by Bill and Ted for their history project - and what greater recognition can there be than that?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 05 Jul 2015

There's really often little practical difference between what we call politics and some of what we call crime. Essentially it the history of the struggle for power by a bunch of aristocratic families. And a smidgen of life on the Borders.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 04 Jul 2015

While Bedford and talented commanders like Salisbury were alive, the cause of the English in France was far from dead. But in 1423, buoyed by the arrival of the Scots, the French launched a fresh campaign into Normandy, and quickly took the mighty town of Verneuil. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 27 Jun 2015

An introduction to a new reign - Henry VIth, a name to make grown men tremble - and to the political leaders that dominated it.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 58 Minutes 21 Jun 2015

This week a guest episode on Wycliffe, Hus and their influence on the history of Bohemia. With many thanks to Pete Coleman from the Bohemican Podcast, and Travis Dow of the History of Germany podcast.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 13 Jun 2015

Only 4% of women remained unmarried in the middle ages, and therefore for Harvestingboth men and women working life was a matter of team work. In towns in particular, women might find their opportunities for specialised work more limited than men, but not impossible - women like Margery Kempe showed how the mould could be broken.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 31 May 2015

Henry's talents ran as much to managing his back yard as it did to war; this week how Henry organised his kingdom for war, and the last days of his life. Plus a guest bonus from Kevin Stroud and 'The History of English'.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 24 May 2015

In 1420, Henry faced an uphill battle again; his negotiations had failed with both Dauphinists and Burgundians, and instead they'd patched it up. So he faced an alliance - Dauphinist, Armagnac, Orleanist, Burgundian - Scot - against the English. And then came a meeting on a bridge that changed everything. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 17 May 2015

Henry Vth was the first monarch since Richard the Lion Heart to pay much attention to the English fleet. The experience of putting maybe as many as 1,500 ships onto the water to transport his army of 1415 to France made him realise that he needed a new solution.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 17 May 2015

By 1417, Henry had sorted out his support in England, and was able to launch a war of conquest in Normandy. After butchery at Caen, castles and towns fell, and by June 1418 the final and biggest prize stood before Henry - Rouen, second city of France.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 09 May 2015

Medieval understanding of physiology had an impact on attitudes to sex, just as much as did the teachings of the church. Though who knows how much it had an impact on everyday life. And something about how childbirth fitted into community life, and rearing the outcome.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 19 Apr 2015

As far as women were concerned, was 1066 generally a Good Thing, a Bad Thing - or just a Thing? That's the main item of debate this week, along with a bit about marriage, and a toe-curling piece about how to get out of an unwanted marriage contract by proving your partner failed to live up to their, um, duties.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 11 Minutes 18 Apr 2015

Being a medieval queen could be a hazardous business - find why, and how, by Melisende of Outremer, and visit Melisende's blog, www.womenofhistory.blogspot.com.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 11 Apr 2015

Unaccustomed as I am to social and economic history...here is the first of a bit of a thread over the next few weeks and months about some social stuff, and indeed with a bit of a focus on women. Due to popular demand. We start of this thread with a look at the status and role of women in Anglo Saxon England.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 03 Apr 2015

And so at last to one of England's most famous battles. Outnumbered and trapped, Henry and his English and Welsh faced the cream of the French warrior class.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 28 Mar 2015

Henry probably now intended to be King of France or Duke of Normandy as a minimum. So what he planned was a war of conquest, not just the traditional chevaucee. It's likely that he planned to start with Harfleur, take it quickly and then advance to the capital of Normandy - Rouen - before winter. But Jean d'Estouteville, captain of Harfleur, had other ideas.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 15 Mar 2015

There is little doubt that Henry Vth always intended to fight in France - unless they completely rolled over. Which was unlikely; the French were perfectly ready to fight and on the surface at least united in the face of the English threat, and looking forward to giving them a beating. This week, Henry prepares.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 07 Mar 2015

Last week we wondered about Henry - Monster or Hero...? This week you could look at it either way, as Henry faces the Lollards and his old pal, Sir John Oldcastle.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 01 Mar 2015

Henry Vth is a man who has a reasonable claim to be the greatest of English kings. But what did contemporaries think of him? Successful he was no doubt - but in his rigid piety and ruthlessness was he also a monster?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 31 Jan 2015

That famous figure in English history...so I couldn't think of a good excuse, but here's a return to the History of England by David McLain. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 10 Jan 2015

And here we are with the second installment of the Romans in Britain, taking us to the fall of the western Empire.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 04 Jan 2015

For some reason, don't know why, my interest in English and British history starts with the Anglo Saxons. Not before. Don't ask me why - no idea. I love Ancient Greece, Rome etc etc - but no interest in the British stuff. Sorry. Fortunately, Richard Norton does! yay! so here we are, part 1 of a 2 part overview of the Romans in Britain by Richard Norton..... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 21 Dec 2014

This is a personal view by David Ford (though spoken by me), prompted by the episode on Heresy. David talks about some of the impacts the church had in the medieval world, why heresy arose, and some of the myths that appeared over the church's response.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 14 Dec 2014

Hello everyone, this is David here, from what is laughingly being referred to as holiday…although hopefully with the approach of Christmas really will become holiday! I just wanted to say Hi, and say that I’m still not sure when I am going to come back but I suspect it’ll be later rather than sooner…but also to say that a few people have got in touch with me about guest episodes. So with a bit of luck there’ll be something on the airways. This one following is from Isaac Meyers, then. Now when I was a lad, I ate the James Clavell books, I just ate them. The best historical novels bar none, makes even the beloved Bernard look like a no hoper. And Shogun induced a period of Japanese mania as I remember, and through that I learned that the base story was true, about some English bloke tipping up on the shores of Japan and making a go if it all. So when Isaac contacted me and suggested a guest episode, I was more than delighted. So, here it is, and there’ll be more soon!. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 09 Nov 2014

With John Wycliffe and the Lollards in the 14th century, heresy finally came to England. Up to this point, rural England had been notable for avoiding the religious turmoils that sprung up from time to time through the continent.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 02 Nov 2014

In his final years, Henry faced a new challenge - from his ambitious son Henry. Ill and tired, For a while he loses control to the young bucks, the new generation, the men of his son.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 18 Oct 2014

The younger Henry enters our story full time as he leads to fight to Glyn Dwr. And for the alternative Prince of Wales after the failure of the French invasion the light went out of his rebellion. It wasn't all over yet - Harlech and Abersytwyth still stood - but without external help things looked pretty desperate.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 12 Oct 2014

In 1405, yet more rebellion in England, this time from the north led by an Archbishop; and the crowning glory of Glyn Dwr's diplomacy led to the arrival of the French on the shores to wipe the English out in Wales. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 04 Oct 2014

The battle of Shrewsbury of 1403 is one of those battles that deserves to be more remembered than it is - along with Lincoln in 1217 for example. The issue at Shrewsbury was who would rule England - Henry IVth or the Mortimers and Percies.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 14 Sep 2014

In 1402 and 1403 Glyn Dwr's power and influence grew. As Glyn Dwr looked for foreign allies, Henry was forced to look north, and look closely at the loyalty of those around this.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 06 Sep 2014

As he looked around after dust of the Epiphany Rising had settled, Henry began to realise that he had problems that would make his life difficult; a mega fall in royal revenue, a restricted group of magnates to call on. Plus, things were stirring in the West.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 23 Aug 2014

The reputation of Henry IVth has changed through history - where he's remembered at all! So we look at that - we are left with those that think Henry was inadequate, and those that he did the best job possible in the circumstances. And then we deal with the first challenge of Henry's reign - the Epiphany Rising.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 15 Aug 2014

This week we finish off our survey of Europe, bringing us up to date with Byzantium, and the threat from the East. But we'll also bring you up to date with Scandinanvia, Russia and France.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 10 Aug 2014

The growth of Aragon and its mediterranean empire, consolidation and political change in Northern Italy, fragmentation in Germany; Jan Hus, heresy and the Council of Constance.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 26 Jul 2014

Ths episode is the first of 3 to bring us up to date with the history of Europe to the time of Henry IVth. This week it's all about the Economic development of Europe, and about some of the technological change that impacts on it. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 06 Jul 2014

In 1399 Bolingbroke and Richard were locked in a struggle - who would rule England and how.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 29 Jun 2014

At last in 1397 Richard would have felt that he had put his past humiliation from the Appellants behind him. But he was no happier or secure. He gathered his private army of Cheshire Archers around him and looked out at the world outside the court with mistrustful eyes.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 21 Jun 2014

In 1397, Richard finally saw the chance to try to get his revenge on the Appellants - Gloucester, Arundel and Warwick. So the parliament of September 1397 was momentus.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 11 Minutes 14 Jun 2014

A bit of a change of pace for our guest episode this week - here's Roifield Brown, author of the 'How Jamaica conquered the world' podcast, with an episode about Britain in the 70s and the impact Jamaica had on us all. The music is great, by the way!. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 07 Jun 2014

Henry Bolingbroke, Earl of Derby, son of the most powerful magnate in England, was a golden child blessed with every advantage. While Richard tried to get his royal feet under the throne, Bolingbroke left the wife to bring up the children and headed out to fulfil the image of the perfect medieval knight.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 01 Jun 2014

Between the Appellants crisis of 1388 and 1397, Richard ruled with increasingly confidence. He was hardly the most impressive English king but he appeared to have cast off the wildness of his early days, and accepted the need to rule together with his leading magnates.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 24 May 2014

By 1387, it was becoming clear that the Wonderful Parliament of 1385 had not solved the problem. Pressure had been building, and Gloucester, Warwick and Arundel were far from satisfied - and felt far from safe. The showdown came at the Merciless Parliament of 1388.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 04 May 2014

From the end of the Peasant's Revolt in 1381, England continues to be managed by the Council, but the young Richard began to have more and more influence. And despite his youth and lack of sole control, what he does manages to raise concern rather than to re-assure. As the war with France goes from bad to worse, by the time 1387 comes around there are more than a few murmers of discontent around.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 22 Apr 2014

Wycliffe's views finally began to attract the enmity of the church; and the crown, in the form of Richard, was no longer prepared to protect him - though unexcited about suppression. By 1384, open discussion at Oxford University of Wycliffe's ideas were a thing of the past, and Wycliffe was dead - but a new religious movement called Lollardy was precariously alive. It was helped by the first Bible in English - Wycliffe's Bible. Along with Chaucer, Gower, Langland - English was back to stay.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 19 Apr 2014

Wycliffe's writings were to prove controversial and proved an interesting early echo of the Reformation. They heavily influenced the view of Jan Hus and the movement in Bohemia. And his ability to develop and present those views owed a lot to Oxford University, and its desire to protect intellectual debate and investigation.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 12 Apr 2014

After Richard had broken the revolt in London at Smithfield it was time to tackle the chaos outside London. The Counter Revolution took something between 1,500-7,000 judicial executions, and did nothing to solve the breaches in a divided society. Also this week, a look at the state of the nation of the medieval English church, as we approach the story of John Wyclif and the Lollards.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 29 Mar 2014

In June 1381 the revolt came to London. Before long, London was in flames, and the qualities of the young king Richard, and his advisors, were tested to the limit as they were made prisoners in their own castle.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 22 Mar 2014

On a hill outside Blackheath, just to the south of London, a hedge priest called John Ball is preaching to a massive crowd of pesants. When Adam delved and Eve span, he asked, who was then the Gentleman? What a great question. So why are there thousands of peasants sitting on a hill outside London?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 16 Mar 2014

Richard arrived with the expectation of a nation on his shoulders - the son of the illustrious hero Edward the Black Prince. So what was Richard like, and how has history treated him?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 220 Minutes 09 Mar 2014

Just letting everyone know about the timing of the next episode - and how the great coin giveaway is going .... . .

  Direct Link   Download 9 Minutes 21 Feb 2014

This week, a guest episode by Carrie Palmer - on Chaucer and Katherine Swynford. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 16 Feb 2014

The rythmn of the year would have been far more important to most medieval people that the goings on at Westminster and the court of the king. The stream of Christian festivals, the odd old survival from days pagan, the demands of the natural world - these were the things that really mattered.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 09 Feb 2014

There were now unusual expecations for the parliament of 1376. But in fact a revolt from the Commons was brewing, dismayed by the failures of the war. The Good Parliament set a number of precedents but John of Gaunt did not allow it to stand for long. And by June 1377 both the King and his son the Black Prince were dead.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 02 Feb 2014

From 1371 to 1375 the army went from bad to worse. An English fleet was destroyed at La Rochelle and Poitou and the Saintonge fell to the French. The great counter attack by Gaunt in 1373 was a disaster. And in 1374 the end of English rule in Gascony looked on the cards. The truce of Bruges in 1375 saved the English position - but it all looked very temporary. And back at home, Alice Perrers tightened her grip.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 18 Jan 2014

On the face of it, the 1360's were a continuation and celebration of the great victories of the 40's and 50's. In 1364, Charles of Blois was defeated and killed at Auray. In 1364 John II died, to be replaced by Charles Vth, and in 1367 the Black Prince won a brilliant victory at Najera. But in fact the English apple had the worm of decay in its centre.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 11 Jan 2014

Fashion finally comes to town in the 14th Century. At the start of the century people are wearing what they've been wearing for centuries. By the end of it there are a wide variety of styles people may choose.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 31 Dec 2013

After the victory at Poitiers and capture of the French King, the English seemed to hold all the cards, and the Treaty of Bretigny in 1360 for a while maintained this illusion. Edward basked in his glories, and made sure he had provided for his thre eldest sons - Edward, Lionel and John.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 01 Dec 2013

1356 saw one of the greatest exchange of arms of the war. Early in the year, the Duke of Lancaster attacked into Normandy and with lightening marches ran rings round the French King. Then in the south the Black Prince attacked into the Poitou, seeking to link up with Lancaster on a march towards Paris. The campaign would end of the field of Poitiers as once again an English army faced a much bigger French opponent.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 56 Minutes 01 Dec 2013

I agree that it's a bit out of phase but you don't loo a gift horse in the mouth. David McClain here gives us all a fascinating hour on some hack called William Shakespeare who wrote some plays in the 16th/17th Century.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 102 Minutes 23 Nov 2013

Sorry no podcast this week; next week, a wonderful guest episode on Shakespeare by David McClain, the week after the battle of Poitiers - and that could well be it for the rest of the year. If so, ooops, sorry about that. Anyway, we'll see - and enjoy the guest episode next week.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 17 Nov 2013

In 1354 - 1355 Edward and his court wavered between optimism that a negotiated settlement was within their grasp - and determination to continue to prosecute the war. The Treaty of Guines looked to have given Edward more than he could have hoped for - Aquitaine, Anjou and Calais in return for peace and the renunciation of his claims. But in the end it was to be war again. The Black Prince started things off with the Great Chevaucee. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 10 Nov 2013

The period between 1347 and 1353 was one of low level war and violence; punctuated by more or less effective truces. But even the truces don't stop the low level local violence that saw a creeping chaos in areas of France. Meanwhile at home, Edward's parliaments of 1351-3 introduced a range of legislation and saw the Commons become a more unified coherent unit.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 03 Nov 2013

The theory runs that the Black Death transformed medieval society. With a dramatic shortage of labour, the English peasant was able to demand whatever wages and terms they wanted - liberating hte English from serfdom. Is this true? And what other impacts did the Black Death have on the medieval mind.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 19 Oct 2013

In 1348 a 14 year old royal princess, Joan, set out from Portsmouth to marry Pedro of Castile. Her route went by Bordeaux, and with the massive trousseau she carried - enough to fill an entire ship - she would have expected a comfortable journey. But Joan never arrived.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 13 Oct 2013

By the end of the march across Normandy in 1346, Edward had accepted that he was not going to be able to hold French territory. But he had a clear objective - Calais. Philip meanwhile now hoped that the Scots would invade an empty, defenceless England and Edward would have to abandon his plans and rush back home.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 05 Oct 2013

In 1346 Edward invaded finally launched the invasion he had hoped to lead in 1345. The target was Normandy a devastating raid through northern France, a glorious victory in battle followed by - well who knows. There followed a tense camapign that tettered on the edge of disaster until the two armies finally met outside the village of Crecy on 26th August 1346. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 27 Sep 2013

Edward had little intention of keeping the truce for long. After a brief period of reconstruction, he repudiated the truce a year early. And so enters one of the most attractive figures of the hundred years war - Henry of Grosmont, the Earl of Derby, the Earl of Lancaster. His campaign in 1345 finally proves that the English can win.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 01 Sep 2013

1341 saw a serious political crisis - Edward returned home determined to put his English administration, parliament and particularly Archbishop in their places. In fact it's Edward who is forced to back down and accept a punitive legislative programme to rebuild his partnership with the political community. With a truce in place, Edward was saved from a life of fun and luxury by the start of civil war with a disputed succession to the Duchy of Brittany.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 31 Aug 2013

In 1340 against all the odds - of numbers and quality - Edward defeated Philip VIth's Great Army of the Sea at Sluys. The impact on morale, English and French was dramatic. But none the less Edward's campaign still failed at the walls of Tournai, and his problems of debt and discordant allies rose like a flood around him.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 17 Aug 2013

Edward faced a weary time, a weary time. His allies demanded money, he had none to give them. So they refused to fight, while the French closed in on Gascony and raided the south coast of England. Edward handed out impossible orders, sacked perfectly competent ministers and became increasingly isolated from his parliament, magnates and ministers. Against this background, in the Friday market at Ghent in 1340, Edward declared himself king of France.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 11 Aug 2013

This week, a bit of a scene setter; Edward and the develpment of consent from the commons in his parliaments, the theatres of the 100 years war ahead - and the revolt in Flanders led by Jacques Artevelde.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 07 Jul 2013

The Story of the early 14th Century papacy and their exile in Avignon - a guest episode from Stephen Guerra. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 04 Jul 2013

Edward had traditionally received much of the blame before the start of the Hundred Years War. But in fact there were many reasons why France and England ended up going to war, and many of them relates to French aggression and support for the Scots. And in fact the catalyst for war is the declaration by Philip VI that he has removed the Duke of Aquitaine from his lands - i.e. Edward. This is as straightforward a declaration of war as you are ever likely to see.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 30 Jun 2013

In the early 1330's, Edward was a hero searching for a way to undo the humiliations visited on him by Mortimer and by the French. And Edward Balliol, son of the ex king of Scotland John Balliol, gave him his chance. At the battle of Dupplin Moor, Balliol against all the odds defeated a much large Scottish army, but could not hold Scotland. Edward now had the chance to prove himself - if he could keep the French as bay.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 23 Jun 2013

In 1330 a group of Edward's friends gathered together at the foot of the rock on which Nottingham castle stands. They had learnt of a secret passage that led to Mortimer's private chambers, and were looking to free their lord from Mortimer's fierce grip. This week, then, the start of Edward's majority, a survey of how history has treated Edward, and a few of the Chroniclers we will talk about.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 20 Minutes 14 Jun 2013

The Templar Knights are endlessly fascinating; a glamorous and powerful order of warrior monks, with all kinds of mystique. In a guest episode, Sharyn Eastaugh gives a potted history.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 08 Jun 2013

With the defeat of the Hohenstaufen, surely the Papacy had finally won it's battle for supremacy? Actually not. A new challenge rode into town in the form of Phillip IVth of France. And meanwhile the very success of the struggle against the Emperor was to contribute towards the start of the end for that most medieval thing - the unity of Christendom.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 26 May 2013

Frederick II renewed the argument that had been going on since the time of Otto the Great - Emperor or Pope? This time there would be a solution one way or t'other. Meanwhile the unity of Christendom itself was under threat - ironically from one of it's greatest thinkers.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 24 May 2013

Listen, think and vote at www.thehistoryofengland.com or The History of England Podcast facebook group Now, traditionally, Edward II is supposed to have died after an unfortunate meeting with a red hot poker. Which has always been my firmly and fondly held belief. But ladies and gentlemen,History sleuths, other views are, in fact, available. So this episode is all about whether Edward was A) Murdered in 1327 on the orders of Roger Mortimer OR B) Escaped and with the active conivance and knowledge of said Mortimer lived incognito for many years as an ex-pat. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 11 May 2013

After Edward II's abdication in January 1327, England was ruled on behalf of the new King Edward III by Queen Isabella. But while Isabella probably wanted a life of respect, comfort and personal wealth Mortimer was hungry for power. This wasn't to be a story about the forces of life overturning the power of darkness. It was to be a new tyranny.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 04 May 2013

With the fall of Lancaster, the Despencers were off the leash, and able to vent the full force of their avarice on England. Their power and Edward's inability to control them even came between the king and Isabella - so that after a diplomatic mission to France Isabella refused to return. And then in 1326, she landed in England with 1,500 men and her rebel lover, Roger Mortimer.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 28 Apr 2013

Medieval man loved their saints. Remember the Anglo Saxons? Saints popping up all over the place. The Martyrdom of Thomas Beckett I suppose is reasonable, but cult of Simon de Montfort and bit more odd. Edward II, unpopular though he is, also had a period of saintliness. In this episode, Hannah looks at the afterlife of Thomas of Lancaster - how a pretty miserable bloke got a following that saw him as a saint. Hannah looks at the Brut, and how the chronicler subtly positions Lancaster's story to support his new status.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 20 Apr 2013

In 1322, things finally came to a head, and rebellion was out in the open. Lancaster must have had a fighting chance, but it all goes to show that the reign of Edward is essentially about a struggle between mediocrities.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 01 Apr 2013

In the 1310's, Robert Bruce's ambitions grew - not simply content with throwing the English out of Scotland, or burning the north of England - he now wanted to establish his own Empire. And so his brother Edward was sent to invade Ireland, where he would face the king's friend - Roger Mortimer. Meanwhile in England Edward and Lancaster tried to work it out and live together in peace and harmony - and failed.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 30 Mar 2013

The modus tenendi parliamentum is a very unusual document from around this time. It describes how parliaments should be held, but also includes a number of very interesting claims about the primacy of the commons. It's interesting for the procedures and atmosphere around parliaments - as long as we take it with a pinch of salt. Also this week we hear and the political war with Lancaster, the physical war with the Scots and defeat at Bannockburn.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 23 Mar 2013

For a long time we have been having a ball, economy wise - the medieval warm period, towns springing up all over the place, prices gently rising, population growing. So the Great Famine of 1315-1317 came as a terrible shock. Over 500-750,000 people died, as years of bad weather destroyed the feeling of economic well being. The question is whether or not this was a blip or part of a wider trend?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 23 Feb 2013

The period between 1308 and 1311 was dominated by the attempts of the barons to resolve the issues left unsolved from Edward I's reign; and by the scandal and disruption caused by the king's favourite, Piers Gaveston. The conflict and turmoil led to another constitutional shuffle forward with the powers and role of parliament in the Ordinances of 1311.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 16 Feb 2013

This week, and introduction to Edward II, quite probably the most reviled king in English history. So this week he have a bit of a survey of how history has treated the lad, and the chroniclers that have given him his reputation. And then we kick of the reign.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 10 Feb 2013

In 1305 two Scottish lords had a fall out next to the altar of a church in Dumfries. One them, Robert Bruce, resolved the argument by sticking a knife in the other, John the Red Comyn. Robert then raised the standard of rebellion and with the support of Robert Wishart, and the Scottish war was back on. Two years later, campaigning in Scotland, Edward finally reached the end of his death. Hate him or loathe him, Edward can at least say that no-one could ignore him. And there is something relentless about his tomb and inscription that sums up the man.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 03 Feb 2013

A digression this week - the state of the crime and punishment in 14th century, and the story of the theft of the crown jewels in 1303. We also get the final and rather gruesome end of William Wallace in 1305.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 19 Jan 2013

We spend a bit of time in this episode having a bit of a catchup up - about arms, armour and armies, and about warfare for real and for pretend. Despite that we also find time to talk about the seeming final surrender of the Scots in 1305 - so how about that for value then?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 12 Jan 2013

From 1297, things became harder for Edward. The relentless pressure of external wars led to increased taxation. This continuous pressure on the magnates, church and people eventually led to a resistance. Edward's personality didn't help; up to now, he had carried everything before him - now, suddenly, he's faced with the concept of compromise. Meanwhile in the north it's come-uppance time for Wallace at the battle of Falkirk.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 30 Dec 2012

Since the Treaty of Paris in 1259, England and France had been friends, united by a monarchy with close ties and relationships. So when in 1293 a dispute blew up over a sea fight in the Channel, Edward clearly didn't expect it to become a problem. But in fact Phillip IV (the Fair) of France was keen to strengthen the power of the French monarchy - and that didn't include having Gascony controlled by a foreign king.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 22 Dec 2012

Through a stunning piece of bad luck, Alexander III left no heirs. And now there was no clear successor to his throne of Scotland. For the search for the right successor, the Scottish Guardians of the Realm turned to Scotland's friend - England. But Edward had other plans - for him this was a great opportunity to revive the claims of the kings of England to be overlords of all Britain.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 02 Dec 2012

When Edward I arrived back in 1289 from Gascony, he was in many ways at the height of his awesomeness. A chivalric monarch, a leading stateman in Christendom, and at least partly responsible for legal reforms, that will cause a historian to call him 'the English Justinian'. But he also had problems. He was strapped for cash. There was a background of discontent against the firmness of Edward's rule. But Edward was a clever politician as well as a chivalric monarch, and knew how to negotiate his way back to popularity - and it would not be good news for England's Jewish community.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 24 Nov 2012

The second Anglo Welsh war was very different in character to the first. Here was a genuinely national uprising against rule by the English. Here was a war with no compromise - where Edward clearly decided from the start that the only long term issue was complete conquest.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 17 Nov 2012

In 1270, you would have been more likely to pick Alexander, king of Scotland or Llewellyn of Wales as the leader most likely to breach the peace. Edward looked more like a candidate for a peace prize. And, Wales was more united than ever; at the Treaty of Montgomery in 1267 Llewellyn had been confirmed as Prince of Wales. So the events of 1277 was something of a surprise.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 10 Nov 2012

The country Edward came back to in 1274 wasn't in particularly good nick. Crime was on the rise, with a general disaffection with the regime as the benzedrine of de Montfort's years continued to race through the nation's veins. The magnates were used to ignoring Henry and his royal officials. There was no money in the treasury. With the help of Robert Burnell and his close circle of magnates, in the first few years of his realm Edward re-established a good degree of firm government, financial stability - and built a shared esprit de corps between him and his court.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 21 Oct 2012

The last 5 years of Henry's rule were pretty eventful. The Statute of Marlborough confirmed the changes of the Provisions of Westminster, but royal power remained based on the pre-Provisions of Oxford basis. Edward whiled away his time by going on crusade, returning in August 1274 for his coronation.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 13 Oct 2012

In April 1265 Gilbert de Clare had left court in something of a huff. De Montfort was well aware that if he lost de Clare, his whole hold on power would be threatened.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 13 Oct 2012

In 1264 when De Montfort set out from London he would have been conscious that this was a last throw; after losses to the Royalists in the midlands his only chance was a decisive victory. Lewes gave him that victory, and opened a remarkable period in England's history, a period of constitutional monarchy.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 06 Oct 2012

In 1262, it looked for all the world as though the royal party was back in control and the whole struggle for reform was over. But that was before you take into account the ability of Henry, Eleanor and their son to get up the collective English nose. So de Montfort was able to return and once again the battle was on. This time though, the royal party fought back right away, and won a string of victories. By March 1264, De Montfort was drinking at the last chance saloon.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 188 Minutes 30 Sep 2012

Here it is...the news you've all been aiting for.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 22 Sep 2012

Things looked pretty good for the reformers in 1259; but at the heart of the reform movement were faultlines that weakened them, and made them vulnerable. The differing aims of the magnates; the avarice of de Montfort; and the fact that would pague the civil war 400 years later - how ever many times they defeated the king, he would still be the king. And in 1261, the royal fight back began.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 15 Sep 2012

We sort of get back to the political narrative this week, but only sort of. We discuss the young prince, Edward, who will be one of England's most famous kings at some point and is already an important political player, and we bring oursleves back up to date with the relevance of the provisionf of Oxford. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 08 Sep 2012

The 13th Century sees the start of changes that will come to full fruit in the 14th Century - the development of the role of the knight in the shires, the appearance of the 'Gentleman', Bastard Feudalism.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 02 Sep 2012

Wool was the wealth of England, the great trade that brought wealth and prosperity to England. The people who really made the money were the big ticket Italian Merchants. This week we also look at the life of Magnates, the super-rich during the period, and their households.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 05 Aug 2012

Being a Peasant was no doubt a pretty hard existance. But they were not without their methods of fighting back, and protecting their rights. This week also we look at the history of towns in the 13th century, as the economy continues to grow.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 05 Aug 2012

Over the 13th century, economic growth continued. For the Peasantry, this gave some opportunities; more chance to sell their produce and get involved in a wider range of money making ventures. It meant that population growth continued, since cottagers and wage earners were able to make enoiugh to get by on small plots of land; and so the density of landholding grew. During the 13th century all of this is fine - but there could be trouble ahead.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 15 Jul 2012

In 1258, the resentments all came together and the pot boiled over. The pope Alexander did his vassal no favours what so ever by pushing so hard that Henry had to ask his great men for more money.Together with some blazing rows between the Lusignans and the English barons, the spark had been applied to the powder keg. The result was the hobbling of the king by the Provisions of Oxford.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 07 Jul 2012

It seems strange. Henry III was a likeable enough chap, who did his best to keep a harmonious court, and gave England an extended period of peace. And yet it's all going to go up in flames around him. So the question is, why was he so unpopular?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 27 Jun 2012

Henry III brushed off his great officers of state and the priod of 1234 to 1258 is a period of personal rule. Henry finds himself a wife, a new personal favourite in the form of Simon de Montfort, and makes one last attempt to regain Poitou.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 23 Jun 2012

From 1227 to 1234 we are sort of in betweeners - the minority has ended, but Henry's government in still dominated by the old guard, people like Hubert de Burgh. But it doesn't go well - money is still tight, Henry's campaigns in France aren't great, and in 1232 Peter des Roches, the old enemy, is back in town.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 02 Jun 2012

Harmony with Scotland, the career of Llewellyn the Great, the loss of Poitou. During the minority of Henry, English prestige and power was at something of a low point - with the one exception of Gascony, where a supreme effort brought one success. And meanwhile in Souther France, the Cathars burned.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 19 May 2012

Bannockburn was a landmark defeat for the English, which signalled a long term change to the strategy Edward I had started. Zack talks about the events that led up to the battle, how the battle itself unfolded, and how England reacted to defeat. Let Zack know what you thought about this podcast - leave a comment or email Zack on wdfpodcast@hotmail.com. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 19 May 2012

The years between 1219 and 1227 saw the gradual resumption of royal power. It also saw a power struggle between Peter des Roches, the Bishop of Winchester, and Hubert de Burgh the Justiciar. By January 1227 when Henry took control of the royal seal, that struggle at least seemed to be fully resolved in favour of Hubert.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 07 May 2012

A man was needed to guide England through a civil war and minority. So who do you think they picked? The answer was of course William the Marshal who was now a very old man by the standards of the time. The Earl of Chester was politely asked, given the size of his holdings, but there was no holding William. In the two and a half years left to him, William was able to throw Louis out of the England and establish Henry as the rightful king. But he left an awful lot more for his successors to do.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 05 May 2012

Bouvines wasn't the cause of the Baronial revolt, but it probably was John's last chance to avoid it. In 1215 at Runymede Magna Carta was signed. It's extremely unlikely that John ever intended to allow the treaty to survive - and his untimely death at Newark was the biggest single factor in Magna Carta's survival.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 21 Apr 2012

From 1213 to 1214, John seemed to have got his problems more under control, and had built an alliance that looked to be capable of taking on Philip. There was trouble in the background caused by the tyranny of his rule and relationship with his barons, but his reconciliation with the Papacy and his international alliance held it at bay. But his hopes died on the field of Bouvines.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 06 Apr 2012

John took a detailed interest in administration, and made effective changes to the way things worked. Partly his interest was motivated by the need to raise money - as inflation ate away at his earnings, and his desire to reconquer France magnified his need. The break with the church from 1208 to 1213 actually helped his need for money, and doesn't appear to have materially damaged his reputation in England.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 31 Mar 2012

The Holy Roman Empire to the death of Barbarossa, the briefest of histories of Norway, Denmark and Spain, and the 4th Crusade. It's action packed.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 25 Mar 2012

From Charles Martel and the battle of Tours in 732, through Charlemagne and Otto the Great, the first installment concentrates on France, Germany and Italy and takes us to the shores of Gregory VIIth.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 17 Mar 2012

John immediately launched attempts to get his lands back - and ran into the Barons. He does run up a pretty good Navy though. And we hear of Roland the Farter.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 11 Mar 2012

After the defection of William des Roches the military situation was poor for John but not irretrievable. Unfortunately, John failed to provide the leadership needed. He distrusted his barons; he panicked and had no coherent strategy. When he killed Arthur, he pushed the self destruct button, and Normandy collapsed from with - the Barons no longer supported the descendants of William the Bastard.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 18 Minutes 26 Feb 2012

Eleanor of Aquitaine is one of the great names of the Middle Ages. Her life spanned almost all of the Angevin Empire, and her court at Poitiers became famous as the centre of courtly love. Much of her life was spent in conflict with her two husbands, but towards the end of her life she achieved the political influence she had earlier craved as the trusted supporter of her sons.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 18 Feb 2012

As a younger man, John had been given the nickname Lackland because unlike his brothers he didn't have his own appanage. At the Treaty of Le Goulet in May 1200 he acquired the name Softsword - people couldn't understand why he'd signed away Gisors, parts of Berry, £20,000 and bent his knee to Phillip. On the other hand, John probably felt he'd had a good deal. Then John caused fury with the Lusignan by stealing their bride, they appealed to Phillip and and Phillip declared John to be stripped of his lands. But at the start of the war, John gets off to a flyer.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 11 Feb 2012

In 1199, Richard the Lion Heart died after being shot by a cook outside the castle of Chalus in the Limousin. The Empire was split between supporters of Arthur and supporters of John. Philip was for himself, with a bit for Arthur. That year was one of John's best years, where he showed that he could be effective.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 04 Feb 2012

The war between Richard and Phillip went on from 1194-1198 in fits and starts; usually there was no more than 3 months of fighting before a truce came along. But the general flow was steadily in Richard's favour when in 1198 they agreed to make peace. Meanwhile in England Hubert Walter ran an efficient administration that fed Richard with troops and arms.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 22 Jan 2012

Richard set off from Outremer right at the end of the sailing season - October. He knew the Duke of Austria, the Holy Roman Emperor, Count of Toulouse and King of France were out to get him, so very sensibly tried to slip across their lands in disguise. Rubbish plan, predictable revolt. Meanwhile back in England John was making a bit for power, Phillip making his first attempt to bring down the Angevin Empire - and Robin Hood might have been hanging out in Sherwood Forest. Richard eventually arrived home at the start of 1194.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 15 Jan 2012

Was the Third Crusade a success or a failure? While it failed to achieve its objective, it was the most successful after the First Crusade. It rescued Outremer from an eradication that looked all too likely in 1190. The Crusade was controversial even at the time - in the eyes of most of Christendom it made Richard a hero - the victor of Acre and Arsuf. But to Philip's friends, Richard had failed, and betrayed Christendom to the Turk. To my mind it gave Outremer another century of life until the fall of Acre in 1291.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 15 Jan 2012

For 50 or so years after the capture of Jerusalem, Outremer was a part of the political and military dance between Christian and Muslim states. Then in 1144, signs of Muslim unity begin to appear through Nur ed Din when Edessa falls, and by 1150 one of the states is wiped off the map. Outremer has passed it's high point. But it's not until the 1170's that Saladin, as leader of unified empire that included Egypt and Syria, was able to really threaten the Christian states. In 1187, after the dramatic battle of Hattin, Jerusalem and most of Outremer falls and is left with just a few toe holds on the coast. in 1190, Saladin's army is looking to finish the job when Richard and Phillip arrive at Acre.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 08 Jan 2012

Richard set off from Sicily probably intending to go straight to the Holy Land. But a chance storm enforced a landing at Cyprus, where the locals were not friendly. Which meant that Richard ended up conquering the place in it's entirety, putting it's ruler Isaac Comnenus in chains of silver, and selling the island to the Templars.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 17 Dec 2011

Richard came into the lands of his father and was crowned at Westminster in 1189. For the next 6 months he was packing his bags, cleaning the fridge and getting ready to go. He sets up his administration, makes sure his borders are safe and sets off for Sicily. So was Richard a feckless warrior who had no interest in administration ? We talk about this and also about the Jewish communities in England in the 11th and 12th Centuries. AND Don't forget to go to www.thehistoryofengland.com post for the Great British Coin Giveaway. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 17 Dec 2011

To most contemporaries, Richard I was a hero. Since then his reputation has suffered badly, until even Winston Churchill describes him as the worst of our Richards - which given the other two is going some. So we look at how history has treated the guy, his early years, and what he was like. And we look at how to behave in medieval company.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 16 Minutes 12 Dec 2011

Aelfthryth was a controversial figure. Wife of King Edgar, mother of Aethelred the Unready - and possibly murderer of her step son, Edward? Melisende of Outremer looks at the life of a remarkable person.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 12 Dec 2011

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  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 19 Nov 2011

So here are two completely unconnected subjects then! Henry is responsible for reforms to the process of English justice that had a long lasting impact on English Justice - including the development of Common law and the Jury system. OK, so he wasn't thinking about the long term futuire, all he wanted to do was to bring more royal revenue in, and more quickly; but none the less, a long term impact he had. The events of his reign would also have a long term impact on Irish politics and society. in 1169. Richard 'Strongbow' FitzGilbert arrived on the coast of Ireland with the Gaelic king of Leinster, and the Anglo Norman invasion was on.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 10 Nov 2011

After Thomas recanted from his signature of the Constitutions of Clarendon, things got really nasty. Before long, Thomas was in exile, and Henry couldn't care less. But by 1167 the political situation had changed - Henry wanted to crown his son, and the Archbishop of Canterbury wasn't around to do.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 06 Nov 2011

The 1160's. A time of consolidation of the Angevin Empire, still ruled by a dynamic, young and aggressive Henry. But mainly remembered for the start of the struggle between church and state - or more accurately, the struggle between Henry and Thomas Becket. We start that well trodden paths, with.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 30 Oct 2011

Bear in mind at all times that Henry, while being a Good King, was a tyrant. Still, he was a tyrant who ran a mean administrative system for the time. This week, the nature of the Angevin empire, how it was ruled, and a bit about travel and economy. Click.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 16 Oct 2011

Geniuses, devils, spoilt brats, villains, heroes; war, sex, violence, bravery, treachery, peace, reform... the Angevins that founded the Plantagenet dynasty have it all, in spades. Not so much history, as soap opera. This week we kick things off with the arrival of Henry II and Eleanor on the English throne..... . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 09 Oct 2011

12th Century England was envied for it's fertility and yes it's climate. Any during the 12th century, the population of England and its towns and villages expand. But by and large, this is expansion without growth, and for many average income falls. 37 12th C Life - Village Town and.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 02 Oct 2011

After joining Henry II's household, William's rise was steady - but with the arrival of Richard the Lion Heart it really took off. By the time of his death he was one of the most powerful men of the realm. We also look at the church - the village priest,.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 25 Sep 2011

I came across these on YouTube - there's a series of them, and very good !. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 25 Sep 2011

Medieval England thought of it's people in 3 estates - those who fight (nobles), those who pray (churchmen) and those who work (peasants). This week in the history of England we look at the life of the nobility, through the life of William the Marshal. Click and play podcast: 35.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 18 Sep 2011

Stephen and Matilda fought themselves to a standstill, until the Empress tires of the struggle, and essentially leaves the stage around 1149. Many of her key supporters die - Miles of Gloucester and Robert of Gloucester - weakening her resolve and strength. Thereafter her son Henry picks up the baton..... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 11 Sep 2011

1141 was a turbulent year in England's history. The Civil war had reached an early deadlock, dramatically broken by the capture of the king at the Battle of Lincoln, and the defeat of the Empress at Winchester. 33 Anarchy II - Matilda's big chance Download 33 Anarchy II - Matilda's.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 04 Sep 2011

'...they said openly that christ and his saints slept'. This stunning phrase gives us an image of devastation hat led to the period being called 'The Anarchy'. In this episode, we look at how the Stephen came to power and how the whole thing started. Click and play podcast: 32.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 28 Aug 2011

Chris and Matt sent some interesting questions that take us back to Anglo Saxon England. So here's a free, supplementary episode. We talk about: How much did daily life really change when Anglo Saxon kingdoms converted to Christianity? What differences did the Norman Church bring to Anglo Saxon England? How.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 14 Aug 2011

Henry was a Norman king like any other - Normandy was in his blood. For 30 years, he controlled the diplomatic game to keep Normandy in the Empire. The one thing he couldn't control was the succession. When William the Atheling died in the disaster of the White Ship, William.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 07 Aug 2011

The fight with Robert gave Henry a great chance to replace the old conquest families with his own men, and particularly in the Welsh Marches. And this week we also do a catch up on what’s changed in warfare since Anglo Saxon times, and look at the situation that faced.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 31 Jul 2011

After the initial struggle for succession and baronial revolt, England itself was pretty peaceful during Henry’s reign. The church & state debate needed fixing. And Normandy was a constant battle, and so big taxes were needed to pay for war. Henry was an efficient man, and many themes that lead.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 24 Jul 2011

The youngest of William the Conqueror’s sons, Henry, wasted no time shedding tears for his brother Rufus. He got himself crowned, anointed and blessed. The next 6 years were to be dominated by the struggle with his other brother for control. Download 28 The Lion of Justice Click and play.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 18 Jul 2011

Rufus fell out big time with Anselm, his Archbishop of Canterbury. Unusually for Medieval Man he was impious and irreverent. Meanwhile, the Welsh struggled for independence against Norman tyranny, and make a better fist of it than the English. This week in the History of England Podcast we get to.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 11 Jul 2011

William Rufus was a flamboyant, red faced, pudgy and irreverant bloke, but none the less his father's favourite son. So Dad tipped him the wink and he left the death bed to take the throne of England from his older brother. And spent his reign trying to re-unite England and.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 03 Jul 2011

The last years of William the Conqueror's reign were mainly the meat and drink of the Norman King - beating off other feudal lords, keeping your nobles down, trying not to let your sons eat you. But plus there was, of course, the super-famous Domesday Book. This week at the.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 6 Minutes 26 Jun 2011

The Ango Saxons seem a very insular bunch - what was their view of the outside world, how much interaction did they have? A good deal more than we might suppose. Thanks to Thomas H for asking the question - and for the folk on Historum for helping me answer.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 19 Jun 2011

It took William the Conqueror a few more years until he felt safe from the English. But when the Revolt of the Earls collapsed in 1075, English revolution was over - and we are into the continual cycle of feudal rebellion. This week in the History of England we've also.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 11 Jun 2011

After 1066 William the Conqueror set about ruling his new kingdom. The impression we get is that England rolls over rather easily - where was the heroic struggle we might have expected? This isn't the full story; the Conqueror spent the first years stamping out forest fires all over the.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 13 Minutes 05 Jun 2011

Here's a supplementary episode to answer some questions sent in - they were hard but fun, so keep the quesions coming! Sadly, my brother was over so we did it in a different format. It rambles somewhat. But hope it at least answers the questions. 22a Question about Marriage, Law.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 05 Jun 2011

1066 was a year that changed a lot of things - though not as much as you might think. 3 experienced war leaders fought for control of England - and we all know who won, so no need to worry about plot spoilers. The History of England podcast takes us.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 22 May 2011

The Normans made a massive impact on Europe, not just England. They went on to establish a kingdom in Southern Italy, and lead the Crusades and the resulting state of Outremer. So the History of England looks at where they came from, with a brief history of Normandy before 1066..... . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 19 May 2011

Anglo Saxon England has been seen by some commentators as a bit of a basket case by 1066 - out of date and ready to be conquered. But actually England had its great strengths that would have been the envy of continental monrach, if they'd spent any time thinking about.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 15 May 2011

Edward enjoyed one year of indpendendance in 1051-2, before the retun of Godwin forced him into humiliating submission. But after Godwin's death the following year, the rest of his reign was broadly peaceful and prosperous, with the odd local difficulty. The History of England podcast takes us up to 1064..... . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 08 May 2011

Cnut's dynasty survived him by only 7 years, and in 1042 the house of Cerdic returned in the form of Edward the Confessor. Edward is an enigma - weak man or determined survivor? This week the History of England podcast looks at how he came to the throne and his.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 28 Apr 2011

Cnut was pretty much the complete king. Conqueror of the English, ruler of a Scandinavian empire that spanned 4 countries. And a man who knew how to win the peace as well as the war. The History of England podcast this week looks at his reign. Cnut was probably born.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 22 Apr 2011

In 1012, Aethelred looked down and out. But Svein died, and Edmund Ironside appeared on the scene. Suddenly, Aethelred was a real king and all action, and Cnut was forced to flee. But he came back, and 1016 saw one of the great confrontations of English History, and a great.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 09 Apr 2011

The Danish threat is notched up a few levels, and Aethelred the Unready and the English state is brought to it knees. The Vikings are too fast, skillful and mobile, and are much better led. Podcast: Download 15 Aethelred, Svein Forkbeard and years of misery Click and Play: 15 Aethelred,.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 27 Mar 2011

Aethelred's mother gets her son onto the throne at last. But it's not long before the disadvantages of kingship become clear, as the Danes begin to return with increasing force. Aethelred turned 18 in 983, and by 984 has sent his mother away and reigns with his own men. But.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 15 Mar 2011

Edgar the Peaceable's reign was a golden age of peace, prosperity and monastic reform. Unfortunately, once he'd gone his wife stuck a knife into her stepson, and the trouble starts over. But his reign should be remembered as the apogee of the Anglo Saxon state. Click and play: 13 Another.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 12 Mar 2011

Edmund the Magnificant and Eadred finally defeat Eric Bloodaxe, the last king of Jorvik. But there are some social clouds on the horizon in the History of England. Download Podcast 12 The last king in Jorvik Click and Play: 12 The last king in Jorvik. . .

  Direct Link   Download 22 Minutes 06 Mar 2011

Athelstan can reasonably claim to be the first king of England. And he seems like a nice guy as well. Download Podcast: 11 His years though few were full of glory Click and play: 11 His years though few were full of glory Download PDF Episode 11 maps & stuff. . .

  Direct Link   Download 21 Minutes 26 Feb 2011

Edward the Elder and Aethelflaed, Lady of Mercia reclaim the Danish Viking kingdoms south of the Humber for the Anglo Saxons or English in The History of England this week. Download 10 English Conquest Click and play: 10 English Conquest Download PDF File: 10 la Reconquista map. . .

  Direct Link   Download 19 Minutes 18 Feb 2011

One more Danish Army attacked Wessex, in the dying years of the 9th Century. But they faced a very different Wessex and Mercia, and a war leader well prepared and at the height of his powers. Podcast: Download 9 Unshakeable pillar of the western people Extra Material PDF: Download Materials.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 18 Minutes 13 Feb 2011

Alfred's victory in 878 bought Wessex and Mercia crucial 14 years to rebuild and prepare for the next Danish onslaught. Alfred's reforms covered all aspects of Anglo Saxon life - the military, learning, religion, and the economy. Podcast file: Download 8 Reconstruction and defense Download additional PDF Materials for Episode.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 21 Minutes 05 Feb 2011

We look at Alfred the Great and how Wessex survives the Viking invasions from 870-878. 7 Alfred the Great and the fight for survival The History of England In 870 the Great Heathen Army turns its attention to Wessex. The first campaign of 871 sees 9 battles fought, and Alfred.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 20 Minutes 30 Jan 2011

This week's installment in the History of England is about the Pirates of the north that changed the course of England's history - the Vikings. Download Podcast 6 Pirates from the North Who were the Vikings? First of all, the word Viking is probably more something you do that something.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 15 Minutes 23 Jan 2011

Egbert finally gets to be king of Wessex in 802. By the end of his reign, Wessex is the most powerful English nation. Is this, for the first time, a united England? The History of England podcast looks at how Wessex took over from Mercia to become the leading kingdom.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 12 Minutes 23 Jan 2011

A brief summary of the history of the other English nations, from the 5th century to 800. 5a Heptarchy and Anglo Saxon Kingdoms to 800 Download 5a Heptarchy and Anglo Saxon Kingdoms to 800 History of England I felt guilty about ignoring the history of all the other Anglo Saxon.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 16 Jan 2011

Offa is a lost and forgotten English hero, who presided over a golden age of Anglo Saxon England. The History of England podcast covers the rise of Mercian supremacy, culminating in the reign of Offa. 4 Offa and a Golden Age of Anglo Saxon England Download 4 Offa and a.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 17 Minutes 09 Jan 2011

7th Century Wessex continues to grow, but has to fight with its Anglo Saxon neighbours to survive. Chrisitanity spreads throughout England, and Ine, one of Wessex's greatest early Kings, ends his reign in Rome. The History of England podcast looks at the 7th Century as Wessex finds its place amongst.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 19 Minutes 02 Jan 2011

The 3rd King of Wessex, Ceawlin, becomes Bretwalda - overlord of all the English. But his reign ends in chaos and disaster. This History of England Podcast coversthe period from 530 and 635, during which Wessex grows into a significant state, and Christianity arrives in town. Download Podcast 2 The.... . .

  Direct Link   Download 13 Minutes 24 Dec 2010

In 519, a man called Cerdic landed on the southern coast of England with 5 ships and a band of Saxon adventurers. 1,500 years later his descendants still provide the monarchs of England. This History of England Podcast covers Cerdic and the start of the kingdom he formed by 530..... . .

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