The Iroquois Confederacy. A Native American government with equal rights and representative government that left Europeans in bewilderment. Their influence affected the American free spirit and the modern day woman's rights movement. This show covers the culture, histories and legends of the Haudenosaunee.
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The 1794 Treaty of Canandaigua is one of the most important treaties in the history of the Haudenosaunee. It guarantees the rights of sovereignty for the Six Nations, while at the same time making huge land concessions. It is a treaty that has faced numerous violations throughout it's 200+ year existence. However, it is still one of the oldest unbroken agreements in United States history.. . .
Following the American Revolution dozens of Indigenous Nations are left to fend for themselves as British support evaporated. But from 1791 to 1792 the Ohio peoples would win battle after battle and not just win in those conflicts but wipeout entire American Armies.. . .
Simon Girty was a man larger than life. To Americans he was a vile traitor who killed the innocent with his savage friends. To the British he was a rough drunk but a useful tool. To the Iroquois and other Ohio Nations he was a prodigal son who was raised as a Brave and then returned to fight for his adopted people's freedom.. . .
After numerous requests we are back with two more Haudenosaunee animal tales. In the first Turtle leads a war party of misfit animals against Huk-sah, the Jungie. In the second Brown Owl and Weasel are featured in a dark story of revenge kindercide.. . .
General Washington gave command to John Sullivan in 1779 to outfit and lead an expedition into the Seneca-Cayuga homeland. It will be a scorched earth campaign that will leave almost the entire population of both the Seneca and Cayuga Nations homeless. Destitute of any food or clothing thousands will head to Fort Niagara for shelter.. . .
Spies are everywhere in 1778 on both sides of the conflict. Joseph Brant leads Iroquois forces against Patriot settlements throughout Upstate New York. Conversely American and Oneida soldiers launch counter attacks against Brant's supporting towns in Iroquoia.. . .
Forty-one members of the Oneida Nation traveled to Valley Forge, PA in the Spring of 1778. General George Washington greeted each individual in person and warmly. The warriors went on to assist the Marquis de Lafayette at the Battle of Barren Hill and Polly Cooper an Oneida woman brings her experience as a cook and healer to the needy Continental Army. Episode 42 is up ready for your ears.. . .
Following the American-Oneida victory at Fort Stanwix rifts grow deeper within the Six Nations. Over three-hundred members of the Haudenosaunee gather at Albany for a Conference. Just as it finishes however word arrives that Burgoyne's British army has crossed the Hudson River at Saratoga.. . .
British General Barry St. Ledger begins the siege of Fort Stanwix August 3, 1777. American General Herkimer is on his way to help. Joining him are a group of Oneida led by Two-Kettles-Together (Tyonajanegen) and her husband Han Yerry (Tewahangarahken).. . .
General John Burgoyne and Barry St. Ledger prepare to invade modern New York State from two different directions in 1777. Burgoyne will attack Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain while St. Ledger and Joseph Brant strike the Americans at Fort Stanwix in the heart of Iroquoia.. . .
With War in North America again imminent how will this Six Nations decide which side to take. This week we look at Akiatonharonkwen (Joseph Lewis Cook), Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) and Guyasuta and how they dealt with the gathering storm.. . .
We begin our series on the American Revolution. We discuss some of the influences the Six Nations had on the Founding Fathers were leading up to 1776. Also we say goodbye to Sir William Johnson and see the rise of two Mohawk siblings known as Joseph and Molly Brant.. . .
I appeal to any white man to say, if ever he entered Logan's cabin hungry, and he gave him not meat; if ever he came cold and naked, and he clothed him not. During the course of the last long and bloody war, Logan remained idle in his cabin, an advocate for peace. Such was my love for the whites, that my countrymen pointed as they passed, and said, Logan is the friend of white men. I had even thought to have lived with you, but for the injuries of one man. Col. Cresap, the last spring, in cold blood, and unprovoked, murdered all the relations of Logan, not sparing even my women and children. There runs not a drop of my blood in the veins of any living creature. This called on me for revenge. I have sought it: I have killed many: I have fully glutted my vengeance. For my country, I rejoice at the beams of peace. But do not harbour a thought that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt fear. He will not turn on his heel to save his life. Who is there to mourn for Logan? Not one. Logan of the Mingo was known as a kind and friendly man to all people both red and white in the Ohio Country. Then in 1774 his entire family was killed in cold blood. The aftermath would be what is known as "Lord Dunmore's War". . .
In December 1763 a group of miscreants known as "The Paxton Boys" led raids into Lancaster County. They murdered and mutilated an entire community of Iroquois Conestoga people. Men, women and children. A month later after the facts were gathered Benjamin Franklin wrote a lengthy article called "A Narrative of the Late Massacres" in which he chides the murders and also the colony of Pennsylvania as a whole for letting their apathy allow this horrible event to take place. In this short episode Andrew will read excerpts from Franklin's article.. . .
With the Seven Years War winding down. Jeffery Amherst the British Commander-in-Chief of North America has to reduce spending drastically. One of the things he cuts to almost zero is the budget for allied Native Nations. Also colonists begin pouring into the west in violation to the Treaty of Easton. A Seneca man named Guyasuta will try to resist these encroachments and a prophet named Neolin will inspire a pan-indigenous revival which in turn inspires an Ottawa man named Obwandiyag to drive out the British from the Great Lakes. The British however called him Pontiac.. . .
Today we have a very special extended episode. The first of its kind we have Steve Guerra from Beyond the Big Screen Podcast and The History of the Papacy Podcast. We join him in discussing the 1992 film "The Last of the Mohicans". We discuss context and historical accuracy. We hope you enjoy. And please listen to Steve's other shows. Links are provided below. https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/beyond-the-big-screen/id1238530113?mt=2 https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/history-of-the-papacy-podcast/id590968693?mt=2. . .
We are back with three stories that Haudenosaunee people tell. The first one is a short story on where stories come from. Then we have a tale about Bear and Buffalo. Finally we have Skunny-Wundy. A person who just can't help but tell everyone how great he is.. . .
Today we end our seven part series on the French and Indian War. The years 1759 and 1760 would see the end of all conflict in North America for the Seven Years War. This week we cover the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, how the Haudenosaunee united with the Canadian Iroquois against the French, the Battle of the Thousand Islands, the burning of the Onondaga village of Oswegatchi, the fall of Montreal and the Treaty of Paris in 1763 that forever changed the balance of power in North America.. . .
Braddock was defeated in Western Pennsylvania in 1755. The same time that he was bleeding out, two other armies were making their way through Iroquois territory towards French forts. Will they do any better? This week we cover how the Mohawk were involved in the Battle of Lake George and the Fall of Fort Bull.. . .
British General Edward Braddock launches an invasion into the Ohio Country in Summer of 1755. His aide George Washington is with him every step of the way. Despite a force of 2,100 English. He only is able to find 8 Mingo-Iroquois to join him. A lack of scouts will prove to be his doom.. . .
The Year is 1753 and the French, English, and the Mingo Iroquois are about to light a powder keg that will turn into a world war. A 21 year old soldier sets out to deliver a message with an Iroquois Viceroy to a French Fort.. . .
From 1701 to 1753 the Haudenosaunee used Diplomacy to strengthen and expand their Confederacy by holding trade and alliance councils with New France other North American tribes and many of the English Colonies.. . .
After the invasion by Col. Barnwell from South Carolina in 1712. The Lower Tuscarora have to deal with another colonial force in 1713. A show down at Fort Neoheroka will be one of the bloodiest massacres in American History.. . .
On September 21, 1711 500 Tuscarora and other Native American warriors strike against farms and homes in North Carolina. The conflict that ensues will be one of the deadliest in the history of Colonial America.. . .
For over a thousand years the Tuscarora lived in Central North Carolina. This week we cover how they arrived there, their culture and the political situations in 1710. We are proud to introduce the Sixth Nation.. . .
In 1710 Queen Anne of Great Britain and Ireland met with four Indian "Kings" Listen to this hilarious episode covering one of the largest deceptions of the 18th century. Four random Native American men will become Super Stars in London. Rich and poor alike, everyone wants to meet the Four Kings.. . .
Frontenac returns to New France as Governor in 1689. Over the next 8 years he will invade the English, Mohawk, Onondaga, and Oneida towns. How can they survive the seemingly never ending onslaught?. . .
This episode covers how Northeastern Native American Peoples used innovative technology in their everyday lives. We cover longhouses, palisades, canoes, pitch, tanning, snowshoes, trail markers, beds and much more. As well as... baby bottles. 7iy8n6pw. . .
In 1675 an argument about lack of payment between a colonist and the Doeg Indians sets a series of events in motion that launches Bacon's Rebellion. In the aftermath the Five Nations will fill the power vacuum and become a great power in the Northeast.. . .
How on earth did the Swedes end up in North America? This episode covers the complex diplomacy involving New Sweden, the English colonies, New Netherlands, the Susquehannock, the Lenape and the Five Nations.. . .
The French plan to deal with the Mohawk once and for all. By once and for all we mean it will take them three expeditions to finally make it to a Mohawk town. Will the Keepers of the Eastern Door survive the onslaught of a fully trained French army?. . .
The dwindling number of beavers in New York along with raids from other nations forces the Iroquois into wars in the West. Soon the Wenro, Neutrals and the Erie will just be footnotes in the history books.. . .
The Iroquois are nowhere and everywhere. As the Five Nations increase their influence they become a terror to the Huron Nations. Meanwhile Jesuit missionaries have arrived. They begin to try desperately to save the souls on both sides from hellfire.. . .
Henry Hudson sails for the flag of the Netherlands and finds the river that bears his name in 1609. Within a few years Dutch traders arrive to barter and acquire precious furs that are all the rage in Europe. The Five Nations make sure that they get the upper hand in the markets and begin to play the French and Dutch off each other.. . .
Today we share three stories told by the Seneca Nation. The first is humorous tale about Fox and Raccoon trying to find out which of them is more crafty. The second is a story of when Bear and Turtle decide to have a race. The last is the most famous of the Seneca stories that deals with their most revered site, Bare Hill.. . .
In 1609 a Mohawk war party is utterly routed. The reason? Guns. Samuel de Champlain the Father of New France accompanied his new Huron allies on a raid into the land of the Iroquois. Indian warfare was about to drastically change. In all Champlain was a part of three battles involving the Iroquois. Two with the Mohawk and the third was a show down outside the capital city of the Onondaga.. . .
Warfare was a way of life for everyone living in Northeastern America since before there was memory or record. Today we talk about how warfare was conducted pre-European contact. Also with the waves of epidemics destroying native populations the Iroquois Nations stepped up raids into neighboring regions looking for captives to assimilate into their communities.. . .
At the end of the 15th Century the Age of Discovery and Exploration was just beginning. In 1534 Jacques Cartier made contact with the Iroquoian peoples of the St. Lawrence River valley. It was all downhill from there. In fact things will never be the same. Old World pathogens will soon destroy anyone's way of life who happens to call the Americas home.. . .
The Six Nations were not alone on the continent. There were many other nationalities that inhabited the north eastern woodlands. This week we will talk about where the Huron, Erie, Neutrals, Susquehannock, Mahican, Delaware and other nations lived at the time of first contact with the Europeans.. . .
Pastimes that people do on the weekends was a way of life for the people of the Eastern Woodlands. Learn about the animals that were vital to the way of life in all Iroquoia. Today we will talk about deer drives, fishing, beaver trapping and .... bear raising?. . .
The Six Nations are further broken down into clans. Clans are represented by certain animals. The purpose is not to divide a nation but in fact to bring about unity and help in times of mourning. Join us as we learn how clans were a benefit to everyone in Iroquoia.. . .
The Five Nations of the Iroquois were locked in centuries of war, revenge killings, hate and cannibalism. Then a mysterious Huron man appeared on a quest to unite the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca peoples together under the Great Law of Peace. This would become the Iroquois Confederacy. A Native American government with equal rights and a representative government that left Europeans in bewilderment. These are the histories and legends of the Haudenosaunee. The People of the Longhouse.. . .