The China History Podcast

By Laszlo Montgomery

On Going since Jun 2010

Laszlo Montgomery presents topics covering 5,000 years of Chinese history and culture.

All Episodes

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 02 Nov 2019

The saga continues with the splintering of the Beiyang Army into factions or cliques who will battle each other for supremacy of the government. Hubei military governor Wang Zhanyuan will be examined as one of the textbook examples of how these generals evolved into warlords. Zhili Clique leaders Cao Kun and Wu Peifu will also be introduced.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 21 Oct 2019

The saga continues as the demise of Yuan Shikai is followed by the rise of Duan Qirui and Feng Guozhang. The Beiyang Military machine begins to crack into two main factions or cliques. This episode we will also hear about the exploits and imperial dreams of the Mafoo Warlord, Zhang Xun. And as the world mainly focused on the Great War in Europe, these two years of 1917-1918 were filled with so many momentous events in Republican China.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 06 Oct 2019

We looked at the setup for the Warlord Era last episode. This time in Part 2 we focus on the rise and fall of Yuan Shikai and all the measures he took between 1911-1916. These all primed the pump for the Warlord Era that followed his sudden death in June 1916.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 23 Sep 2019

After years of requests to cover this topic Laszlo finally gets around to the history of China's Warlord Era that lasted from 1916 to 1928 and into the Nanjing Decade. In this Part 1 episode Laszlo gives some background into the historical developments that led to the rise of, who some call, the first warlord, Yuan Shikai.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 09 Sep 2019

In this episode Laszlo introduces one of the great military heroes of the Ming Dynasty. Though rather well-known to Chinese who went through the public school systems of Greater China, little is known of him elsewhere. Qi Jiguang helped to rid the China coast of pirates (Wōkòu) and through his epic Great Wall restoration engineering project he kept the Mongol menace at bay and preserved the Ming Dynasty for an additional half century. His two military treatises were required reading into modern times and he contributed greatly to the introduction of Chinese martial arts into the military as a training regimen.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 60 Minutes 06 Sep 2019

In this special CHP episode produced in partnership with the 21st Century China Center at the University of California-San Diego, I am honored and privileged to host a discussion with the three editors of the new book "China Tripping - Experiencing the Everyday in the People's Republic." I hope you will delight in this program brought to you in two parts. It was both riveting and insightful for me to hear Paul Pickowicz, Perry Link and Jeremy Murray speak about the making of the book and listening to their own excerpts that were as brief as they were rich and meaningful. I hope you'll enjoy this as much as I enjoyed being the host. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781538123690/China-Tripping-Encountering-the-Everyday-in-the-People%E2%80%99s-Republic Jeremy A. Murray is Associate Professor of History at California State University, San Bernardino. Perry Link is Chancellorial Chair for Teaching Across Disciplines at the University of California, Riverside. Paul G. Pickowicz is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History and Chinese Studies at the University of California, San Diego.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 06 Sep 2019

In this special CHP Part 2 episode produced in partnership with the 21st Century China Center at the University of California-San Diego, I am honored and privileged to host a discussion with the three editors of the new book "China Tripping - Experiencing the Everyday in the People's Republic." I hope you will delight in this program brought to you in two parts. It was both riveting and insightful for me to hear Paul Pickowicz, Perry Link and Jeremy Murray speak about the making of the book and listening to their own excerpts that were as brief as they were rich and meaningful. I hope you'll enjoy this as much as I enjoyed being the host. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781538123690/China-Tripping-Encountering-the-Everyday-in-the-People%E2%80%99s-Republic Jeremy A. Murray is Associate Professor of History at California State University, San Bernardino. Perry Link is Chancellorial Chair for Teaching Across Disciplines at the University of California, Riverside. Paul G. Pickowicz is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of History and Chinese Studies at the University of California, San Diego.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 25 Aug 2019

Laszlo finally gets around to one of the most requested topics of all time. In this episode the history behind the Kowloon Walled City is introduced from its humble beginnings starting in the Southern Song to its later demolition during the early 1990's.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 11 Aug 2019

We finish off the series on the Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai by examining the lives of the three remaining women, Li Xianglan, Yao Li and Zhou Xuan. Yao Li sadly passed away only a month ago on July 19. I hope you enjoyed this little three-part overview covering the lives of many of these early 20th century singers and musicians who gave us this amazing sound that's still enjoyed by millions around the world. Check the links below or search for any of the seven stars introduced. Their music is freely available all over the internet and on Spotify.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 28 Jul 2019

In this second part of the series Laszlo and special guest Spun Counterguy introduce Bai Hong, Bai Guang, Gong Qiuxia and Wu Yingyin. These four superstars of that golden era of music and entertainment left behind a string of hits that still inspires feelings of reminiscence for those days gone by. Yao Li, who sadly passed away recently on July 19, 2019 as well as Li Xianglan and Zhou Xuan will be covered in Part 3.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 15 Jul 2019

In this latest CHP installment Laszlo finally gets around to introducing The Seven Great Singing Stars of old Shanghai whose performing skills on the silver screen and on 78 records provide us with a nostalgic glimpse of long gone and controversial era. In this Part 1 episode we will focus on the one who made it all possible, the talented Li Jinhui. Mr. Spun Counterguy from the "In the Corner Back By the Woodpile" podcast joins Laszlo to assist in telling this story. Next time in Part 2 we'll look at the first four of these Seven Great Singing Stars of 1930's and 40's Shanghai.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 30 Jun 2019

The CHP 8-Part series on the history of Tang Poetry concludes with this episode that looks at the lives of three more poets: Li He, Du Mu and Li Shangyin. And for an encore Laszlo will recite poems from all three of these greats. The Late Tang period of Chinese poetry was marked with all the signs of an imperial house in decline. It was a sad and melancholy time and quite a few Late Tang poems expressed the hopelessness felt during these sorrowful years.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 16 Jun 2019

In this seventh installment of the history of Tang poetry we move on to the Middle Tang period. While the poetry might not be as celebrated as that produced during the High Tang, there were still many figures beloved in their own time and all through the centuries. We'll look at three of them in this episode: Bai Juyi, Yuan Zhen and Xue Tao. Next episode we'll finish off the series with the Late Tang poets.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 02 Jun 2019

Laszlo finishes up the High Tang period of Chinese poetry. Wang Wei and Meng Haoran are showcased in this episode.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 19 May 2019

This is the Du Fu episode. Along with Li Bai, discussed last episode, he's considered the greatest poet in Chinese history. That's of course a matter of opinion. We'll take a brief look at the rough road Du Fu had to walk most of his years. In addition to looking at his life we'll hear a few of his regulated verse poems.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 05 May 2019

Li Bai is showcased in this fourth installment of Laszlo's not very deep dive into the history of Tang poetry. We're still in the High Tang period of Chinese poetry. This episode will focus more on Li Bai's story (and legend) rather than an in-depth analysis of his poetry. He, along with several other poets from this time are cultural icons and treasures of the Chinese people. Check the links and resources for other scholarly and biographical info on Li Bai, Du Fu and other great Tang poets. This episode is especially geared towards those CHP listeners who may have never heard these names before.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 21 Apr 2019

Finally in this part 3 episode Laszlo gets to the Tang poetry part of the series. After finishing up some of the good stuff that came out of the Six Dynasties, we'll get a first look at the Early and High Tang periods. More poets and more great poetry compilations will also be introduced. A lot of names and titles of works this episode. Feel free to check the terms from the episode and read up on some of them. Plenty of links to translated works of Classical Chinese poetry. If this series is piquing your interest, even a little, there's a whole world out there for you to explore.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 08 Apr 2019

In Part 2 Laszlo will finish up an overview of pre-Tang poetry and show where everything went from the Classic of Poetry and Songs of Chu. Fu rhapsodies, Yue Fu poetry and the works from the Jian'an era will be introduced. Tang poetry didn't arise out of nothing. It was the collective genius and creativity of all these pre and post-Qin Chinese literati who built the foundation that the Tang masters built on. Please come back for Part 3 where we'll finally get to the early Tang (maybe).. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 24 Mar 2019

In this first of a series introducing the history of the development of Chinese poetry, Laszlo focuses on the two most important works from Pre-Qin China. These were the Classic of Poetry and the Songs of Chu. Though we will not get to the Tang Dynasty in this episode, we'll look at what came prior and how each new style impacted newer emerging styles of poetry. The life of Qu Yuan and Chu Kingdom will also be introduced.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 09 Mar 2019

Laszlo continues his shallow dive into the Hokkien people with a focus on the history of the Hokkien diaspora who populated many cities and towns throughout Southeast Asia.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 26 Feb 2019

We're back in ancient times once again, this time looking at the homeland of the Hokkien people. As we've done with other groups of Southern Chinese (Teochew, Toi San, Hakka) this time Laszlo provides a broad overview of the people from the south of Fujian Province, the Hokkien or Hoklo people. Before we get into the Qing era diaspora, Laszlo focuses on how Fujian developed from a land populated by Yuè people to a part of Han Dynasty China with a focus on the Minyue Kingdom.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 10 Feb 2019

In this longer than expected Part 2 episode we look at Wellington Koo's role in the Paris Peace Conference and all the drama that surrounded this historic event from one hundred years ago. Then we'll look at the rest of Koo's career as a statesman, diplomat and later as a judge.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 27 Jan 2019

With the centenary of the Paris Peace Conference now upon us this month, I thought this would be the perfect opportunity to commemorate the event by introducing the life of Wellington Koo. In this first of a two-part series we will look at the historical events that shaped his early life and career. In this Part 1 episode we will look at the backstory and setup to the Conference. Then in Part 2 we will look at the dramatic events that went on between January and April 1919 as well as the latter half of Wellington Koo's life.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 12 Jan 2019

In this final episode of the series Laszlo introduces the Shanghai Ghetto, the final years of WWII and the aftermath. Please check the show notes at the web site for all kinds of books and videos from this period. Thanks to everyone who made it through all six episodes.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 30 Dec 2018

The drama continues with the final arrivals of European Jewish refugees into Shanghai, 1941-42. Afterwards, the China option, that had previously served as a safety net for Jews seeking refuge far from the Nazi's, was no longer available. Sugihara Chiune, Tadeusz Romer, Laura Margolis and others are also introduced in this episode. The series will conclude in the next episode.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 23 Minutes 17 Dec 2018

Laszlo looks at Japanese attitudes towards the Jews and how it affected their treatment in Shanghai. The focus will be on the year 1939, when the the greatest wave of Jewish refugees arrived in Shanghai. Then we will look at a little known tidbit from history concerning a plan championed by Sun Ke (son of Sun Yat-sen) to rescue of Europe's Jews.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 29 Nov 2018

This third episode in a series examining the history of the Jewish refugees who found sanctuary on the east coast of China, focuses on escalating events in Europe around 1938-1939. With the consolidation of Hitler's rise, it didn't bode well for many Jews. As the countdown to Kristallnacht gets closer the situation becomes more urgent and Shanghai as a destination becomes more popular. The great humanitarian He Fengshan (何凤山) will also be introduced.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 23 Minutes 18 Nov 2018

With the story of the Harbin Jews mostly out of the way, Laszlo moves on to the smaller and less known Jewish community of Tianjin. Then as the 1930's unfolds and after Hitler came to power, our story shifts to the European Jews. In this episode we'll look at the events leading up to Kristallnacht November 1938. In Part 3 we'll focus on 1938 and 1939.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 22 Oct 2018

Laszlo is back with a new series that looks at the history of the Jewish refugees who came to China during the first part of the twentieth century. In this episode, after a long drawn out intro that examines a bit of background on Jewish history, Laszlo explains how many Jews made their way to China to escape hard times back home. In the next episode the story will continue with more from Harbin, Tianjin and Shanghai. All Yiddish and Jewish terms from this episode can be found in the usual list of terms that accompanies each episode.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 01 Sep 2018

In commemoration of the American Labor Day Holiday, Laszlo brings you a rather forgotten tale from the annals of Chinese modern history. Discussed in previous CHP episodes, the Chinese Labour Corps played a thankless but critical role in the allied victory over Germany in WWI. Who could have predicted the series of events that would happen as a result of the story of these men and the subsequent peace treaty that didn't recognize them or their country. When it was over in early 1919, the Chinese people woke up and took appropriate action. Happy Labor Day!!! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 16 Aug 2018

In this episode Laszlo introduced the great Nederlander Robert van Gulik. In his relatively short life van Gulik made a name for himself as a scholar, diplomat and writer. His sixteen novels featuring the "stern but fair-minded" Judge Dee offered his worldwide readership a peak into 7th century Tang China society. Judge Dee was based on the historical person Di Renjie, an important official and minister of state during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian. Van Gulik was fascinated with the Chinese "gong'an" detective novel genre of literature and did a lot to popularize it around the world. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 52 Minutes 20 Jul 2018

Laszlo presents another story from the annals of Chinese-American history. This one takes place during the Exclusion years and spotlights the Chinese colony of Eastern Oregon. This is the story of Ing "Doc" Hay and his lifelong friend and business partner Long On, two Toi Son immigrants who built their American dream on the frontier. Ing Hay was a trained Chinese herbal doctor and pulsologist and he brought this unique skill to the American West. This isn't your typical American immigrant story but then again, Ing Hay and Long On weren't your typical immigrants. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 24 Jun 2018

We continue on from last episode's overview of the Chinese martial arts history timeline. Today we zero in on the history and (mostly) legends behind the Wing Chun style of king fu. We'll also look at Grandmaster Ip Man and all those Wing Chin greats who came before him going back to the founder Ng Mui (Wu Mei).I wanted to emphasize that almost all of what we know about Wing Chun today was passed down orally before it was written down late in its history. We only know the names of the great masters mentioned in this episode, through the stories and legends that were told and re-told to successive generations of Wing Chun martial artists. Thanks to Detroit attorney and unofficial Wing Chun ambassador Michael Benkstein for all the support and input that went into this series. And thanks also to Peter Söderbaum for his kind comments. . .

  Direct Link   Download 55 Minutes 16 Jun 2018

Don't be fooled by the title. Wing Chin and Ip Man will be covered next episode. Today's the first in a two part series that offers up a survey of the development of martial arts in China from the mythical times of the Yellow Emperor to the present day. Let's look at the China history timeline once more, with feeling, and see how these martial arts embraced by millions and millions around the world slowly developed through the centuries. This will serve as the setup to next episode when we zero in on one particular style of martial arts and one of its best known masters. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 11 May 2018

From Zhao Tuo to the present day, the history of the relations of these two great countries and frenemies is a great story. In this episode we enter the 20th century and explore the end of French domination in Indochina, Vietnam's fight to unify the country and the most recent Sino-Viet history. All three Indochina Wars will be discussed and the outcomes they produced. Although this six-part series was only a simple 走马看花 overview of the subject, I hope anyone not schooled in the basics of this history is leaving the table satisfied. Cảm ơn đã lắng nghe! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 01 May 2018

The series picks up in the early part of the Later Lê and finishes off in the 19th century with the arrival of La France and the beginnings of Indochine. Many heroes from Vietnam history will make appearances in this episode. Be sure to come back next time for the exciting conclusion of this overview of China-Vietnam Relation. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 13 Apr 2018

In this landmark two-hundredth episode Laszlo carries the story of China-Vietnam forward, beginning with the three Mongol invasions of Đại Việt during the Trần Dynasty. We'll get as far as the great (Later) Lê Dynasty founding emperor and resistance hero Lê Lợi. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 30 Mar 2018

The CHP series covering the history of China-Vietnam Relations continues with Part 3. This episode will take the history all the way up to the Tran Dynasty on the eve of the Mongol invasions from Yuan Dynasty China. Heroes from Vietnam history making an appearance in this episode include Ngô Quyền, Lê Hoàn, Lý Thái Tổ, Lý Thường Kiệt and Trần Thái Tông. Sorry about inundating everyone with this deluge of Chinese and Vietnamese names. I'll keep everything listed in the terms from each episode found on the webpage at teacup.media. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 25 Mar 2018

Shi Xie's impact on bringing Chinese culture to the Jiao region is discussed. For most of this period, Vietnam remained under the direct administrative control of China. Aside from a few quiet moments, there was sustained local unrest to deal with. Either local Viets were rising up against their Chinese overlords or there was a constant battle being fought with Lao, Linyi, Champa and other tribes, states, and kingdoms that surrounded Vietnam to the west and south. It was also a period where great Viet national heroes and heroines start getting written into the record. Sorry once again for the wooden sounding Vietnamese pronunciation. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 20 Mar 2018

In this first of a multipart series, Laszlo explores the ancient relationship between China and Vietnam. In this episode, the earliest days going back to Zhao Tuo and the Nanyue Kingdom are discussed. A thousand apologies for the poor editing job splicing the Vietnamese pronunciation. I'm hoping for an A for effort at least. The remaining episodes will go off more smoothly. Thank you for your understanding. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 27 Feb 2018

Laszlo finishes off this brief overview of The Honorable Company as tea takes center stage in the history. It's a very rough landing for the East India Company as their commercial rivals and political enemies gradually put an end to their winning run going back to the 17th century. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 24 Feb 2018

Maybe this isn't the most "China history flavored" topic but The Honorable Company did play a somewhat starring role during the Qing Dynasty starting from about the Jiaqing Emperor. In this first of a two-part series, I am offering you an overview of who they were, where they came from and how they came to be so hated by so many. I originally did this series for Cathay Pacific Airways' Inflight Entertainment system as an accompaniment to the "Taboo" miniseries starring Tom Hardy. And now I'm taking these leftovers out of the fridge, taking the foil off and after sixty seconds in the microwave....here it is....in two easy to digest parts. Enjoy!. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 21 Feb 2018

Maybe this isn't the most "China history flavored" topic but The Honorable Company did play a somewhat starring role during the Qing Dynasty starting from about the Jiaqing Emperor. In this first of a two-part series, I am offering you an overview of who they were, where they came from and how they came to be so hated by so many. I originally did this series for Cathay Pacific Airways' Inflight Entertainment system as an accompaniment to the "Taboo" miniseries starring Tom Hardy. And now I'm taking these leftovers out of the fridge, taking the foil off and after sixty seconds in the microwave....here it is....in two easy to digest parts. Enjoy! Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 57 Minutes 13 Feb 2018

In this episode, Laszlo looks at U.S. Immigration during the bad old days of Chinese Exclusion. The subject will be examined through the telling of the stories of three rather plain and non-extraordinary brothers from Haiyang Village in Toi San (Taishan in Mandarin). These three Moy brothers were featured in Scott Seligman's 2013 book "Three Tough Chinamen" (Earnshaw Books). In addition to the Chinese Exclusion laws, Laszlo briefly introduces the life of another Toisanese, Ng Poon Chew. And at no extra price, Laszlo also gives the history of the Taishan region a nice neat overview. Check the links below for more great reading.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 57 Minutes 12 Feb 2018

In this episode, Laszlo looks at U.S. Immigration during the bad old days of Chinese Exclusion. The subject will be examined through the telling of the stories of three rather plain and non-extraordinary brothers from Haiyang Village in Toi San (Taishan in Mandarin). These three Moy brothers were featured in Scott Seligman's 2013 book "Three Tough Chinamen" (Earnshaw Books). In addition to the Chinese Exclusion laws, Laszlo briefly introduces the life of another Toisanese, Ng Poon Chew. And at no extra price, Laszlo also gives the history of the Taishan region a nice neat overview. Check the links below for more great reading. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 28 Jan 2018

In a departure from the tried and true typical CHP episode, Laszlo looks at someone who set out to China in search of fame and fortune. He found fame amongst the one percent who were regulars at all the glitzy hotel ballrooms, dance halls, clubs and dives of 1920’s and 1930’s Shanghai. His story isn’t necessarily spectacular and no one wrote him into the history books. But let’s take a break from the usual fare to look at some of the stories going on in the background during the first half of the 20th century. This is one of the good ones I thought. And thanks to EarnshawBooks.com for bringing Whitey’s story back from the dead. Links below to their website as well as to Andrew Field’s site Shanghai Soujourns. Check it out. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 56 Minutes 27 Jan 2018

In this episode, Laszlo tries something new. This time we look at the life and times of Whitey Smith. Who?. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 06 Jan 2018

Laszlo emerges from the post-holiday festivities to finish off the series, picking up from the last episode of the life and work of Wang Yangming. The differences between the two main schools of Neo-Confucianism is further discussed: the Lu-Wang School of the Mind (Xinxue) and the Cheng-Zhu School of Principle (Lixue). We also saved philosopher Zou Yan and the Five Elements (Wuxing) for last. And that completes this nine-part set course meal in the History of Chinese Philosophy. If anything spoke to you, you're now armed and ready to do as many deeper dives into all these schools of thought as your heart desires.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 28 Dec 2017

This is an all Neo-Confucian episode. Last episode, Laszlo introduced three of the five founders of Neo-Confucianism: Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai. This time we finish off with the remaining two founders: the Cheng Brothers, Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi. And taking this rich harvest to the next level is Zhu Xi. The basic tenets of Neo-Confucianism are introduced, with a focus on lǐ (principle) and xīn (mind) and how these two concepts caused a great divide in the two main schools of Neo-Confucianism. Qì (life-force) is also examined, and how that fits into the big picture. The episode closes with an introduction to the extraordinary life of someone getting a lot of press these days in China, Wang Yangming, and his contributions to Neo-Confucianism.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 16 Dec 2017

In the late Han Dynasty, philosophy was a lot more complex than in Confucius's time. The focus in this episode is on philosophical thought in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). From the fall of the Han dynasty in 220, all the way through the Six Dynasties, Buddhism had spread quickly throughout the disunited kingdoms of China. By the time the father and son team of Yang Jian and Yang Guang stabilized and united China into a new empire in 589, Buddhism had taken root and appealed to the weary masses and the aristocrats. Later in the Tang Dynasty, Confucianism reasserted itself, and after the brilliant work of Han Yu, Li Ao and Liu Zongyuan, it set the stage for the third epoch in Confucianism during the Song dynasty. Laszlo also briefly introduces three of the founding fathers of Neo Confucianism, Zhou Dunyi, Shao Yong and Zhang Zai. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 11 Dec 2017

Laszlo gives the subject of Daoism, the Daodejing and the Zhuangzi a fresh makeover, covered before in an old China History Podcast episode from days gone by. The history of Daoism is explored as well as its main characters, Laozi and Zhuangzi, and what they called for in those dark Eastern Zhou times. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, but this episode only explores the former. The Xuanxue thinkers Wang Bi, Guo Xiang and Xiang Xiu are also discussed, as well as the Neo-Daoism that evolved in the Han. As Daoism and Confucianism evolved in China, side by side, there was occasionally some interesting overlap. Confucians from here on out actively explored ways to reconcile their philosophy with the other major contending schools of thought, Daoism and Buddhism.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 07 Dec 2017

Legalism takes front and center stage in this episode. After the conquest of the competing Warring States in 221 BCE by Qin Shihuang, a new ideology was embraced by the new Chinese state. The Legalist philosophers Shang Yang, Shen Buhai, Shen Dao, Han Fei and Li Si are all introduced as well as their individual and collective contributions in laying the Legalist foundations for what was to follow in the Qin dynasty, and over the next two thousand years of imperial Chinese history. Laszlo also shows what happened to Legalism right after the Qin Emperor met his untimely end, and how this led to Confucianism's greatest triumph in the Han dynasty thanks to Dong Zhongshu and others.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 01 Dec 2017

Laszlo is back on track, picking up where we left off in part two following the death of Master Kong in 479 BCE. A lot happened in the world of Chinese philosophy right after Confucius passed. He had both disciples who carried on his teachings, and naysayers who pointed to flaws in this Ru School of philosophy and offered an alternative kind of thought. As the countdown to the milestone year of 221 BCE gets nearer, a hundred schools of thought contended like never before, each offering their solutions to the tumultuous and bloody times of the latter half of the Eastern Zhou dynasty. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 24 Nov 2017

Although covered before in an old China History Podcast episode, Laszlo takes the Yi Jing (I Ching, sometimes called the ‘Book of Changes’) off the shelf for a total makeover and freshening up. In this brief detour along the history timeline, Laszlo picks the Yi Jing apart and offers up both a history of this timeless classic as well as a brief intro about how it works and the role it plays in the life of some people. The Yi Jing is a book with a lot of staying power and has been kept as a handy reference guide for hundreds of millions of people over the millennia. Listen to what it's all about and see for yourself if the Yi Jing can serve you:. . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 17 Nov 2017

In this second helping of Laszlo's overview of the history of Chinese philosophy, the Great Sage himself is the center of focus. Arguably China's most famous citizen of all time, Confucius (and his disciples) created an ideology and political system that had incredible lasting power. Part two examines the stories surrounding Confucius's life growing up and operating in the State of Lu during the last decades of the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou Dynasty. In addition to the trials and tribulations faced by Master Kong in his day, the basic tenets of Confucianism are introduced.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 10 Nov 2017

After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 52 Minutes 11 May 2017

Laszlo finishes off the overview of the Rape of Nanking as well as the stories of John Rabe, Robert O. Wilson, Minnie Vautrin, Rev. William Magee and others who directed the Nanjing Safety Zone during the worst weeks of the atrocities. The aftermath of the Nanjing Massacre is also examined. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: The Nanjing Safety Zone Nánjīng Ānqúan Qū 南京安全区 Jīnlíng Women's College 金陵女子大学 Now part of Nanjing Normal University Jīnlíng 金陵 ancient name of Nanjing during the Zhou Dynasty Zhū Dé 朱德 Red Army founder Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Great PLA general and later defense minister Nana-san-ichi Butai 731部队 Unit 731, based in Harbin General Shiro Ishii 石井四郎 Director of Unit 731 Joseph Mengele The German version of Shiro Ishii. Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 The Nanjing Massacre Okamura Yasuji 岡村宁次 Japanese general who led the brutal Three All’s Policy to Kill all, Burn all, Loot all Yasukuni Shrine 靖国神社 Shinto shrine that commemorates those who died for the Empire of Japan Shì shí qiú shì 实事求是 seek truth from facts, originally from the ancient Book of Han, later made famous by Chairman Mao and then even more famous by Deng Xiaoping. LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 11 May 2017

By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre. This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons. Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre. It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre. Zēng Guófán 曾国藩 1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion. Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正 PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations. Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer. Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking. Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi) Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase. Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928. Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931 Jiǔyībā 九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931 Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo. Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932. Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located. Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place. Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang Zhōu Dynasty 周朝 Ancient dynasty of China Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧 NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek. Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames). Jiāng-Zhè 江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945. Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province Táng Shēngzhì 唐生智 Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing Sūn Quán 孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu. Matsui Iwane 松井石根 Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾 Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989 Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito. Ānhuī 安徽 Province in central China LINKS: Iris Chang, "The Rape of Nanking - The Forgotten Holocaust if World War II" "The Good German of Nanking - The Diaries of John Rabe" Jay Taylor, "The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China" Rana Mitter, "Forgotten Ally: China's World War II 1937-1945" Honda Katsuichi, "The Nanjing Massacre: A Japanese Journalist Confronts Japan's National Shame" Sinica Podcast April 7, 2015 with Lucy Hornby "Comfort Women and the struggle for reparations" Isaac Meyer's excellent History of Japan Podcast YouTube link to the Nanking movie mentioned in CHP-183 Nanjing Massacre Part 2. . .

  Direct Link   Download 66 Minutes 03 Apr 2017

After more than 40 days wandering in the desert Laszlo is back with a topic that languished on the list for more than six years. At last the early years of Russia-China relations can see the light of day (here at Teacup Media, that is). As you can see, this is another one of those hour plus episodes that was not long enough for two episodes and a bit overly long for one. Basically this covers the beginnings back in the late Ming when they first met and mostly in the Qing where all the history happened. This isn't a particularly deep dive on the subject. I first give you a 走马看花 view of the history of Russia's expansion east and how they ended up on the doorstep of Manchuria. Hope you don't mind. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to last dynasty in Chinese Imperial history 1368-1644 Lóngqìng 隆庆 Ming Dynasty Emperor (1567-1572) Wànlì 万里 Son of Longqing Emperor, reigned a long time 1572-1620 Qing Dynasty 清朝 Last imperial dynasty in China 1644-1912 Xīnjiāng 新疆 Autonomous Region in the northwest of China, formerly referred to as Chinese Turkestan Hēilóng Jiāng 黑龙江 The Black Dragon River (The Amur, and name of Heilongjiang Province) Shùn Zhì 顺治 First emperor of the Qing Dynasty, 1643-1661 Pǔyí 溥仪 The Last Emperor, a.k.a. The Xuantong Emperor, reigned 1908-1912 Northern Sòng 北宋 The first half of the Song Dynasty, lasted from 960-1126 Kāngxī 康熙 Long reigning Qing Emperor, 1661-1722 Jiāyùguān 嘉峪关 The western terminus of the Great Wall of China Songgotu (Suǒ'étú) 索额图 Manchu diplomat during the reign of Kangxi Qiánlóng 乾隆 Another long reigning Qing emperor, 1735-1796 Treaty of Nanjing 南京条约 The marquee "Unequal Treaty" signed in 1842 Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 Rebel leader responsible for the Taiping Rebellion Jīntián, Guangxi 广西金田 Place where the Taiping Rebellion was launched Tàipíng Rebellion 太平天国运动 A bloody Rebellion and Civil War all in one, 1850-1864 Hēihé 黑河 City in northeast Manchuria (Heilongjiang) formerly known as Aigun Aìhún 瑷珲 Now called Heihe, formerly called Aigun, site of the signing of the Treaty of Aigun. Yìshān 奕山 Manchu diplomat who was forced into signing the Treaty of Aigun Qíshàn 琦善 Manchu diplomat also forced to sign unequal treaties Lín Zéxú 林则徐 Chinese hero who stood up to the foreign traders and torched their opium Hǔmén 虎门 Located on "The Bogue" in Guangdong, site where Lin Zexu burned the opium Guǎngdōng 广东 Southern province in China Convention of Chuenbi 穿鼻草约 (Chuānbí Cǎoyuē) signed 1841, never ratified. Ili 伊犁 (Yīlí) Town, valley and river name at the northwest border of Xinjiang - Kazakhstan Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 (1812-1885) Military leader and statesman from Hunan Li-Lobanov Treaty 中俄密约 (known as the Zhōng É Mìyuē ), signed 1896 Lǐ Hóngzhāng 里鸿章 Co-signer of the Li-Lobanov Treaty), Chinese diplomat and statesman Liaotung Peninsula 辽东半岛 (Liáodōng Bàndǎo) The tip of peninsular Liaoning Province Lǚ Dà Zūdì Tiáoyuē 旅大租地条约 Convention for the Lease of the Liaotung Peninsula at Dalian (大连) Port Arthur Also known as Lüshunkou (旅顺口), Port located at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsula Qīngdǎo 青岛 Scenic city in Shandong, once a German concession Wēihǎiwèi 威海卫 Another scenic city in Shandong, once a British concession, today known simply as Weihai 威海 If you'd like to brush up on your Russian History, may I recommend an old stalwart of mine: MARK SCHAUSS, PRESENTER OF THE RUSSIAN RULERS PODCAST I call it "The CHP of Russian History". . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 20 Feb 2017

Many people don't know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries. We'll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties. We'll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Āluóběn 阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang'an in 635 CE Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 "A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China" or "The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China." Jǐngjiào 景教 Nestorian Christianity Tiānzhǔjiào 天主教 Roman Catholicism "the religion of the Lord of Heaven" Dōngzhèngjiào 东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth” Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism Jīdū 基督 Christ jiào 教 religion or teaching Xīn Jiào 新教 the New religion Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder Táng Tàizōng 唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin Fáng Xuánlíng 房玄龄 Chancellor under Taizong Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou Dù Rúhuì 杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling Cháng'ān 长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian) Jǐngjìng 景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele Dàqín 大秦 Rome Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang'an Jǐngjiào bēi 景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet) bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument. Fùpíng County Shaanxi 陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping. Bēilín Bówùguǎn 碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian Xīān Wénchāng Gate 西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian Táng Wǔzōng 唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846 Huáng Cháo Uprising 黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty. Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing Dàdū 大都 Great Capital...other name for Khanbaliq Hàn Wǔdì 汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE Xiàmén 厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian Quánzhōu 泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian Zhū Yuánzhāng 朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor - reigned 1368-1398 Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty. Xú Guāngqǐ 徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China. Yáng Tíngyún 杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China Dorgan 多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor Shùnzhì 顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661 Kāngxī 康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722 Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor Luō Guànzhōng 罗贯中 Author of the classic novel "Romance of the Three Kingdoms MATT SHEEHAN'S CHINAFORNIA NEWSLETTER - CHECK IT OUT HERE JOHN ZHU'S THREE KINGDOMS PODCAST - Click here and check it out Click here for Laszlo's past episode CHP-098-Ricci, Schall von Bell and Verbiest. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 29 Jan 2017

Thanks to Carole in Virginia for giving me enough of a push to get this episode finally produced. This might have been one of the first ten topics I came up with when I began writing the original list back in 2010. The history of silk is really an amazing testament to humankind's ingenuity and the randomness of life since Neolithic times. I hope you enjoy this episode. It turned out to be a much greater story than I was ever aware of. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Shén Nóng 神农 The Divine Farmer, god of agriculture and many other things Qīng Dynasty 清朝 The last imperial dynasty in China - 1644-1911 Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平 Chairman of China Bridge Association and great Chinese leader during 20th century Míng Dynasty 明朝 Second to the last dynasty...1368-1644 Táng 唐朝 Dynasty in China 618-907 Ānhuì 安徽 Province in China Fújiàn 福建 Province in China Sòng Dynasty 宋朝 Dynasty in China....960-1279 Yǎngsháo Wenhua 仰韶文化 Yangshao Culture in China..5000 to 3000 BCE more or less Yángshuò County 阳朔县 One of the great sightseeing centers of China, near Guilin Zhèngzhōu 郑州 City in Henan Qīngtaí 清台村 Village in the northwest corner of Zhengzhou on the south bank of the Yellow River Huāxià 华夏 The collective tribes that made up ancient core Han Chinese civilization Xià County 夏县 County in south Shanxi on the border with Henan Shānxī province 山西省 Province in China Qiánshānyàng 钱山漾 town at the south end of Lake Tai near Húzhōu Shāng Dynasty 商朝 China's first "official dynasty," lasted from 1600 to 1046 BCE Huángdì 黄帝 The Yellow Emperor Xī Líng Shì 西陵氏 The discoverer of silk and the primary wife of the Yellow Emperor Léi Zǔ 嫘祖 Other name of Xi Ling Shi by which she is more commonly known Cán Nǎinai 蚕奶奶 The Goddess of Silkworms Cán 蚕 a silk-worm Kǒngfūzǐ 孔夫子 Confucius Shǐ Jì 史记Records of the Grand Historian Lǐ Jì 礼记 Book of Rites nǚgōng 女红 the feminine arts Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu Province Nánjīng 南京 Capital city of Jiangsu province Chéngdū 成都 The capital city of Sichuan province Zhāng Qiān 张骞 Great Western Han Dynasty adventurer, instrumental in getting the Silk Road up and running Hàn Wǔdì 汉武帝 Great Western Han Dynasty emperor Wǔyí Mountains 武夷山 Mountains in northern Fujian where some of the best tea in the world comes from Hétián 和田 Formerly called Khotan...a great trading kingdom in present day Xinjiang Jìn Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty in China: 265-420 CE Suí 隋朝 Dynasty in China from 581-618 Cháng'ān 长安 Present day Xian in Shaanxi Province Qiánlóng 乾隆 Emperor during the heyday of the Qing Dynasty, 1735-1796 Frank Lavin's new World War II book: "Home Front to Battlefront" Web Site: EXPORT NOW if you're looking to break into the China online market with your product. Website for SupChina.com ......everything you need to know to stay on top of China news......Only 3 minutes is all it takes (unless you read ALL the articles). . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 10 Jan 2017

In part two of this series examining the forgotten life of William Mesny, we hear the second half of his story in China. We're mostly using author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin" TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chéngdū 成都 Capital city of Sichuan Khampa 康巴 Area in eastern Tibet bordering Sichuan Yúnnán 云南 Southwestern province of China Huí 回族 Musilm ethnic minority Guìlín 桂林 Beautiful city in Guangxi Lí River 漓江 River running through Guilin Liǔzhōu 柳州 City in Guangxi Róngshûi 融水 City near Liuzhou Róng’ān 融安 City near Liuzhou Dānzhōu 丹州 City near Liuzhou Miao 苗族 Known as the Hmong in the US, one of China's ethnic minorities Yáo 瑶族 one of China's ethnic minorities Dòng 侗族 one of China's ethnic minorities Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 Successful Qing era general Guìyáng 贵阳 Capital of Guizhou Chóngqìng 重庆 Formerly part of Sichuan, now a Municipality Lánzhōu 兰州 Capital of Gansu Zhìlǐ 治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Qīnghǎi 青海 Province in West China Gānsù 甘肃 Province in West China Níngxià 宁夏 Province in West-Central China Shǎolín Temple 少林寺 Famous temple in China Tàiyuán 太原 Capital of Shanxi Shānxī 山西 Province in China Bǎodìng 保定 City in Hebei Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 Chinese military leader and diplomat and signer of more than a couple unequal treaties. Zhuōzhōu 涿州 City south of Beijing in Hebei Zhāng Zhīdòng 张之洞 Reforming governor of Shanxi Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi Qínlǐng Mountains 秦岭山 Mountain chain in southern Shaanxi Kūnmíng 昆明 Capital of Yunnan Dōngjīng 东京 Eastern Capital. Can mean Tokyo or Tungking (N. Vietnam) Anhui 安徽 Province in Eastern China Hefei 合肥 Capital of Anhui Guǎngxī 广西 Province in southern China Xinjiang 新疆 Province in northwest China Shaanxi 陕西 Province in north-central China Huangxing Road 黄兴路 Road in Hankou The Mercenary Mandarin - amazon link to the book Link to Blacksmith Books Link to one of Mesny's Chinese Miscellany (Vol IV) Link to John Pomfrets book "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom". . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 10 Jan 2017

In this first part of a two-part series we examine the forgotten life of William Mesny. Drawing from author David Leffman's 2016 book "The Mercenary Mandarin," Laszlo discusses an unknown character from the bad old days of late Qing Dynasty China. Though he never made it to the history books, he nonetheless witnessed and took part in a lot of it. Through Mesny we can once again wander through some of Imperial China's worst years. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qīng 清朝 The Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Bǎinián guóchǐ 百年国耻 China's Century of Humiliation Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 Famous Chinese military man and diplomat Màishìní Huá-yīng Huìtōng 麦士尼华英会通 "Mesny's Chinese Miscellany" Sòng 宋朝 The Song Dynasty Tàipīng Tiāngguó 太平天国 Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Hóng Xiùquán 洪秀全 The head of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Guǎngxī 广西 Province in Southwest China Húnán 湖南 Province on Central China Cháng Shèng Jūn 常胜军 The Ever-Victorious Army Zhìlǐ 治理 Old province of China that no longer exists Húguǎng 湖广 Hubei - Hunan and surrounding areas Liǎngguǎng 两广 Guangdong - Guangxi Wǔhàn 武汉 Capital City of Hubei Province Zhènjiāng 镇江 City in southwest Jiangsu Sūzhõu 苏州 City in Jiangsu, called the Venice of China Bǎoyīng 宝应 County in central Jiangsu Jiāngsū 江苏 Coastal province in China Yángzhōu 扬州 City in Jiangsu Nânjīng 南京 Capital city of Jiangsu Hànkǒu 汉口 City in Hubei, the "Han" in Wuhan Wǔchāng 武昌 City in Hubei, the "Wu" of Wuhan Hànyáng 汉阳 City in Hubei, part of Wuhan Chóngqìng 重庆 Used to be part of Sichuan, now a municipality Niǎn Jūn Qǐyì 捻军起义 The Nian Rebellion lasted from 1851 – 1868. Miáo Rebellion 苗民起义 Three different rebellions share this name Guìzhōu 贵州 Mountainous interior province in West China Zuǒ Zōngtáng 左宗棠 Famous and very successful general during the Qing Dungan Revolt 同治回辩 Tóngzhì Huí Biàn Another in a long line of Muslim wars , this one against Yaqub Beg in the northwest of China. Xīnjiāng 新疆 Province in northwest China Zūnyì 遵义 City in Guizhou Táng Jiǒng 唐炯 Governor of Sichuan and early benefactor of Mesny Chóng'ān River 崇安河 River in Guizhou where Mesny's bridge stands Shāndōng 山东 Coastal province in China Jìnán 济南 Capital city of Shandong Dīng Bǎozhēn 丁宝桢 Governor of Sichuan Province Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng 宫保鸡丁 Kung Pao Chicken Gōng Bǎo 宫保 Palace Guardian. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 29 Nov 2016

In this episode Laszlo explains a little about the "Gagi Nang", the 自己人, known the world over as the Teochew (Chiu Chow or Chaozhou) people. Like the Hakka people, the Teochew's were originally from the Yellow River Valley and migrated to their present location on the Guangdong coast via Fujian province. Their language and culture is unique. Their food and Chaozhou culture is celebrated in more places than Chaozhou and not just by the people from that region. There are Chaozhounese people on every continent except maybe Antarctica. They're a proud group of people with a collective track record that is admirable by any standards of human achievement. The only mentions in this episode were of the Teochew's of South East Asia and the US. There are plenty of other lesser known or unknown histories of Teochew's in Canada, Europe, Mexico, Central and South America and of course Australia and New Zealand. The great 19th century Chinese diaspora is filled with stories, legends and historic events. The Chiu Chow people are a major part of everything that happened. They contributed not only to the society and the economy of their adoptive homelands, they still kept their ties with the eight districts of Chao-Shan. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Teochew People 潮州人 Gaginang 自己人 What Teochew's call themselves in their dialect ("Our People") Hakka People 客家人 Chaozhou 潮州 Mandarin pronunciation Chiu Chow 潮州 Cantonese pronunciation Chaoshan 潮汕 The term for the Chaozhou-Shantou-Jieyang region Shantou 汕头 Port city of the Chaoshan region Swatow 汕头 Shantou in the Teochew dialect Jieyang 揭阳 The 3rd city to make up the Chaoshan region Meizhou 梅州 Homeland of the Hakka people, located in Guangdong Jin Dynasty 晋朝 Dynasty that ran 265-420 CE Jürchen Jin dynasty 金朝 The dynasty that replaced the Northern Song 1115-1234 Henan 河南 Province of China Shanxi 山西 Province of China Han River 韩江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Huanggang River 黃冈河 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Rong River 榕江 One of the three rivers of Chaoshan Wu Hu 五胡 The Five Barbarian tribes Han Dynasty 汉朝 Ancient dynasty of China 206 BCE - 220 CE Xiongnu 匈奴 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Xianbei 鲜卑 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jie 羯 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Qiang 羌 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia (and Tibet) Di 氐 People from the northern steppe of Central Asia Jiangnan 江南 South of the Yangzi River (Southern China) Tang dynasty 唐朝 Dynasty of China 618 - 907 Fujian 福建 Southeast coastal province of China Quanzhou 泉州 City in southern Fujian Putian 莆田 City in southern Fujian Yuan dynasty 元朝 Mongol-run Dynasty of China 1271-1368 Guangdong province 广东 Southernmost province of continental China Wu 沪 The dialect of Shanghai and the surrounding region Yue 粤 The Cantonese dialect Xiang 湘 The Hunanese dialect Gan 赣 The dialect of the Jiangxi region Hakka 客家 The dialect of the Hakka people Min 闽 The dialects of Fujian Min River 闽江 The main river of Fujian Minbei 闽北 North of the Min River Minnan 闽南 South of the Min River Hokkien 福建 Pronunciation of Fujian in the local dialect (and the people of course) Xiamen 厦门 Major city in south Fujian Zhangzhou 漳州 Major city in south Fujian Hoklo 福佬 Cantonese for Fujian people Fulao 福佬 The Mandarin pronunciation of Hoklo He Luo 河洛 (also 河老) Another way of writing Hoklo Fujian ren 福建人 Someone from Fujian Hoa Kieu 华侨 Overseas Chinese (Vietnamese) Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 First emperor of China 220 - 210 BCE Nanhai Commandery 南海郡 The 郡 or commandery located in southern Guangdong Zhou dynasty 周朝 Ancient dynasty of China 1046 - 256 BCE Zhao Tuo 赵陀 Former Qin general who set up the Nanyue Kingdom in Southern China and Northern Vietnam Nanyue Kingdom 南越国 A kingdom that lasted from 204 - 111 BCE Han Emperor Wu 汉武帝 Han Dynasty emperor whose forces conquered the Nanyue and reigned 141 - 87 BCE Sui 隋 Dynasty in China that preceded the Tang 581 - 618 CE Emperor Wen of Sui 隋文帝 Founding emperor of the Sui Chao Prefecture 潮州 Set up in 590, where Chaozhou got its name Zhou 州 An ancient name for a prefecture Chao’an County 潮安县 Set up during the Republic of China Wenhua 文化 culture Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 Qing emperor reigned 1735-1796 Taiping Rebellion 太平天国运动 Violent upheaval in China lasting from 1850-1864 She Youjin 佘有进 Seah Eu Chin 1805 - 1883 - early Singapore Teochew community leader She 佘 A Chinese surname (rhymes with 蛇) Yu 余 The Chiense surname Yu......but compare it to the She above. Liu Song Dynasty 刘宋朝 Dynasty in southern China during the Nanbei Chao 420-479 Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasties period Ngee Ann Kongsi (Yi'an Gongsi) 義安公司 Charitable foundation in Singapore Chaozhou Bayi Huiguan 潮州八邑会馆 The Singapore Eight Districts Association Chaoshan cai 潮汕菜 Term used to describe the food of the Chaoshan region Rougucha 肉骨茶 a kind of a Chaozhou style meat soup Lushui E 卤水鹅 Fine tasting Chaozhou goose dish....dip it in vinegar...The Ultimate umami! dongxie 潮州冻蟹 A kind of crab in the shell (of course) eaten cold Yao Ming 姚明 China basketball great and NBA superstar. Also a major anti-shark's fin soup crusader. Yulu 鱼露 Nước mắm in Vietnamese, Fish Sauce in English Shacha Sauce 沙茶醬 made from soybean oil, shallots, dried fish, dried shrimp and a nice kick of chili and garlic. Satay sauce Chaozhou Guotiao 潮州粿条 hủ tiếu in Vietnamese, often spelled in English "Kway Teow" Gongfu cha 工夫茶 A kind of tea service and traditional Chaozhou tea custom. Tieguanyin 铁观音 The preferred tea for Chaozhou style gongfu tea. Dancong Cha 蚕丛茶 Another kind of tea from the Chaoshan region of Guangdong. Not easy to get. Chao Ju 潮剧 Chaozhou Opera Nanxi 南戏 Southern Drama that was popular during the Later Song Kun Qu 昆曲 Kun opera, the oldest form of Chinese opera Tan 陈 Teochew for Chen, the #1 most popular Teochew surname Lim 林 Teochew for Lin, the #2 most popular Teochew surname Ng 黄 Teochew for Huang, the #3 most popular Teochew surname Goh 吴 Teochew for Wu, the #4 most popular Teochew surname Tay 郑 Teochew for Zheng, the #5 most popular Teochew surname Li 李 Teochew for Li, the #6 most popular Teochew surname Sir Li Ka-shing 李嘉诚爵士 Featured in CHP episode 13. Wang Jianlin 王健林 Asia's reigning champion for richest man, founder and chairman of the Dalian Wanda Group. Guangyuan 广元 Town in northeast Sichuan province Wu Zetian 武则天 Amazing lady from the Tang dynasty, China's only real true empress Joseph Lau 劉鑾雄 Boss of Chinese Estates Holdings Lim Por-yen 林百欣 Lin Baixin... Boss of the Lai Sun Group Albert Yeung...杨受成 Yang Shoucheng The main guy at the Emperor Group Vincent Lo... 罗康瑞 Luo Kangrui of Sino Land (who gave us Shanghai's Xintiandi) Xie Guomin 谢国民 Dhanin Chearavanont - Thailand's richest man and CP Group boss (sorry for mispronouncing his name) Ma Huateng 马化腾 Pony Ma, founder of Ten Cent (騰訊控股有限公司) who gave us WeChat and QQ David Tran 陈德 Họ Trần Legendary founder of the company that gave us Sriracha sauce with the green bottle cap. Huy Fong Foods 汇丰食品公司 David Tran's company, located in Irwindale, California Zou ma kan hua 走马看花 To look at the flowers while riding a horse....a very superficial view. Charles Antoine de Rouve and Jerome Scemla directed documentary La Guerre du Thé...Tea Wars LINK TO WEBSITE John Pomfret's new book Amazon link to "The Beautiful Country and the Middle Kingdom" PLEASE ALSO CHECK OUT: THE CHINA VINTAGE HOUR AND THE CHINESE SAYINGS PODCAST BOTH ARE NEW SHOWS FROM TEACUP MEDIA. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 27 Oct 2016

In this 175th episode Laszlo gives the great Northern Song jack-of-all-literary-trades Su Dongpo the once over. This isn't meant to be a deep dive into the reasons for all his renown in literature, calligraphy and painting. Instead, this is just a "popular Chinese historical" overview of who he was and the times he lived in. And for those who never heard of him, this is a good intro. In America we have Washington Irving, Mark Twain, Hemingway and so on. In China....Su Shi would be mentioned when rattling off their best of the best. He was definitely a major guy not only in the Song, but in the overall world of Chinese culture as well. The list of terms from this episode is particularly long this time. You can see them below in the approximate order of their mention. If you're interested to check out some of his poetry, here's an amazon link to a book of his poems translated by Burton Watson: Selected Poems of Su T'ung-P'o TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 1007-1072 Northern Song statesman, historian, calligrapher, literatus extraordinaire Wang Xizhi 王羲之 Called arguably the greatest Chinese calligrapher Zhou 周 1046 BCE - 256 BCE Ancient dynasty of China Han 汉 206 BCE - 220 CE Ancient dynasty of China Jin 晋 265-420 Ancient dynasty of China Sui 隋 581-618 Ancient dynasty of China Tang 唐 618-907 Ancient dynasty of China Song 宋 960-1279 Ancient dynasty of China Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song dynasty 960-1127 Northern Song 北宋 960-1127 Huizong 徽宗 The Northern Song emperor who "lost China" to the Jürchens Su Dongpo 苏东坡 1037 - 1101 Our subject in this episode Su Shi 苏轼 Su Dongpo's birth name Tang Song Ba Da Jia 唐宋八大家 "Eight Great Men of Letters of the Tang and Song Dynasty Han Yu 韩愈 768-824 - Tang essayist and poet. Major influence in development of Chinese literature Liu Zongyuan 柳宗元 773-819 Tang waster of prose and poetry Su Xun 苏洵 1009-1066 - Great man of letters and Father of Su Shi and Su Zhe Su Zhe 苏辙 1039-1112 - Brother of Su Shi, also a great man of letters Wang Anshi 王安石 1021-1086 - Song statesman and father of far reaching reforms. Also a great literary figure in his day. Zeng Gong 曾鞏 1019-1083 - Great prose master of the Song Hangzhou 杭州 Capital of Zhejiang and of dynasties past. Su Dongpo served there twice Zhejiang 浙江 Province in east China Meishan 眉山 City south of Chengdu, birthplace of the Three Su's, Su Xun, Su Dongpo and Su Zhe. Min River 岷江 Yangzi tributary river in Sichuan, famous for the Duijangyan irrigation system Leshan 乐山 City in Sichuan Ya'an 雅安 Great tea city near Chengdu in Sichuan Chengdu 成都 Ancient capital of Shu Kingdom, now capital of Sichuan jinshi 进士 The highest degree that allowed you to fill the top positions in government Wang Fu 王弗 1039-1065 - First wife of Su Dongpo Henan 河南 Province in north China where it all began doucha 斗茶 "Tea Battles" that were popular during the Song Wang Runzhi 王闰之 1048-1093 2nd wife of Su Dongpo Su Di 苏堤 the Su Causeway across West Lake in Hangzhou Xin Fa 新法 The New Policies championed by the Shenzong Emperor and Wang Anshi Shenzong 神宗 1048-1085 - Northern Song Emperor and Wang Anshi supporter Sima Guang 司马光 1019-1086 Conservative Song scholar and official, writer of the Zizhi Tongijan Luoyang 洛阳 City in Henan and former ancient capital of past dynasties. Cheng Yi 程颐 One of the pride of Luoyang, Chinese philosopher Zizhi Tongjian, the "Comprehensive Mirror in Aid of Governance" A monumental historical work covering Chinese history from 403 BCE to 959 CE Wutai Poem Incident 乌台诗案 In 1079, a poem by Su Shi got him in trouble and exiled fron the capital. Huangzhou 黄州 Former name of Huanggang, now a district of that city Hubei 湖北 Central province in China, capital is at Wuhan Huanggang 黄冈 City just east of Wuhan in Hubei Province Dongpo 东坡 Eastern slope Dongpo Jushi 东坡居士 Dongpo, the retired scholar or Buddhist. Chibi Fu 赤壁赋 Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Hou Chibi Fu 后赤壁赋 The Later Ode to Red Cliffs, famous poem by Su Shi Nian Nujiao Chibi Huaigu 念奴娇赤壁怀古 Remembering Chibi, Su Shi's third poem in this series about Red Cliffs Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮 Great Shu-Han strategist during Three Kingdoms Period Lu Su 鲁肃 Politician and general who worked for Sun Quan Zhou Yu 周瑜 One of Sun Quan's main generals Cheng Pu 程普 Another of Sun Quan's main generals Sun Quan 孙权 Emperor of Eastern Wu, one of the Three Kingdoms Liu Bei 刘备 Emperor of Shu Han, one of the Three Kingdoms Cao Cao 曹操 King of Wei, one of the Three Kingdoms Fu 赋 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like rhymed prose Ci 词 One of the three main types of Chinese Poetry, like lyric poetry Han Shi Tie 寒食帖 Su Shi's most famous calligraphic work, now hanging in the National Palace Museum in Taipei Huang Tingjian 黄庭坚 1045-1105 artist, scholar, official, a great Northern Song Master Mi Fu 米芾 1051-1107 Great Song painter and calligrapher Cai Xiang 蔡襄 1012-1067 One of the great calligraphers of the Northern Song Song Si Jia 宋四家 the Four Great Calligraphers of the Song Han Shi 寒食 is the holiday that occurs right before Qingming in April Yan Zhenqing 颜真卿 708-785 Great calligrapher of the Tang and one of the greatest of all time Zhezong 哲宗 Northern Song emperor, Reigned 1085-1100 Empress Dowager Gao 高太皇后 1032-1093 Empress of Northern Song emperor Yingzong, regent for Zhezong during his minority. Dongpo Rou 东坡肉 Dongpo Pork Zuo Zongtang 左宗棠 Hunan-born general from the Qing, the man who brought us General Tso's Chicken Lou Wai Lou 楼外楼 Not the best restaurant in Hangzhou but one of the most famous. Been around over one hundred fifty years Ni Zan, the late Yuan-early Ming painter. Xu Wei, the Ming painter Yuan Mei, the Qing dynasty scholar and artist. Yuanyou era 元祐 Conservative era in Emperor Zhezong's reign that lasted 1086 to 1093 Huizhou 惠州 City in Guangdong where Su Dongpo served a stint Hainan 海南 Island province off the coast of Guangdong Danzhou 儋州 Coastal city in Hainan just west of Haikou Haikou 海口 Capital city of Hainan Dongpo Shuyuan 东坡书院 Wang Zhaoyun 王朝云 1062-1095 - 3rd wife of Su Dongpo Changzhou 常州 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu 江苏 Coastal province just north of Zhejiang Cai Jing 蔡京 Long serving chancellor to Emperor Huizong Cai Tao 蔡绦 Son of Cai Jing who had the audacity to say something nice about Su Dongpo Shi 诗 The word meaning all Chinese poetry but also a specific kind as well. Su Men Si Xueshi 苏门四学士 The Four Scholars at Su Shi's Gate Zhang Lei 张耒 1054-1114 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Chao Buzhi 晁补之 One of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Qin Guan 秦观 1049-1100 - Northern Song writer and poet. Also one of the four scholars famous for being part of Su Shi's gang Jin 金朝 The Jin Dynasty of the Jürchens 1115-1234. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 12 Oct 2016

In this latest episode Laszlo finally gets around to the oft requested subject of piracy in early 19th century China. Pirates had been a fact of life going back to the most olden days. Mid to late Qing Dynasty the amount of trade being plied on the China coast attracted pirates like never before. Zheng Yi Sao ("Zheng Yi's Wife") was a tough woman from the Pearl River Delta who married the most notorious pirate of his day Zheng Yi. Upon Zheng Yi's death, his widow took control of his massive pirate fleet. With her adopted son, and later husband Cheung Po Tsai, she controlled what as, at the time, the largest pirate fleet that preyed on coastal dwellers and vessels engaged in trade. She later became an inspiration for many characters that appeared in books, movies, video games and other media. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Zheng Shi 郑氏 Madame Zheng, Widow Zheng Zheng Yi Sao 郑一嫂 Zheng Yi Sao, wife of Zheng Yi haidao 海盗 pirate Zhejiang 浙江 East coast province of China Guangdong 广东 Southernmost province of continental China Tây Sơn Rebellion Major uprising in Vietnam from 1770 to 1802 Binh Dinh Province South central coastal province in Vietnam Da Nang Vietnam's 3rd largest city Nha Trang Coastal city in Vietnam Xishan 西山 West Mountain (Tây Sơn in Vietnamese) Guangxi 广西 One province over from Guangdong Shi 石 Common Chinese surname, means stone Ma 马Another common Chinese surname, means horse Xu 徐 Common Chinese surname. I always get it mixed up with 许. Shi Xianggu 石香姑 Zheng Yi Sao's real name Xinhui 新会 City near Jiangmen Tanka or Danjia 疍家 The boat dwelling people of south China and Fujian shuishang ren 水上人 people who live on the water Zheng Yi 郑一 South Seas pirate who ran the Red Flag Fleet. Married Shi Xianggu Red Flag Fleet 红旗帮 Hóngqí Bāng. Cheung Po Tsai 张保仔 Zhang Bâozâi Jing Hai fen ji 靖海氛记 Charles F. Neumann's "The Pirates who Infested the China Sea from 1807 to 1810. Jiaqing emperor 嘉庆帝 Qing emperor 1796 - 1820 Daoguang emperor 道光帝 Qing emperor 1820 - 1850 Ming Jiajing Emperor 明嘉靖帝 Ming emperor 1521 - 1567 Lantau 大屿山 Island that is part of the Hong Kong SAR Cheung Chau - Changzhou 长洲 Island off the coast of Lantau Humen 虎门 Located at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta Chow Yun-fat 周润发 Great Actor who played Sau Feng, one of the Pirate Lords from Disney's P of the C movie Part 3. Qiongzhou Strait 琼州海峡 Body of water that separates Hainan from Guangdong. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 02 Sep 2016

Laszlo offers up the exciting conclusion to the 3-part series introducing the Tong Wars. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE On Leong Tong 安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Wanguo Jinyanhui huizhi 万国禁烟会会址 Meeting place of the International Opium Commission weiji 危机 A crisis Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Tom Lee 李希龄 Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Hip Sing Tong 协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xinhai Revolution 辛亥革命 The event that toppled the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Mock Duck 麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Chong Pon Sing The president of the Hip Sings, bumped off by the On Leongs Yee Toy 余才 A Hip Sing soldier involved in a few of their most daring hits Gin Gum Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Kim Lan Association 金兰公所 A part of the Chee Kung Tong (Hongmen) made up of mostly Hip Sings Hongmen 洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Fong Foo Leung the Hip Sing national president Chin Jack Lem An On Leong whose defection to the Hip Sings sparked a Tong War zhi baobuzhu huo 纸包不住火 An old Chinese saying that says "paper can't wrap a fire" Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association... Lee Gee Min Officer for the On Leong’s Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Frank Moy head of the Chicago branch of the On Leong’s Tung On Society 东安会馆 Another society made up mostly of seamen Jiu Yi Ba 九一八 the Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931. "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page The Tong Wars book home page Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown .. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 29 Aug 2016

In this Part 2 episode the Tong Wars begin in earnest. The first and second Tong Wars are discussed. "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page The Tong Wars book home page Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns 21st Century China Program - UC San Diego Link to their Website Link to the China 21 Podcast TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War Hip Sing Tong 协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. On Leong Tong 安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee Gong Wing Chung The On Leong soldier charged with Lung Kin's murder Sin Cue An On Leong, first a suspect in a 1900 murder and later a victim of a Hip Sing hit to prevent him from testifying against Mock Duck Mock Duck 麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence. Tom Lee 李希龄 Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Sue Sing a Hip Sing charged with the murder of Ah Fee, got sentenced to life in the Sing Sing Correctional Facility Lee Sing An On Leong highbinder from Dedham, Massachusetts. Tried to bump off Mock Duck in 1904. Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs Chu Gong 赵昂 High ranking On Leong officer Gin Gum Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee Hop Lee A Hip Sing laundryman brutally killed by the On Leongs in a retaliation murder. Shah Kai-fu 夏偕复The Chinese Consul based in the US. mo mentai, mo mentai 没问题,没问题 Cantonese for no problem, no problem boo-how-doy / futou zai 斧头仔 Term was used to describe hatchet men contracted from out of town. Also another name for a highbinder. Leon Ling Charged with the murder of Bow Kum but escaped and was never found. Chu Gain Proprietor of The Port Arthur Restaurant who was carrying on with Bow Kum at the time of her murder. Lung Kong Tin Yee Gong Shaw / Longgang Qinyi Gongsuo 龙岗亲义公所Early name of the Four Brothers Society See Sing Tong / The Sixing Tang 四姓堂 The Four Surnames Society Sixing 四姓Four surnames. Lau / Liu 刘 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Kwan / Guan 关 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Cheung / Zhang 张 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Chu / Zhao 赵 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society Hongmen 洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Bow Kum 包金(?) A China-born consort whose murder in 1909 sparked the Second Tong War between the On Leongs and the Four Brothers Society. Lau Tong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Lau Shong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum Gun Kee Four Brothers member shot and wounded in front of On Leong headquarters by a cousin of Tom Lee. Ah Hoon An On Leong who was also a Four Brothers member. A well known comedian in his day. Shot and killed in 1909. fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 27 Jul 2016

In this long awaited and oft requested episode Laszlo explains about the Tong Wars of New York's Chinatown. With the help of Scott Seligman's latest book we go back to late 19th - early 20th century America and focus on New York's Chinatown. These were terribly unpleasant days for most citizens of Chinese ancestry and especially for those immigrants who either had not begun the process or lived in the shadows illegally. The Chinese Exclusion Laws tarred these citizens like no other immigrant group in US history. The Tong Wars didn't happen because of these laws but they were certainly part of the story. With everything Chinese-Americans have done to make America great over the past century it's interesting to look back at another time when the ordinary law abiding Chinese and the bloodiest tong soldier were equally reviled in society that was loath to accept them. The book is called "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" by Scott D. Seligman. Terms from this Episode Qing Chao monian 清朝末年The last years of the Qing Dynasty Mao Zedong 毛泽东 Chairman Mao Shaoshan 韶山 Birthplace of Chairman Mao, in Hunan Toisan 台山 City in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Hoiping 开平 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Sun-wui 新会 Another city in the Pearl River Delta where many early Chinese immigrants came from. Wong Chin Foo 王清福 First to use the term Chinese American. His life was featured in CHP episode 136. Wo Kee Early Chinatown Merchant also known as Wong Ah Chung Wong Ah Chung Real name (maybe) of the "pre-Tom Lee" Chinatown personality known as Wo Kee Wung Ah Ling 李希龄 (Tom Lee) Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations Loon Yee Tong 联谊堂 Cantonese for the Lianyi Tang a.k.a. Chee Kung Tong (致公堂) Society that went back to the Qing dynasty///also known as The Chinese Masons and The Hongmen Lianyi Tang 联谊堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the Loon Yee Tong Hongmen 洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations Lee Sing 利胜 Chinatown merchant on Pell who publicly assaulted Tom Lee and got away with it fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette. pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance On Leong Tong 安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee An Liang Tang 安良堂 Mandarin pronunciation of the On Leong Tong Hip Sing Tong 协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck. Xie Sheng Tang 协勝堂 Hip Sing in Mandarin Lee Toy 李彩 Tom Lee's nephew and chief tough guy in the On Leongs Lee Quon Jung 李观长 a.k.a. Charlie Boston One of the top guys in the On Leongs Yuet Sing Another wealthy On Leong merchant in Chinatown Wong Get 黄傑 A Hip Sing everyman...Used by reforming politicians to rat out the On Leongs and by his fellow Hip Sing tong brothers to make things difficult for the On Leongs. Mai De a.k.a. Mock Duck 麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. A slippery as an eel and hard to pin down by the authorities...directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War "Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown" Scott Seligman's Amazon Page The Tong Wars book home page "Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China" Alec Ash - UK Amazon link to Wish Lanterns supchina.com - New Home of the great Sinica Podcast and a wonderful place to stay in daily touch with what's up in China.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 59 Minutes 18 Jun 2016

Laszlo finishes up the story of the Yuan Dynasty, founded in 1271. The parts of China not yet conquered were done in by 1276 and the last holdouts gone by 1279. But the Great Yuan didn't last long. This episode takes a nice little overview of the dynasty, its slow demise and the legacy they left. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Golden Horde 金帐汗国 Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Arigh Böke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Zhao 赵 The surname of the Song dynasty ruling family Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Zhengding 正定 A place adjacent to Shijiazhuang, site of Kublai Khan's mother's appanage. Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Capital of Hebei Province Hebei 河北 Province in northern China Zhongtong Era 中统 Era during the Yuan 1260-1264 Zhiyuan Era 至元 Era during the Yuan 1264-1294 Jin Dynasty 金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Haiyun Chan Shi 海运禅师 Buddhist advisor to Kublai Khan Liu Bingzhong 刘秉忠 Advisor to Kublai Khan on all matters architectural, feng shui and other things Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Kaiping 开平 Original name of Shangdu Shangdu 上都 Known popularly as Xanadu, later became Kublai's summer palace Chengde 承德 Better known in old history books as Jehol or Rehe, city northwest of Beijing Hülegü 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Dadu 大都 Kublai Khan capital, also known as Khanbaliq, City of the Khan's, located in present day Beijing Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260, originally built by Ogedai Khan Shandong 山东 Coastal province in the north, famous for a million things including Confucius Li Tan 李璮 Loyal Yuan official up in Shandong who later led a rebellion against Mongol rule in China. Shi Tianze 石天泽 One of Kublai Khan's most loyal and successful Han Chinese generals Duke of Zhou 周公 Son of the Zhou Dynasty founder King Wen, brother to King Wu Taizong 太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering Han Dynasty emperor Liu Bei 刘备 Mighty hero during the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms period. Founder of the Shu Han State. Lantau Island 大屿山 Hong Kong's largest island, the international airport is located there Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder Lizong 理宗 Southern Song emperor 1224-1264 Not a terribly good one. Emperor Yang of the Sui 隋炀帝 Son of Sui Dynasty founder and final emperor of the Sui. Did some good and some bad. Had a lot of concubines Empress Dowager Xie Duzong emperor 度宗 Southern Song emperor from 1264 to 1274 Jia Sidao 贾似道 Southern Song chancellor Aju 阿术 General and high ranking official during the Yuan. Grandson of Subotei Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Bayan of the Baarin 伯颜 Kublai's greatest general Han Jiang 汉江 Tributary of the Yangzi flows from Shaanxi to Hubei Hanshui 汉水 Another name for the Han JIang Hubei ren 湖北人 Someone from Hubei Wuchang 武昌 The city that makes up the Wu in Wuhan Hankou 汉口 The city that makes the Han in Wuhan Hanyang 汉阳 The third city of the Wuhan metropolitan area Nanjing 南京 Ming Dynasty capital, also known as the ancient city of Jiankang Jiankang 建康 Ancient name for Nanjing Qiantang River 钱塘江 the southern terminus of the Grand Canal, flowed through Hangzhou Xiangyang 襄阳 City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Fancheng Fancheng 樊城 City in Hubei opposite the Han Shui from Xiangyang Xiangfan 襄樊 The twin cities of Xiangyang and Fancheng Hui Hui Pao 回回炮 "Muslim trebuchet" Cai Jing 蔡京 Huizong's main official, great calligrapher, not terribly popular in his last years Emperor Gong 恭帝 Southern Song emperor from 1274 to 1276 Changzhou 常州 City in Jiangsu who felt the wrath of the Khan Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Duanzong 端宗 Second to the last Southern Song emperor, died age 8 Lu Xiufu 陆秀夫 Official and Military man who served the Song dynasty till the last Zhao Bing 赵昺 Last emperor of the Southern Song, also known as Huaizong Huaizong 怀宗 Last Song emperor, also known as Zhao Bing Hubilie 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Yunnan 云南 Southwestern province in China Empress Chabi 察必皇后 favorite wife of Kublai Khan Zhenjin 真金 Son of Kublai Khan, died before he succeeded his father as emperor Shizu 世祖 Posthumous temple name of Kublai Khan Temür Khan 完泽笃汗 Son of Zhenjin, later became the Chengzong emperor Chengzong emperor 成宗 Succeeded Kublai Khan as Yuan Emperor Külüg Khan 曲律汗 Also known as the Wuzong emperor Wuzong emperor 武宗 Yuan emperor 1307-1311 Buyantu Khan 普颜笃汗 Also known as the Renzong Emperor Renzong emperor 仁宗 Yuan Emperor 1311-1320, champion of Confucianists. Zhu Xi 朱熹 Great Chinese philosopher, father of Neo-Confucianism Si Shu 四书 the Four Books The Lunyu 论语 The Analects Mengzi 孟子 The Mencius Daxue 大学 The Great Learning Zhongyong 中庸 The Doctrine of the Mean I Ching 易经 The Book of Changes. People swear by it. Yingzong emperor 英宗 Yuan Dynasty emperor 1320-1323 Temuder 铁木迭儿 Yuan grand councillar during Yingzong Taiding Emperor 泰定帝 Yuan emperor 1323-1328 Liangdu zhi zhan 两都之战 War of the Two Capitals Toghon Temür 妥懽帖睦尔Mongolian name of Yuan emperor Shun Emperor Shun 顺帝 Yuan emperor Shun 舜 Last of the mythical Five Emperors, lived around 2200 BC Yu the Great 大禹 Founder of the Xia Dynasty Poyang Hu zhizhan 鄱阳湖之战 the Battle of Poyang Lake Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝 Era name chosen by Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming dynasty Liu Bang 刘邦 A.K.A. Han Gaozu, founder of the Han Dynasty Longquan 龙泉 Ancient site near Lishui where some of the best porcelain ware in China was fired. Lishui 丽水 City in southern Zhejiang Jingdezhen 景德镇 The historic porcelain capital of China. Zheng He 郑和 The Yongle Emperor's loyal admiral who led seven voyages to the west that went as far as the east coast of Africa Wu Cheng 吴澄 Great Yuan dynasty scholar-official and student of Zhu Xi's philosophy Guo Shoujing 郭守敬 Great Yuan dynasty scholar, scientist, engineer. The "Tycho Brahe of China" Zhao Mengfu 赵孟頫 Great Yuan era painter, descended from the Song royal family, married to Guan Daosheng. Guan Daosheng 管道昇 Called "China's greatest female painter". Married to Zhao Mengfu...an amazing couple in their day Liu Guandao 刘贯道 Another great Yuan dynasty painter Alec Ash's new book: Wish Lanterns: Young Lives in New China Barbarians at the Gate Podcast: Get it H E R E at Jeremiah's Granite Studio page. David Moser's "A Billion Voices: China's Search for a Common Language" And check out Sixth Tone at http://www.sixthtone.com/. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 23 May 2016

In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty. However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan. We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode. Terms from this Episode numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169 Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty Parthians 帕提亚 Iranian nomadic people Scythians 斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire Magyars 马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians. Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China Slavs 斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe Xianbei 鲜卑 So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei. Shatuo Turks 沙陀突厥 Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China. Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125 Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe Kazakhs 哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Kyrgyz 吉尔吉斯 Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan Uighurs 维吾尔人 Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People Fujian 福建 Province on the east coast of China Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty Jin Dynasty 金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda Zhao Gou 赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou Merkits 蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols Keraits 怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongüts 汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols Ongirats One of many tribes of the Mongols Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan Khabul Khan 合不勒 Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤Ÿ也速该 Father of Genghis Khan Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan Golden Horde 金帐汗国 Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502. Xinjiang 新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China Mongol Yasa (Jasagh) A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan Khuriltai 忽里勒台 A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218 Xixia 西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan. Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294. Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general. Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north. Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260 Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with. Il-khanate 伊儿汗国 The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan. Owen Lattimore 欧文Ÿ拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist Isaac Meyer: “History of Japan Podcast” https://historyofjapan.wordpress.com/ Nina Xiang: "China Money Network" http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com/. . .

  Direct Link   Download 64 Minutes 07 Apr 2016

In this bonus one hour plus episode we look at the last six years of Zhou Enlai's life. It was a bittersweet end for Premier Zhou. In between doing great things for China and guiding the country's general well-being he was forced to play a central role in some of the worst internecine politics in CCP history. Terms from this episode Sun Weishi 孙维世 Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao's adopted daughter Jiang Qing 江青 Wife of Mao Zedong, Gang of Fouyr leader Lin Biao 林彪 Revolutionary hero, great general, Mao chosen successor Chen Yi 陈毅 Another great military leader, later foreign minister Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 State Chairman (title changed to president in 1982), main target of Cultural Revolution Chen Boda 陈伯达 Former secretary, speechwriter to Mao Zhang Chunqiao 张春桥 Political theoretician, later member of the Gang of Four Yao Wenyuan 姚文元 Prominent writer, critic...wrote the initial critique of Wu Han's play that kicked off the Cultural Revolution Lushan 庐山 Scenic spot in northern Jiangxi, site of many historic meetings Poyang Lake 鄱阳湖 China's largest freshwater lake Jiangxi Province 江西 Province in eastern China Xian Incident 西安事变 October 12, 1936 kidnapping of Chiang Kai-shek Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great military leader, destroyed by Mao at Lushan in 1959 due to criticism of the Great Leap Forward Zhuang Zedong 庄则栋 One of China's greatest table tennis champions Wu Faxian 吴法宪 Former Air Force commander, staunch Lin Biao supporter Ye Qun 叶群 Wife of Lin Biao Lin Liguo 林立果 Son of Lin Biao, main planner of the attempted coup of Lin Biao Beidaihe 北戴河 Beach resort near Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, popularly used as a Party retreat for informal meetings Shanhaiguan 山海关 Historic district near to Beidaihe and Qinhuangdao "Tian yao xia yu, niang yao jia ren, wufa keshe, you ta qu ba!" 天要下雨,娘要嫁人,无法可设,由他去吧 the heavens must rain and a woman wants to be wed....nothing can be done about this....let him go." Zunyi Conference 遵义会议 Historic CCP conference in January 1935 in which Mao and Bo Gu fought for supremacy Zhongnanhai 中南海 Government leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai, later chairperson of the CPPCC Wumao's 五毛党 People in the Party's employ responsible for flooding the internet with pro-Party comments in an effort to sway public opinion. Wang Hairong 王海容 Mao's grand niece and later vice minister of the Foreign Ministry Nancy Tang Wensheng 唐文生 Mao's English interpreter Wang Hongwen 王洪文 Young, unknown Shanghai radical hand picked by Mao to be his successor Xinjian County Tractor Factory 新建县拖拉机厂 Factory outside Nanchang where Deng Xiaoping was sent to work after his first political purge ion 1969 Nanchang 南昌 Capital of Jiangxi province Pi Lin Pi Kong 批林批孔运动 The Criticize Lin Biao, Criticize Confucius Campaign Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Great PLA general, great leader, rose to the occasion at several key moments in China history Luo Ruiqing 罗瑞卿 Popular general, early victim of the Cultural Revolution Mao Yuanxin 毛远新 Mao's nephew, son of his younger brother Mao Zemin Sige Xiandaihua 四个现代化 The Four Modernizations Hua Guofeng 华国锋 named as acting Premier to replace Zhou, later Party Chairman Zhu De 朱德 PLA founder, great general and comrade of Mao Tangshan 唐山 City in Hebei, just east of Beijing, epicenter of the great earthquake of 1976 Li Xiannian 李先念 Great military and political leader, later President of Chian 1983-88 Wang Dongxing 汪东兴 Mao's bodyguard during the Cultural Revolution years. Commander of the 8341 Special Regiment Gaige kaifang 改革开放 The policy of reform and opening up to the outside world.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 60 Minutes 11 Mar 2016

In this longer than expected seventh episode of the series the Cultural Revolution gets underway, something that Zhou will have to deal with until his dying day. Aside from this, China's illustrious premier also has his hands full with a thousand other responsibilities, both foreign and domestic. Terms from this Episode: Zhou Enlai 周恩来 China's beloved premier and statesman Huai'an 淮安 City in Jiangsu Province, birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu 江苏 Rich coastal province in China Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学 Famed school where Zhou attended Tianjin 天津 Municipality just east of Beijing Whampoa Military Academy 中华民国陆军军官学校 Military academy located in Guangzhou Jinggangshan 井冈山 Soviet base set up by Mao in the mountains of Jiangxi Zhu De 朱德 PLA founder and legendary general Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Great Chinese leader, persecuted by Mao during Cultural Revolution Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 China's supreme leader in the 1980's Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Zhen 彭真 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister Guiyang 贵阳 Capital of Guizhou Province Guizhou 贵州 Interior province of China Hebei 河北 Province in northern China geming lao qu 革命老区 Revolutionary areas loyal to the CCP going back to the 2nd Sino-Japanese War Boyan 伯延 A town near Wu'an (武安) in southern Hebei Zhou Enlai de Sige Zhouye 周恩来的四个昼夜 Movie called "The Story of Zhou Enlai" Wang Tiecheng 王铁成 Chinese actor famous for his portrayals of Zhou Enlai Liu Bocheng 刘伯承 Great PLA general who worked closely with Deng Xiaoping cunmin 村民 village people Gu Mu 谷牧 1914-2009, great revolutionary, politician, vice-premier Lin Biao 林彪 Great military hero of the PRC, former defense minister, later rabble rouser Xinjiang 新疆 Autonomous region in China's northwest lao gege 老哥哥 Old buddy Deng Jiaxian 邓稼先 The father of China's nuclear program. Great nuclear physicist Li Siguang 李四光 Great Chinese scientist, father of China's geomechanics program Qian Sanqiang 钱三强 Great nuclear physicist Zhongnanhai 中南海 China's top leadership compound adjacent to the Forbidden City Luóbùpō 罗布破 Lop Nor in Xinjiang province He Long 贺龙 Great PLA general Ngo Dinh Diem 吴廷琰 President of South Vietnam 1955-1963 Yunnan 云南 Province in southwest China Chen Yi 陈毅 Great Chinese leader, general, statesman, football fanatic Sanxian jianshe 三线建设 The Third Front Movement Qinghai 青海 Province in western China Ningxia 宁夏 Autonomous region in the north of China Sichuan 四川 Province in China also known as Szechwan Gansu 甘肃 Province in western China Chen Yun 陈云 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Bo Yibo 薄一波 Chinese leader and one of the Eight Immortals Li Fuchun 李富春 Leader and statesman in China, handled the planning of China's economy. chi chuan yong 吃穿用 "Eat, Wear, Use" biyaopin 必要品 Necessities of Life riyongpin 日用品 Daily use items Dongfang Hong 东方红 The East is Red Jiang Qing 江青 Mao's last wife, among many other things, all negative. Wu Han 吴晗 Ming dynasty expert, Beijing vice-mayor Yao Wenyuan 姚文元 One of the Gang of Four Wenhui Bao 文汇报 The Wenhui Bao, a Shanghai newspaper Wuhan 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi consisting of the cities of Hankou, Wuchang and Hanyang Hangzhou 杭州 Capital of Zhejiang province Zhong Fa 中发 A Central Directive, like an executive order Luo Ruiqing 罗瑞卿 PLA great and later target of the Cultural Revolution Ye Qun 叶群 PLA colonel and wife of Lin Biao Xiao Xiangrong 肖向荣 Whampoa Military Academy grad, old revolutionary, Luo Ruiqing ally. Yangzi 扬子江 The Yangtse River Pao da siling bu 炮打司令部 Bombard the headquarters (Mao's first Big character poster) Tan Zhenlin 谭震林 Another PLA great Xu Xiangqian 徐向前 Another PLA great Wang Guangmei 王光美 Wife of Liu Shaoqi Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Wife of Sun Yat-sen, later a stateswoman of the PRC Sun Weishi 孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Sun Bingwen 孙炳文 Early CCP martyr, father of Sun Weishi Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai, among many other things You Tube link to The Zhou Enlai Story movie. . .

  Direct Link   Download 44 Minutes 19 Feb 2016

More Zhou Enlai again. This time we look at the second half of the 1950's. Zhou was as busy as ever, setting up the government, handling foreign relations and dealing with Chairman Mao. This episode will see Zhou during the Gao Gang Affair, Hundred Flowers, Anti-Rightist, San Fan and Wu Fan Campaigns, Land Reform, rapid agricultural collectivization and the disastrous Great Leap Forward. Terms from this episode Gao Gang 高岗 Senior CCP leader who fell victim of the first high-level purge in PRC history Shaanxi 陕西 Ancient province where Xian is the capital. Next door to Shanxi Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary CCP base from 1935-1947 Wang Ming 王明 29 Bolsheviks leader who challenged Mao and lost Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Legendary PLA leader and old comrade of Mao Chen Yun 陈云 Old revolutionary chiefly in charge of China's economy Li Fuchun 李富春 Old comrade of Zhou's from Paris, great revolutionary, Vice premier Lushunkou 旅顺口 Port Arthur in Liaoning Province Liaoning 辽宁 One of the three provinces of Manchuria Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Party legend and sometimes rival of Chairman Mao Hangzhou 杭州 City in Zhejiang, former capital of the Southern Song Zhang Zuolin 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria in the 1920's Rao Shushi 饶漱石 Gao Gang accomplice in the Gao Gang Affair Gao Rao Fan Dang Lianmeng 高饶反党联盟 The Gao-Rao Anti-Party Alliance San Fan Campaign 三反运动 The 3 Anti's Campaign Wu Fan Campaign 五反运动 The 5 Anti's Campaign Tanwu he langfei shi jidade fanzui 贪污和浪费是极大的犯罪 Corruption and Waste were the biggest crimes zhishifenzi 知识分子 Intellectuals zibenzhuyizhe 资本主义者 Capitalists Zhongguo Minhang 中国民航 CAAC The old China national airline before it was broken up Chen Yi 陈毅 PLA legend, soccer fanatic, close comrade of Mao's and later Shanghai mayor and China foreign minister (after Zhou stepped down) jus sanguinis This is a Latin word meaning "right of blood" Zhongnanhai 中南海 Compound adjascent to the Forbidden City where China's leaders reside. Bo Yibo 薄一波 Old revolutionary from Shanxi in charge of finance and the economy with Chen Yun Li Xiannian 李先念 CCP legend who played a major role in the 80's with Deng Xiaoping zili gengsheng 自力更生 Self-reliance Ren duo hao ban shi 人多好办事 When you have a lot of people, things are easy to do Nanning 南宁 Capital city in Guangxi province Chengdu 成都 Capital city in Sichuan Lushan 庐山 Sacred mountain and site of a famous resort in Jiangxi province. . .

  Direct Link   Download 55 Minutes 04 Feb 2016

Laszlo returns after one of the longest breaks ever in the history of the CHP. Part 5 this time. The PRC is founded and Premier/ForeignMinister Zhou Enlai has his work cut out for him. In this episode the focus is on the Korean War and the Geneva Conference. Zhou already enjoyed some degree of international respect from those he had come to know during his Shanghai and Chongqing years. By 1954 he had established himself as a respected tour de force on the world stage and earned begrudging admiration from those who refused to recognize the country for which he was head of state. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife of Zhou Enlai and CPPCC Chairwoman 1983-1988 Zhongnanhai 中南海 Compound adjacent to the Forbidden City that houses the top Party leadership Juxiang Shuwu 菊香书屋 Zhou's first dwelling in Zhongnanhai and later taken over by Mao as his primary office and residence. Yingtai 瀛台 Island located in the center of South Lake...later the residence of Deng Xiaoping Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 Top decision maker in China from 1861 to 1908 Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 Qing emperor who began the Hundred Days of Reform and got locked up by the Empress Dowager for his troubles. Xihuating 西花厅 Zhou's residence after Mao took over the Juxiang Shuwu. Prince Chun 醇亲王 Qing dynasty statesman and father to the Guangxu Emperor and grandfather to Puyi... Puyi 溥仪 The Xuantong Emperor, a.k.a. The Last Emperor Chongqing 重庆 Wartime capital of China during WWII Zhou Enshou 周恩寿 Younger brother of Zhou Enlai didi 弟弟 younger brother butie 补贴 a subsidy Sun Weishi 孙维世 Adopted daughter of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao Li Peng 李鹏 Adopted sin of Zhou and Deng Yingchao and Premier of China1987-1998 Huai'an 淮安 Birthplace of Zhou Enlai Jiangsu 江苏 Province where Huai-an was located. Guowuyuan 国务院 The State Council Zhengwuyuan 政务院 Former name of the State Council Chen Yi 陈毅 Immortal military leader, foreign minister and hardcore soccer fan Wenhui Bao 文汇报 The Wenhui Daily, a Shanghai newspaper Pu Shouchang 浦寿昌 Served as Zhou Enlai's secretary from 1954-1965 Zongli Yamen 总理衙门 The old Qing dynasty foreign ministry Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Vice foreign minister Li Kenong 李克农 Vice foreign minister Zhang Hanfu 章汉夫 Vice foreign minister Wang Bingnan 王炳南 Key foreign ministry leader Qiao Guanhua 乔冠华 Key foreign ministry leader Chen Jiakang 陈嘉康 Key foreign ministry leader Ke Bainian 柯柏年 Key foreign ministry leader Gong Peng 龚澎 Key foreign ministry leader Huang Hua 黄华 Key foreign ministry leader Lüshun 旅顺口 Located in the tip of the Liaodong peninsula, formerly known as Port Arthur Dalian 大连 Port city in Liaoning province xijie 细节 details Lin Biao 林彪 Marshal and military hero until he tried to overthrow Mao in 1971 Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great military leader and later victim of the Great Leap Forward Yalu River 鸭绿江 The river dividing North Korea and China. Zhongguo Renmin Zhìyuànjūn 中国人民志愿军 The China People's Volunteer Army Léi Yīngfū the Luòyáng Cáizǐ 雷应付, 洛阳才子 Assisted Kimn Il Sung during the Korean War. Mao called him later the Literary Genius from Luoyang Lǐ Chéngwǎn李承晚 1st president of South Korea Syngman Rhee Guoqing 国庆 National Day Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese People Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo Zhànzhēng 抗美援朝战争 The resist America and defend Korea War (What China calls The Korean War). Kàng Mei Yúan Cháo 抗美援朝 resist America and defend Korea. Zhong Mei Guanxi 中美关系 China-US Relations Yang Kaihui 杨开慧 Mao's 1st wife (if you don't include the arranged marriage he never recognized) Mao Anying 毛岸英 Son of Mao Zedong and Yang Kaihui shi 市 a City zhen 镇 a Town cun 村 a Village Vo Nguyên Giáp 武元甲 Great military hero of Vietnam Wéi Guóqīng 韦国清 Dien Bien Phu 奠边府 City in Vietnam where the French were defeated in 1954 Pham Van Dong 范文同 Former prime minister of Vietnam Liuzhou, Guangxi 广西柳州 Major city in Guangxi province Huan Xiang 宦乡 Journalist and diplomat Bandung 万隆 City in Indonesia, site of a famous conference Gao Gang 高岗 Heavyweight in northeast China and later victim of the first purge after the PRC was established. San Fan 三反运动 The Three Anti Campaign launched end 1951 Wu Fan 五反运动 The Five Anti Campaign launched in early 1952. . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 19 Dec 2015

In this Part 4 episode of the CHP Zhou Enlai series Laszlo re-tells the always amusing story of when the Americans came around Yan'an to kick the tires of the CCP and see what they were all about. Many of these events from today's episode were covered in previous podcasts (Kang Sheng, Deng Xiaoping, John Service and Civil War). This time Zhou again proves his loyalty and devotion to Mao and as always to China. He gets a real workout as far as developing his role as the Communists (and later China's) chief diplomat. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March Kang Sheng 康生 康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution Shaanxi 陕西 Province in northwest China Zunyi 遵义 2nd largest city in Guizhou Zhang Guotao 张国焘 Senior Communist leader and rival to Mao Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Wang Ming 王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Zhu De 朱德 Founder of the Red Army Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Early Mao supporter and later top leader in China Bo Yibo 薄一波 Early Mao supporter, featured in an earlier CHP episode Peng Zhen 彭真 Early Mao supporter and later mayor of Beijing Chen Yi 陈毅 Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister zhishi fenzi 知识分子 intellectuals He Zizhen 贺子珍 Mao's third wife (after Luo Yixiu and Yang Kaihui) Lan Ping 蓝萍 Stage name of Jiang Qing Li Shumeng 李淑蒙 Early name of Jiang Qing Li Yunhe 李云鹤 Another early name of Jiang Qing Jiang Qing 江青 Madame Mao, the name by which she is best known. Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Immortal Communist military leader and statesman Huang Hua 黄华 Great Chinese diplomat and vice premier Chen Jiakang 陈家康 Early communist and very close to Zhou Enlai, serving as his chief liaison with foreign journalists. Ma Haide 马海德 Dr. George Hatem, subject of a future episode. Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Lin Biao 林彪 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals He Long 贺龙 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Liu Bei 刘备 Great Sichuan hero and King of Shu. One of the main characters of Romance of the Three Kingdoms Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮 Another main character from Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Wise advisor to Liu Bei Shaoshan 韶山 Birthplace of Mao near Xiangtan Jinggangshan 井冈山 The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising Ruijin 瑞金 City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Zhangjiakou 张家口 City of 4.4 million that borders Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi Lingdao 领导 leader Zaolin'gou 枣林沟 Site of a key meeting after Yan'an was evacuated Panlongzhen 蟠龙镇 Place in Shaanxi where Peng Dehuai raided a KMT supply depot Ren Bishi 任弼时 Early political and military communist leader. Died in 1950. Shanxi 山西 Northern province bordering Shaanxi Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Liao-Shen Campaign 辽沈战役 The first of the three great military campaigns 9-12-1948 to 11-2-1948 Xibaipo 西柏坡 Town near Shijiazhuang that served as Mao's new base after Yan'an. Shijiazhuang 石家庄 Capital Hebei Province Hebei 河北 Province in China where Beijing is geographically located (but not part of) Huai-Hai Campaign 淮海战役 The second of the three great military campaigns 11-6-1948 to 1-10-1949 Ping-Jin Campaign 平津战役 The last of the three great military campaigns 11-29-1948 to 1-31-1949 Li Zongren 李宗仁 Succeeded Chiang as president in January 1949 Xikou 溪口 Birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek Ningbo 宁波 Major port city in Zhejiang province tuocha 沱茶 usually 100 gram dome shaped tea bricks Sheng Pu-erh 生普洱 Raw Pu-erh Tea Menghai Tea Factory 勐海茶厂 Famous tea factory in Xishuangbanna Xishuangbanna 西双版纳 One of the great tea cities of China Shou Pu-erh 熟普洱 Ripe Pu-erh tea Xiaguan Tea Factory 下关茶厂 Famous tea factory in Dali Dali 大理 formerly known as Xiaguan, city in Yunnan Yunnan 云南 Southwest province of China gaiwan 盖碗 covered tea bowls shiba da 十八大 The 18th Party Congress Gum jie 金姐 Long serving tea lady at the CHP Complex The CHP Pu-Erh Tea / Gaiwan Gift Set http://www.teasenz.com/pu-erh-tuocha-tea-gaiwan-gift-set Elias Belhaddad's History of Islam Podcast http://historyofislampodcast.blogspot.co.uk THE ONE, THE ONLY, THE ANTHILL theanthill.org "While We're Here" earnshawbooks.com. . .

  Direct Link   Download 50 Minutes 30 Nov 2015

In this Part 3 episode the story of Zhou Enlai is taken all the way up to the 1943 Yan'an Rectification Campaign. We'll look at the Zunyi Conference, the Long March, the Xian Incident and finally the ill-fated Second United Front. At every historic moment, Zhou Enlai was there, playing a lead role. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Ruijin 瑞金 City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Gu Shunzhang 顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer Xiang Zhongfa 向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern. Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Zhu De 朱德 Founder of the Red Army Guizhou 贵州 Western province in China Liping 黎平 City in eastern Guizhou Guiyang Capital of Guizhou Province Zunyi 遵义 City just north of Liping Zunyi Huiyi The Zunyi Conference Wang Ming 王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Zhang Wentian 张闻天 Former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Wang Jiaxiang 王稼祥 Another former 28 Bolshevik and Party leader who sided with Mao Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Major CCP leader and later President of PRC Zhang Guotao 张国焘 CCP founding member, Mao rival and later KMT defector Lianghekou 两河口 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Lianghekou Meeting 6/28/1935 Maoergai 毛儿盖 Place in northern Sichuan, site of the Maoergai Meeting in August 2935. Dadu River 大渡河 River in Sichuan, site of a famous battle during the Long March retreat Yang Lisan 楊立三 Future PRC minister, helped carry Zhou's stretcher during the Long March Zong Hòuqín Bù 总后勤部 Logistics and supply division of the PLA Fu Lianzhang 傅连暲 Nelson Fu, Western trained Chinese doctor who made the Long March Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Yang Hucheng 杨虎城 Nationalist general commanding the Northwest Army Dongbei Jun 东北军 The Northeast Army Zhang Xueliang 张学良 The Young Marshal, son of Zhang Zuolin, PRC hero, ROC villain. Shao Shi 少师 Young Marchal Zhang Zuolin 张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord, father of Zhang Xueliang Jiu Yi Ba 九一八 September 18, 1931 the Mukden Incident Pu Yi 溥仪 the Last Emperor, brought out of retirement to be the figurehead of Manchukuo Manchukuo 满洲国 Japanese puppet state set up in Manchuria Yan'an 延安 Revolutionary base of the CCP after the Long March Shaanxi 陕西 Northwest province of China. Xian 西安 Site of ancient Chinese capitals and the capital of Shaanxi Province Xinhua 新华 New China Luoyang 洛阳 Former imperial capital from ancient times, city in Henan Tang Xuanzong 唐玄宗 The Tang Dynasty emperor who took the dynasty to great heights Yang Guifei 杨贵妃 Tang Xuanzong's favorite concubine H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing and consummate insider into ROC politics Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of the Soong Sisters Chiang Ching-kuo 蒋经国 Future ROC president and son of Chiang Kai-shek Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen Xikou 溪口 Near Ningbo, the birthplace of Chiang Kai-shek and location of the Young Marshal's first prison. Ba Lu Jun 八路军 The Eighth Route Army Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Great Red Army general Ye Ting 叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army Chongqing 重庆 Wartime capital of China after it was removed from Nanjing and Wuhan Lan Ping - Jiang Qing 蓝苹 - 江青 - Madame Mao Xinhua Ribao 新华日报 the New China Daily. Tai'erzhuang campaign 台儿庄会战 a.k.a. The Battle of Taierzhuang. The Rep. of China's first victory over the Japanese army. Li Zongren 李宗仁 former Guangxi warlord together with Bai Chongxi Bai Chongxi 白崇禧 former Guangxi warlord together with Li Zongren Wuhan 武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang Bai Qiu'en 白求恩Norman Bethune Dong Biwu 董必武 Early CCP leader and founding member Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 CCP Co-Founder, along with Li Dazhao Changsha 长沙 Capital of Hunan Province Guilin 桂林 Picturesque city in Guangxi Province Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Immortal Communist military leader and statesman Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief Shangguan Yunxiang 上官云相 KMT General, led the New Fourth Army Incident Chen Yi 陈毅 Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 Great early CCP mover and shaker of a thousand talents. Prime target of the Cultural Revolution. Yan'an Zhengfeng Yundong 延安整风运动 Yan'an Rectification Movement Yundong 运动 Campaign or movement Available for the holidays: The CHP Pu-Erh Tea - Gaiwan Gift Set Also check out: theanthill.org "While We're Here" earnshawbooks.com and also.... Penguin Books China "The Great Wall in 50 Objects" - William Lindesay Shelia Melvin and Jindong Cai's "Beethoven in China: How the Composer Became an Icon in the People's Republic". . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 12 Nov 2015

In this second part of what's shaping up to be a long series, Laszlo picks up at the Zhongshan Gunboat Incident and follows the life of Zhou Enlai through the challenging years of 1926-1934. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huai'an 淮安 Located in Jiangsu, birthplace of Zhou Enlai Shenyang 沈阳 City in Liaoning Province Tianjin 天津 Major city east of Beijing Zhongshan Jian Shijian 中山舰事件 The Zhongshan Gunboat Incident Wu Peifu 吴佩孚 Zhili Clique warlord Sun Chuanfang 孙传芳 The Nanking Warlord Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 China statesman and Anhui Clique warlord Feng Yuxiang 冯玉祥 The "Christian Warlord" of the Zhili Clique Zhang Zuolin 张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord Wang Jingwei 汪精卫 Early leader of the Republic China Fuxing lu 复兴路 Road in Shanghai formerly known as Rue Lafayette Kang Sheng 康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 CCP Co-Founder Wang Shouhua 汪寿华 a key CCP leader in Shanghai and Labor leader Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Shanghai "Green Gang" crime boss Zhao Shu 赵舒 Led Chiang Kai-shek's 26th Army. Saved Zhou's life. Wuhan 武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang Li Dazhao 李大钊 CCP Co-Founder Zhu De 朱德 Founder of the Red Army He Long 贺龙 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Lin Biao 林彪 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Ye Ting 叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution Nanchang 南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province Lu Xun 鲁迅 One of the greatest writers of his age Mao Dun real name 沈德鸿, great writer and former Minister of Culture Qiushou Qiyi 秋收起义 Mao's Autumn Harvest Uprising Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Chen Yi 陈毅 Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister Chaoshan 潮汕 Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou Chaozhou and Shantou 潮州和汕头 The twin cities of Chaozhou and Shantou in Guangdong Xu Xiangqian 徐向前 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals Jinggangshan 井冈山 The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai Xiang Zhongfa 向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern. Li Lisan 李立三 Xiang's right hand who also played a leadership role Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen Zhongyang Teke 中央特科 The CCP secret police (中国共产党中央特别行动科) Gu Shunzhang 顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer Wang Ming 王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks Bo Gu 博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming Ruijin 瑞金 City on Fujian-Jiangxi border Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief Peng Dehuai 彭德华 Great Red Army general Futian Incident 富田事变 December 1930 incident where a mutinous battalian was put down Ningdu 宁都 Site of a famous pre-Zunyi Conference CCP meeting Li De 李徳 Chinese name of Comintern agent Otto Braun Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army Tan Zhenlin 谭震林 Great Red Army general Qu Qiubai 瞿秋白 CCP leader, literary figure and martyr Chen Jitang 陈济棠 A Hakka NRA general who turned on Chiang Kai-shek The Xinhai Revolution 辛亥革命 The event that began with the Wuchang Uprising 10-10-1911 Xiang River 湘江 Largest river in Hunan and a major tributary of the Yangzi. Guizhou 贵州 Western province in China Liping 黎平 City in eastern Guizhou Miao 苗族 In Vietnam they're known as the Hmong. General term for a diverse minority people in China (as well as Laos, Vietnam). Over 200,000 in the US. Zunyi 遵义 City just north of Liping. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 05 Nov 2015

In today's Part 1 episode Laszlo explores the early life of Zhou Enlai, growing up in a traditional scholar-official's family that had seen better days. Zhou gets passed from relative to relative. But each step of the way there were mentors and breaks that he was able to make the most of. We can see through his early years and into his teens how Zhou was perfectly trained and tested for the larger job that lay ahead. CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1 Terms Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1898-1976 Jung Chang 张荣 British Chinese author famous for her critical biography of Mao Zedong and her book Wild Swans Zhou zongli 周总理 Premier Zhou Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 One-time top Chinese leader, hounded to death during the Cultural Revolution Lin Biao 林彪 Great military leader, later Mao's successor but not for long. Wang Hongwen 王洪文 One of the Gang of Four and Mao's appointed successor but not for long. Hua Guofeng 华国锋 Succeeded Mao in 1976 as Chairman of the Party Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Featured in CHP episodes 63-70 Huái'ān 淮安 City in northern Jiangsu province Jiangsu 江苏 Province just north of Zhejiang Shaoxing 绍兴 Historic city in Zhejiang, just west of Shanghai Tianjin 天津 City in the north, just east of Beijing Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek Zhou Panlong 周攀龙 Zhou Enlai's paternal grandfather Zhou Yineng 周貽能 Zhou Enlai's father Wan Dong'er 万冬儿 Zhou Enlai's natural mother Lady Chen 陈氏 Zhou's 养母 or adoptive mother Jiang Zhou's nurse who took care of him Zhou Yigan 周贻淦 Zhou's uncle (younger brother of father) shushu 叔叔 Uncle (younger brother of father) didi 弟弟 Younger brother muqin 母亲 Mother ganma 干妈 Adoptive mother waigong 外公 grandfather (father of one's mother) Zhou Yiqian 周贻谦 Zhou's uncle (elder brother of father) bofu 伯父 Uncle (elder brother of father) Zhou Yigeng Uncle of Zhou Enlai who got led him to Tianjin Zou Rong 邹容 Early revolutionary writer Gemingjun 革命军 Revolutionary Army, Zou Rong's great work. Kang Youwei 康有为 Reformer in the late 19th century Liang Qichao 梁启超 Student of Kang Youwei who participated in the 100 Days of Reform Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学 Yan Xiu 严修 Co-founder of Nankai Middle School Zhang Boling 張伯苓 co-founder and president of Nankai Jing Ye 敬业 Respect Work, Zhou Enlai's first journal Xiao Feng 校风 School Wind School newspaper of Nankai Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 Communist Party co-founder and writer Xin Qingnian 新青年 Chen Duxiu's New Youth Magazine Tianjin Xuesheng Lianhe Huibao 天津学生联合会包 Tianjin Student Union Juewushe 觉悟社 Awakening Society Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Among other accomplishments, wife of Zhou Enlai Yang Zhen Deng Yingchao's mother Liu Qingyang 刘清扬 Early Communist Party member Zhang Shenfu 张申府 Married to Liu Qingyang, another early Party operative Li Dazhao 李大钊 CCP co-founder and librarian at Peking U Guomintang 国民党 The KMT or Kuomintang Li Fuchun 李富春 Longtime party leader, chairman of State Planning Commission Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 Great military leader and called Father of China's Atomic Bomb Zhu De 朱德 Red Army founder, great military leader Chi Guang 赤光 Red Light, the journal printed in France Guofu 国父 The Father of the Country (Sun Yat-sen) Whampoa Military Academy 陆军官校 Funded and established by Soviets to train Chinese officers Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Great military man and CCP stalwart Chen Jiongming 陈炯明 Landlord in Guangdong, the target of the Eastern Campaign Taiping Guan 太平馆 Restaurant in Guangzhou where Zhou and Deng Yingchao had a wedding reception. Beijing Lu 北京路 Beijing Road Zhongshan Gunboat Incident 中山舰事件 March 20, 1926, an incident that provoked a crackdown by Chiang Kai-shek against left leaning elements in the KMT as all Communists. Go check out: Nina Xiang's China Money Podcast The Anthill - A Writer's Colony The Sinica Podcast, a classic. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 04 Oct 2015

Jack Jones is the bearded one in the image. His story is told today in this little snapshot of a not very well-known organization that operated in 1940's China. The Friends Ambulance Unit, later re-named the Friends Service Unit, was a Quaker funded charity that operated ambulances, provided urgent medical care and other charitable services during wartime. In China the China Convoy was created and in consort with the International Relief Committee, distributed medicines, medical supplies and equipment that aided thousands of local and usually impoverished Chinese. The convoy service ran from 1945 to 1951. Through the discovery of the lost writings of Jack Jones, author Andrew Hicks has brought this small story back to life. It's not a big story like the Chu-Han Contention or the Battle of Red Cliff or the Cultural Revolution. It serves as a reminder that besides the information that made it into the history books....there was this stuff happening too in many places all over China. I strongly suggest Andrews Hicks's book, available here: http://www.fauchinaconvoy.blogspot.com and here: http://quakerbooks.org. Go check out: http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com hosted by Nina Xiang Terms from this episode Hakka 客家 Hakka people Mao 毛泽东 Chairman Mao Zhu De 朱德 PLA founder Zhou Enlai 周恩来 The Premier of China Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus Writer of the Shi Ji. Chongqing 重庆 Former city in Sichuan, now a direct controlled Municipality Xichang 西昌 City in southern Sichuan Xikang 西康 Former province during the Nationalist days Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese people Ba Xian Guo Hai 八仙过海 The Eight Immortals cross the sea, discussed in CHP-052 shi jing xiao min 市井小民 Common people Chinese Industrial Cooperatives 工业合作社 Set up by George Hogg Bailie School 培黎学校 School for orphans founded by George Hogg Shandan, Gansu Province 甘肃山丹 City in Gansu where the first Bailie School was located. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 31 Aug 2015

In this episode Laszlo focuses on the history of Chinese Americans in the early years of Hollywood. The period will focus on the 1920's to the 1950's. During those years Asian Americans had a rough time in Hollywood trying to break away from stereotypical roles. American laws and attitudes stacked the deck against them but through their sacrifices and perseverance they blazed the trail for today's generation of Chinese-American movie, theater and TV artists. CHP-159 looks at the lives of Anna May Wong and Jadin Wong as a window into these times. Below are the terms from this episode as well as some resources about Chinese Hollywood and Chinatowns. Terms from this Episode Marion Wong 黄女娣 Young film pioneer, established Mandarin Film Co. in 1916 Esther Eng 伍锦霞 Producer, Director of Chinese language films in the US James B. Leong Chinese American actor between 1923-1960, directed Lotus Blossom in 1921. Joseph Sunn Jue The Darryl Zanuck of Chinatown, director and producer Wong Chin Foo 王清福 Subject of Scott Seligman's book "The First Chinese American." Anna May Wong 黄柳霜 1905-1961 American actress of the early days of Hollywood Wong Sam Sing 黄善兴 Anna May Wong's father Lee Gon Toy Anna May Wong's mother Taishan 台山 Historic town in the Pearl River delta region Chang On 长安 Anna May Wong's father's ancestral village Jadin Wong 黄玉美 Chinese American entertainer and later agent Bok Kai Temple 北溪庙 Temple in Marysville, CA Charlie Low He built the Forbidden City nightclub in San Francisco Arthur Dong 曾奕田 Documentary film maker, founder of Deep Focus Productions Noel Toy The Chinese Sally Rand, early Forbidden City club performer of risque dances Coby Yee Entertainer and later owner of the Forbidden City Haing S. Ngor吴汉润 Winner of the 1985 Oscar for Best Supporting actor for his unforgettable performance in the Killing Fields, gunned down in Chinatown in 1996. Bessie Loo Early Hollywood agent who specialized in roles for Asian American artists John Lone 尊龙 Actor who played Pu Yi in Bertolucci's The Last Emperor Joan Chen 陈冲 Actress who played in many roles in the 80's and 90's Lucy Liu 刘玉玲 Reigning queen of Hollywood martial arts action films Bai Ling 白灵 Actress who was also a client of Jadin Wong David Henry Hwang 黄哲伦 Multi-talented artist best known for his play and film M. Butterfly Larry Ching The Chinese Sinatra, and a future CHP topic one day. The Kim Loo Sisters known as The Chinese Andrews Sisters Dorothy Fong Toy known as The Chinese Ginger Rogers You Yat Mar The Chinese Sophie Tucker Chai Hong The Chinese Chaplin Barbara Jean Wong The Chinese Shirley Temple Nancy Kwan 关家蒨 Famous for her roles in The World of Suzie Wong and The Flower Drum Song Keye Luke 陆锡麟 Best known for his role as Charlie Chan's Number One Son, Keye Luke had a very prolific and successful career in Hollywood. Victor Sen Yung 杨森 Best known for his role as Hop Sing on Bonanza Benson Fong 邝炳雄 Famous for many roles and for his Ah Fong's restaurants Sammee Tong Played John Forsyth's houseboy Peter Tong in The Bachelor Father TV series Kam Fong Most famous for his role as Chin Ho Kelly in the old Hawaii Five-0 series. Tsai Chin 周采芹 Had a rich career on stage and on screen. Unforgettable in You Only Live Twice and The Joy Luck Club Lisa Lu 卢燕 Three time Golden Horse Award winner. Still active in the movies and on TV since 1958. Played the dying Empress Dowager Cixi in The Last Emperor. James Wong Howe 黄宗霑 The immortal Hollywood cinematographer. Did over 130 films. Famous for Deep Focus cinematography. Nominated for ten Oscars, won two. His own life was like a movie. James Hong 吴汉章 One of the best known faces in Hollywood in over 500 roles on TV and in the movies. Played Lo Pan in John Carpenter's Big Trouble in Little China and Kahn, the butler in Chinatown. Suggested Links for Further Study: Arthur Dong: Deep Focus Productions Anna May Wong's IMDb Page The Chinese American Museum, Los Angeles The Chinese Historical Society of Southern California Asian American Arts Alliance - Jadin Wong Award Books: Forbidden City USA - Book of the Arthur Dong documentary "Anna May Wong: From Laundryman's Daughter to Hollywood Legend", Graham Russell Gao Hodges" Scott Seligman amazon page Jenny Cho amazon page Peter Kwong amazon page Bonnie Tsui amazon page Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Edward Said: Orientalism Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Videos Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Forbidden City USA DVD Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Hollywood Chinese - Arthur Dong documentary Danwei TV Video on Anna May Wong with Sufei Anna May Wong in The Toll of the Sea (YouTube) Anna May Wong in Bombs Over Burma (YouTube) Anna May Wong The Lady From Chungking (You Tube) Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Yunah Hong speaking about her documentary on Anna May Wong. . .

  Direct Link   Download 64 Minutes 15 Aug 2015

Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} This time Laszlo finishes off the Qin in two parts as promised. Apologies for the lopsidedness of it all. In this extra long episode Laszlo takes the Qin to their height and examines their legacy. The Qin Dynasty had a spectacular fall lasting only a few years after the early death of its founder Qin Shihuang. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The First Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng Shang Yang 商鞅 Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE Qin 秦 The kingdom and later dynasty, led by the Ying Clan. Ying Zheng 嬴政 Qin Shihuang's name Duke Xiao 秦孝公 Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE King Huiwen or King Hui 秦惠文王 King of Qin 338-311 BCE, son of Zhaoxiang Chengdu 成都 Largest city and capital of Sichuan, site of the ancient Shu Kingdom Qinling Mountains 秦岭Mountain range separating Shaanxi from Sichuan, also Qin Mountains (ling 岭means mountain range) Wei River 渭河 One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River Shaanxi 陕西 Province in China, capital is Xian Sichuan 四川 Province in southwest China Shu 蜀国 Shu State near Chengdu Shiniu Dao 石牛道 the Stone Cattle Road Ba State 巴国 Ba State near Chongqing Chongqing 重庆 Municipality formerly part of Sichuan Wu Lizhen 吴理真 Planted seven tea trees on Mengding Mountain, first known tea cultivation Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain near Chengdu site of the first known cultivation of tea Sanxingdui 三星堆 Archaeological discovery of an ancient non-Han civilization located halfway between Chengdu and Deyang. Jinsha 金沙 Another great archaeological discovery near Chengdu. Dujiangyan 都江堰 One of the most important irrigation projects in Chinese history. It tamed the Min River and changed the face of agriculture in Sichuan. Li Bing 李冰 The Qin governor down in Sichuan, directed construction of Dujiangyan. Fan Sui 范睢 died 255 BCE, gave his king Zhaoxiang the winning strategy King Zhāoxiāng, Qin Zhao Wang 昭襄王 Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE Bai Qi白起 Qin general served under Zhaoxiang. Undefeated. Meixian陕西眉县 Mei County in Shaanxi, west of Xian. Ren Tu 人屠 The Butcher of Men, Bai Qi's nickname (well-earned I might add) Si Da Ming Jiang 四大名将 the four great generals of the day. Bai Qi白起, Lian Po 廉颇, Li Mu李牧 and Wang Jian 王翦 Battle of Changping 长平之战 The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE Chu State 楚国 Chu State near Hubei Zuo Shu zhang 秦朝左庶长 left militia general Han 韩国 The Han Sate, sandwiched between Chu, Qin and Wei Wei 魏国 Kingdom of Wei, east of Qin, south of Zhao Yichuan County 伊川县is located in Henan just south of Luoyang near the famous Longmen Grottoes. The Longmen Grottoes 龙门石窟 UNESCO Heritage site containing thousands of statues of Buddha and paintings. Battle of Yique伊阙, near modern day Longmen, 293 BCE Qin defeated the combined armies of Wei and Han. Sima Cuo 司马错 Qin general. Advised Huiwen to annex Shu and Ba Huaxia 华夏 Ancient core China early name Zhao 赵国 Zhao State in the Yellow River Valley Handan City in Hebei Province, also the capital of Zhao Zhao Kuo 赵括 Son Zhao She, got beat bad at the Battle of Changping Zhao She赵奢 Zhao general who once gave the Qin a lickin' chengyu 成语 Chinese saying or proverb, usually but not always four characters zhishang tan bing 纸上谈兵 To discuss military strategy on paper King Xiaocheng趙孝成王 King of Zhao who pulled Lian Po from the roster and put in Zhao Kuo Huaihai Campaign 淮海战役One of the three final campaigns of the Chinese Civil War of 1948-49. Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian Gaoping 高平 County level city in southeast Shanxi, site of the Battle of Changping Shanxi 山西 Province in China just east of Shaanxi Shennong 神农 The Divine Farmer, legendary discoverer of tea who gifted the Shen Nong Classic of Herbal Medicine. Yan Di 炎帝 The Flame Emperor, considered to be Shennong Zhou 周朝 The Zhou Dynasty Ji clan 姬家族 The Zhou Dynasty ruling family King Nǎn, Zhou Nan Wang周赧王 Last emperor of the Zhou Dynasty King Xiaowen 秦孝文王 Also known as Lord Anguo, Qin Shihuang's grandfather. Didn't reign too long. Shi Ji 史记 The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian Han Dynasty 汉朝 One of China's greatest dynasties 206 BCE-220 CE Lü Buwei 吕不韦 The man who put Qin Shihuang's father on the throne. Regent for young Qin Shihuang. Zhao Ji 赵姬 Qin Shihuang's mother and a lover to many men (so says Sima Qian) Lao Ai 嫪毐 Introduced to Zhao Ji after she became the Queen Dowager, tried and failed to seize power Li Si 李斯 Took the philosophy of Legalism to great heights. Qin Shihuang's right hand man. Zhao Gao 赵高 Palace eunuch who conspired with Li Si against Qin Shihuang's wishes. Fu Su 扶苏 Qin Shihuang's heir, tricked into committing suicide Hu Hai 胡亥 Younger son of Qin Shihuang, allowed Lao Ai and Li Si to stack the deck and allow him to become the new emperor Meng Tian 蒙恬 Great Qin general who did most of his fighting in the north. Key person in the construction of the Great Wall Wey State卫国 Different from Wei State 魏国. Absorbed by Jin before it broken up。Lü Buwei was from Wey. Zichu 子楚 Other name of Qin Shihuang's father and later King Zhuangxiang. Lady Huayang 华阳夫人 Wife of Qin King Xiaowen Zhengguo Canal 郑国渠 joined together the Jing and Luo Rivers, both tributaries of the Wei. Named after the builder Zheng Guo Chelie 车裂 An ancient punishment where a person was tied to five chariots and pulled apart. Lin Biao 林彪 Great military man and one time heir to Chairman Mao. Jing Ke 荆轲 Assassin from Yan who wasn't able to bury his poison dagger into Ying Zheng Yan 燕国 Yan State near Beijing Chen Kaige 陈凯歌 Great Chinese film director. The Emperor and the Assassin Gong Li 巩俐 Famous and talented Chinese actress Zhang Yimou 张艺谋 One of the great film directors of China Xiang Yu 项羽 The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost. Featured in CHP episode 91 Qi 齐国 Qi State near Shandong Zibo 淄博 Former capital of the Qi State Lu 鲁国 State to the south of Qi. Confucius came from Lu. Qi Lu Liangguo 齐鲁两国 The two Shandong kingdoms of Qi and Lu Shandong 山东 Northeastern province of China Wang Ben 王贲 Son of one of the four great generals of the Warring States period Zhou Wu Wang 周武王 Co-founder of the Zhou, brother of the Duke of Zhou Shang Dynasty 商朝 The Shang Dynasty 1600 BCE - 1046 BCE King Zhou 商纣王 Last Shang King, and a wicked one at that. Also known as Di Xin Huangdi 皇帝 Emperor San Huang Wu Di 三皇五帝 The mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors Shi'er Jinren 十二金人 Twelve Gold Men made from all the melted down weapons handed in from the defeated warring states Xianyang 咸阳 Near modern day Xian. Capital of Qin Lingnan 岭南the southern region of China comprising mostly Guangdong and Guangxi Guangdong 广东 southernmost province of continental China and a rich one at that Guangxi 广西 An autonomous region just west of Guangdong Fujian 福建 Province just north of Guangdong Baiyue百越 The Hundred Yue Nanyue 南越 the southern Yue Tu Sui 屠睢 Qin general who got schooled when he invaded the Lingnan region Han Wudi 汉武帝 Great conquering emperor of the Western Han Dynasty beifang caoyuan 北方草原 The grasslands of the north Xiongnu 匈奴 Also referred to sometimes as the Huns, a northern nomadic people Xiang Jiang 湘江 The Xiang River Dongting Lake 洞庭湖 the dividing marker between Hubei and Hunan. Guilin 桂林 Gorgeous city in Guangxi Li Jiang 漓江 the Li River (not to be confused with the other Li River 丽江 Min 岷江 Min River in Sichuan, tamed by the Dujiangyan irrigation project Lingqu Canal 灵渠 The Ling Canal...linked the Xiang with the Li Qinchao Sanda Shuiligongcheng秦朝三大水利工程 The three great irrigation project of the Qin Shi Lu史禄 Architect of the Ling Qu, the Ling Canal zhishi fenzi知识分子 intellectuals Huizong 宋徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor, featured in a CHP four-part series Siku Quanshu 四库全书 The Emperor's Four Treasures, commissioned by Qianlong. 36,381 Volumes divided up into 79,000 chapters, over two million pages and about 800 million characters. Dapingtai Village 大平台村 The village in Hebei where the Qin emperor died Qin Èrshì 秦二世 The Second Qin Emperor Dazexiang Uprising 大泽乡起义The first major uprising against the Qin - July to December in the year 209 BCE Chen Sheng陈胜also known as Chen She陈涉 One of the leaders of the Dazexiang Uprising Wu Guang 吴广 The other leader of the Dazexiang Uprising Liu Bang 刘邦 Han Dynasty founder Wu Xíng 五刑 The Five Pains. Tattooing the face, nose cut off, foot cut off, private parts cut off and the fifth pain for Li Si was the old Yāozhǎn. Cut in half at the waist Ziying 子婴 The third and final Qin emperor, reigned for 46 days Battle of Julu 钜鹿之战 fought near present day Xingtai in Hebei, Xiang Yu, leading the Chu army knocked the Qin army out clean in 207 BCE Luoyang 洛阳 Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty Sanmenxia 三门峡City in Henan in the cradle of Chinese civilization Nanhai Commandery南海郡 The Qin office that administered the two Guang's, based near Guangzhou Zhao Tuo 赵佗 Qin officer in charge of the Nanhai Commandery. Founded the Nanyue Kingdom Lüshi Chunqiu 吕氏春秋 Master Lü's Spring and Autumn Annals. banliangqian 半两钱 Qin standardized coin that weighed eight liang banliang 半两 half a liang. 16 liang equaled a jin One Jin was 0.604 kilos or 1.3 lbs banjin baliang 半斤八两 Our English version of six of one and a half dozen of the other. Historic Teas of China available at Teasenz.com The Link is here: HISTORIC TEAS OF CHINA The Teas you get: 1. Dahongpao 大红袍 from Wuyi Mountain, Fujian 2. Tieguanyin 铁观音 from Anxi, Fujian 3. Huangshan Maofeng黄山毛峰from Huang Shan Anhui Province 4. Longjing 西湖龙井 from West Lake, Hangzhou 5. Two kinds of raw Pu-erh 普洱 tea in loose and brick form. Two books I used prodigiously for this Qin Two-Part series: Frances Wood, "The First Emperor of China" Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Mark Edward Lewis: "The Early Chinese Empires: Qin and Han". . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 02 Aug 2015

In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover. The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here: http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder Y.K. Pao 包玉刚 Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist Zhongguo ren 中国人 A Chinese Zhao 赵国 Zhao State in the Yellow River Valley Qi 齐国 Qi State near Shandong Chu 楚国 Chu State near Hubei Yue 越国 Yue State near Zhejiang Ba 巴国 Ba State near Chongqing Shu 蜀国 Shu State near Chengdu Zhou 周朝 The Zhou Dynasty Yan 燕国 Yan State near Beijing Xia 夏朝 The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was... Shang 商朝 The Shang Dynasty Sima Qian 司马迁 China's Herodotus Shiji 史记 The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian Song dynasty 宋朝 The Song Dynasty Lintong, Shaanxi 陕西临潼 Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found Puyi 溥仪 China's Last Emperor Ying 嬴 The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes Ying Zheng 嬴政 Qin Shihuang's name Ying Zhuangxiang 秦庄襄王 Qin Shihuang's father Wei River 渭河 One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River Xian 西安 Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities. Gansu 甘肃 Western Province in China Tianshui 天水 Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou Rong 戎 "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China Si Yi 四夷 The "Four Barbarians" Dongyi 东夷 One of the four "barbarians" Beidi 北狄 One of the four "barbarians" Nanman 南蛮 One of the four "barbarians" Duke Xiang 秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE Ji Family 姬家族 The Zhou Dynasty ruling family Luoyang 洛阳 Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty Chengzhou 成周 Ancient name of Luoyang Zhou King Ping 周平王 Zhou King 770-720 Duke Wen 秦文公 Qin ruler 765-716 BCE Shaanxi and Shanxi 陕西/山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same Hubei 湖北 Central China province Henan 河南 Central China province Hebei 河北 North-central China province Shandong 山东 North eastern province of China Anhui 安徽 Central China province Yu the Great 大禹 Xia Dynasty Founder Huaxia 华夏 Ancient core China early name Qin Mu Gong 秦穆公 Qin Ruler 659-621 Bawang 霸王 A hegemon Wu State 吴国 State around Suzhou-Wuxi area King Helü 阖闾 King of Wu 514-496 BCE The Battle of Jìnyáng 金阳之战 Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE Taiyuan 太原 Capital of Shanxi Zhi state 智国 The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang San Jia Fen Jìn 三家分晋 the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE. Qi Xiong 七雄 The final seven warring states Linzi 临淄 just east of modern day Zibo Shang Yang 商鞅 Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE Pi 錍 A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick Ren duo hao ban shi 人多好办事 When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier. Shi 士 knight, scholar Zaixiang 宰相 chancellor or chief minister Duke Xiao 秦孝公 Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE chelie 车裂 death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots zhulian jiuzu 株连九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu 族诛 That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go. Xiang Yu 项羽 The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost. Featured in CHP episode 91 Liu Bang 刘邦 Han Dynasty founder Shang Jun Shu商君书or just the Shangzi 商子 credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State. Han Feizi 韩非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous Fan Sui 范睢 died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong. yuan jiao jin gong 远交近攻 Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby. King Zhaoxiang 昭襄王 Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Battle of Changping 长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE. . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 08 Jul 2015

In this Part 2 episode Laszlo continues his intro of Joseph Needham in 1943 right after Needham returned from his perilous adventure to the northwest of China to visit the sights of Dunhuang. We'll conclude the life of Joseph Needham in this episode. He truly was, as Simon Winchester called him, "The Man Who Loved China." Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Terms from this episode: Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui 剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会The Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, the Mogao Grottoes 莫高窟 The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found. Chongqing 重庆 Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking Fujian province 福建省 Province on the east coast of China below Zhejiang Fuzhou 福州 Capital of Fujian Kunming 昆明 Capital of Yunnan Zhongguo Kēxué jìshù shi 中国科学技术史 Science and Civilization in China Nantong 南通 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu 江苏 Province on east coast of China north of Zhejiang Wang Ling 王玲 Chinese and Australian educator and researcher Lizhuang 李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi Sichuan 四川 Province in the soutwest next door to Tibet Zhú Kězhēn 竺可桢 Professor Coching Chu, Zhejiang University president 1936-49. Gǔjīn Túshū Jíchéng 古今图书集成 Complete Collection of Illustrations and Writings of Ancient and Modern Times Lu Guizhen 鲁桂珍 (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham Xiangqi 象棋 Chinese version of chess Guō Mòruò 郭沫若 great writer, poet and archaeologist Shenyang 沈阳 Capital of Liaoning, also known in the past as Mukden Lu Shiguo 鲁仕国 Father of Lu Guizhen Zhongguo 中国 China, the Middle Kingdom Qián Cúnxùn 钱存训 Professor T.H. Tsien (Tsien Tsuen-hsuin). A giant in Chinese library science. Wrote Volume V, Part 1 on paper and printing. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Simon Winchester's amazon page click here. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 22 Jun 2015

In this long awaited topic Laszlo introduces "The Man Who Loved China", Dr. Joseph Needham. A true friend of China for most of his adult life, Needham's contribution was the epic work "Science and Civilization in China". Today this massive undertaking is spread out over 24 volumes, 17 of which were written in Needham's own lifetime. Prior to Jospeh Needham getting the word out, China was not getting the respect it deserved for all its great contributions to human civilization. He carried out intensive research and brought his findings to the public. In this Part 1 episode we only go up to 1943 and the end of Needham's first expedition in China. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Zhongguo Kexue jìshù shi 中国科学技术史 Science and Civilization in China Lu Guizhen 鲁桂珍 (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham Luo Zhongshu 罗忠恕 (1903-1985) Scholar who got the word out in the west about China's suffering under Japan. Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui 剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会 Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office Lu Shiguo鲁仕国 Father of Lu Guizhen luohou 落后 backwards Chongqing 重庆 Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking Huang Xingzong 黄兴宗 H.T. Huang Min River 岷江 Great river of China where Dujiangyan is located Dadu River 大渡河 Another tributary of the Yangzi Lushan 芦山 City in Sichuan near Ya'an, (written in the book as Loushan) Lizhuang 李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi Anyang 安阳 City in northern Henan where the Shang period Yin Ruins are located Wang Yuanlu 王圆箓 The guy who got duped into selling 24 wagon loads of treasure, including the Diamond Sutra to Aurel Stein for about 220 quid. Hanzhong 汉中 City in Shaanxi Baoji 宝鸡 Another city in Shaanxi Shaanxi 陕西 One of the great ancient provinces of China Jiayuguan 嘉峪关 End of the line as far as the Great Wall went. Dunhuang 敦煌 Great trading city and center for Buddhist learning. Liao Hongying 廖鸿英Chemist, Worked for British Council in Chengdu Dujiangyan 都江堰 One of the greatest civil irrigation projects in human history that provided benefits to hundreds of millions of people since it was built in 256 BCE Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The Qin emperor Li Bīng 李冰 The official credited with overseeing the entire Dujiangyan project. Shu kingdom 蜀国 The Kingdom located in and around where present-day Chengdu is located. Shuangshipu 双石铺A town near Baoji in Shaanxi Héxī Corridor河西走廊 The geographic region running east and west inside Gansu Province. It was an ancient road from thousands of years ago. Mogao Caves 莫高窟 The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found. Northern Zhou 北周 (557-581) A northern Dynasty during the Northern & Southern Dynasties Period Nanbei Chao 南北朝 (420-589) The Northern and Southern Dynasties Period Yang Jian 杨坚 Former Northern Zhou official who went on to found the Sui Dynasty. Simon Winchester amazon.com page: http://www.amazon.com/Simon-Winchester/e/B000APLU5E/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1435163989&sr=8-1. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 21 May 2015

In this shorter than usual episode Laszlo introduces a little piece of culture taken from the southern portion of Hunan Province. Generations of illiterate women from a single county on the Hunan-Guangxi border, denied education, created their own writing script. Men never learned it and so it was used by these women to communicate with each other and to record their secret throughts and inspirations. Almost lost to posterity, Nüshu has made somewhat of a revival and today others are learning it and keeping it alive. Terms from this Episode Nüshu 女书 Shang Dynasty 商朝 The Shang Dynasty Xiangnan Tuhua 湘南土话 The local dialect of southern Hunan Chengguan Tuhua 城关土话 The dialect in and around Shangjiangxu Town Cun 村 Village Jiangyong County 江永县 Hunan 湖南 Province in China Guangxi 广西 Province in China Guilin 桂林 City in Guangxi Shen Nong 神农 You all remember him from the Tea Series, right?? Yao People 瑶族 The Yao minority people, also called the Dao in Vietnam Shangjiangxu Town 上江圩镇 Ground Zero for Nüshu culture, located in Jiangyong County Nüshu wenhua 女书文化 Nüshu Culture Jiebai Zimei 结拜姊妹 Sworn Sisters Laotong 老同 “Old Same” A very close relationship arranged between two girls. It lasted a lifetime Jiangyong Xian 江永县 Jiangyong County Sanzhao 三朝 A custom followed on the third day after marriage or after birth Sanzhaoshu 三朝书 The Third Day Book Xianfeng Emperor 咸丰帝 Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 Yang Huanyi 阳焕宜 The last person who actually lived the Nüshu Culture. Puyi 溥仪 The Last Emperor Putonghua 普通话 Mandarin (language) Zhou Shuoyi 周硕沂 Researcher who did much to revive Nüshu Culture Yang Yueqing 杨月清 Canadian Film maker Lisa See http://www.lisasee.com/ Lisa See’s Novel about Nüshu, Snow Flower and the Secret Fan Learn Mandarin at MSL MASTER: http://mslmaster.com Yang Yueqing’s documentary “Nü Shu: A Hidden Language of Women in China” http://www.wmm.com/filmcatalog/makers/fm432.shtml. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 27 Apr 2015

In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War. The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin. The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE lao pengyou 老朋友 Old friends. Xia Dynasty 夏朝 Shang Dynasty 商朝 Eastern Zhou 东周 Eastern Jin 东晋 Nanfang Caomu Zhuang 南方草木装 Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含) A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉 Ancient name for opium A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉 Another name for opium He Fu Rong 合甫融 Another name for opium Yapian 鸦片Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun Jiu Tang Shu 旧唐书 The Old Book of Tang Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi 陈藏器,本草拾遗 the Supplement to the Materia Medica Tang Xuanzong 唐玄宗 Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time. Southern Song 南宋 Ying Su 罂粟poppy Su Dongpo 苏东坡 a.k.a. Su Shi 苏轼 Xu Boling 徐伯龄 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac Siku Quanshu 四库全书 The Complete Library of the Four Treasures Qianlong 乾隆帝 The long reigning Qianlong emperor Yongle Emperor 永乐大典 Yongle Encyclopedia Xie Zhaozhe 谢肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books Ming Chenghua 明成化 Ming emperor chunyao 春药 aphrodisiac Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草纲目 - 1578 Tainan 台南 City on south coast of Taiwan Madak 玛达克 Mixture of opium and tobacco Ming Chongzhen 明崇祯 Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell Wan Li Emperor 明万历 Ming emperor Shisan Ling 十三陵 the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing Dingling 定陵 The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956 Lady Zheng 郑贵妃 Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort Kangxi emperor 康熙 Great and long reigning Qing emperor Yongzheng Emperor 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi emperor Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖 Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor Daoguang emperor 道光 Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China da Tu 大土 Patna opium (big soil) xiao tu 小土 Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil) gong tu 公土 Another name for Malwa opium common soil. Lin Zexu 林则徐 Chinese hero who stood up to Britain Zhang Changjia 张昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua. Pu Yi 溥仪 The last Qing emperor Empress Wanrong 婉容皇后 Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi Chen Chong 陈冲 Joan Chen Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Big-Ears Tu Yapian Guan 鸦片馆 An opium house Yan Guan 烟馆 An opium house Ying chou 迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house Shen Nong 神农 Lu Yu 陆羽 ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's! For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature: Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu// Professor, Chinese Language and Literature East Asian Languages and Cultures University of Kansas Peter Lee's Opium Culture amazon link Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Narcotic Culture - A History of Drugs in China. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 03 Apr 2015

Laszlo finishes off the CHP overview of the story of the AVG in World War II. In this episode the battle commences on December 20, 1941. From that point forward until the organization was disbanded on July 4, 1942 the Flying Tigers wrote their name into the history books. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Song Meiling 宋美龄 Soong Mei-ling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek T.V. Song 宋子文 T.V. Soong, brother of Song Meiling Yunnan 云南 Province in Southwestern China Fei Hu 飞虎 The Flying Tigers Kunming 昆明 Capital of Yunnan Chen Xiangmei 陈香梅 Anna Chennault, 2nd wife of Claire Chennault Nu Jiang 怒江 The Salween River separating Yunnan from Burma Guilin 桂林 City in Guangxi Hengyang 衡阳 City in Hunan Yangren laihua zhuzhan, junmin yiti jiuhu 洋人来华助战,军民一体救护 (洋人來華助戰,軍民一體救護) This foreigner has come to China to help in the war. Soldiers and civilians, one and all, should rescue and protect him. Hangkong Weiyuanhui 航空委员会 The Aviation Committee Zhongguo Laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese People Jianchuan Museum 建川博物馆聚落 The Jianchuan Museum Complex Feihu Qibingguan 飞虎奇兵馆 The Flying Tigers Museum Fan Jianchuan 樊建川 Chengdu real estate mogul, founder of the museum complex Daniel Ford's Book: Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers 1941-1942 The Jianchuan Museum Complex Web Site The Flying Tigers Official Web Site Ray Harris's History of WWII Podcast. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 21 Mar 2015

In this Part 1 episode Laszlo provides all the setup and background for the magnificent story of the American Volunteer Group, known more popularly as The Flying Tigers. Their’s was only an eight month long story but their success at a time when all seemed hopeless provided an inspiration to many and showed Japan was not invincible. Terms from this episode: Zhong-Mei guanxi 中美关系 Sino-US relations Zhōng-Mei hezuo 中美合作 Sino-US cooperation Maguan Tiaoyue 马关条约 The Treaty of Shimonoseki 1895 Jiuyiba 九一八 The Mukden Incident of 9-18-1931 Qiqi Shibian 七七事变 the Marco Polo Bridge Incident 7-7-1937 Chongqing 重庆 The wartime capital of Chongqing (also known as Chungking) Kunming 昆明 Capital of Yunnan province. Terminus of the Burma Road T.V. Soong 宋子文 The often US-based brother of the Song sisters Ailing 宋蔼龄 Oldest sister, Song Ailing, wife of Winston H.H. Kung Qingling 宋庆龄 Middle sister, Song Qingling, Madame Sun Yat-sen Meiling 宋美龄 Youngest sister, Song Meiling, Madame Chiang Kai-shek Baituan Dazhan 百团大战 the Hundred Regiments Offensive late 1940 Peng Dehuai 彭德怀 Legendary PLA general who led the Hundred Regiments Offensive Sanguang Zhengce 三光政策 Japan’s horrific Three All’s Policy Diamian Gonglu 滇缅公路 The Burma Road Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 50 Minutes 28 Feb 2015

CHP-150-The Hakka’s In this milestone 150th CHP episode Laszlo shines a light on the Hakka people and where they fit in Chinese history. There are no shortages of authoritative sources that all disagree as to their origins ands when the Hakka’s migrated from where to where. Legends and stereotypes surrounded this sub-group of Chinese. But one thing is for sure they have carved an indelible spot in worldwide Chinese culture. More than 80 million Hakka’s call this solar system their home. Fifty minutes hardly offers a comprehensive look at any culture, let alone 客家文化. In this episode Laszlo offers a general overview. As always there is plenty of reading you can do and videos you can watch that give you a more satisfying meal than this episode can. Terms from this Episode Hakka people 客家人 Translates to “Guest People” Gan 赣 Abbreviation for Jiangxi Province Gan River 赣江 Main river in Jiangxi Ganzhou 赣州 City in Jiangxi Sima Yan 司马炎 Founded Jin Dynasty. Temple name Jin Wudi Cao Wei 曹魏 Northern of the Three Kingdoms Shu 蜀汉 The western of the Three Kingdoms Wu 东吴 The eastern of the Three Kingdoms Jin Dynasty 晋朝 Founded by Jin Wudi The Han 汉朝 The Han Dynasty Jin Wudi 晋武帝 Jin Dynasty founder Luoyang 洛阳 Ancient capital city in China history Emperor Min 晋愍帝 Last Western Jin emperor Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Wuhu 五胡 The Five Barbarian Tribes Xiōngnú 匈奴 One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Jié 羯One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Xianbei 鲜卑 One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Dī 氐 One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Qiāng 羌 One of the Five Barbarian Tribes Zhao 赵 Surname of the Song Dynasty emperors Jiankang 建康 Ancient name of Nanjing Nanjing 南京 City in Jiangsu, means Southern capital Liu Yu 刘裕 Founder of the Liu Song (also known as 刘宋武帝) Liu Song 刘宋 First of the Southern Kingdoms Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern and Northern Kingdoms period Shibi Village 石壁村 Place in Fujian where the Hakka’s first settled Yan’an 延安 City in Shaanxi, where the Long March concluded Zudi 祖地 Ancestral land Ninghua County 宁化县 County in Fujian Tingzhou 汀洲 Another place not far from Shibi where the Hakka’s first assembled Changting 长汀 Present day name for Tingzhou Luo Xianglin 罗祥林 Hakka historian Kejia Yanjiu Daoliu 客家研究导流 Luo Xianglin’s 1933 book “An Introduction to the Study of the Hakka’s,” Huang Chao Uprising 黄巢之乱 Uprising in the late Tang from 881 to 884 Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Song Dynasty Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Lin’an 临安 Capital of Southern Song (present day Hangzhou) Zheng Chenggong 郑成功 Taiwan hero, better known as Koxinga Kangxi emperor 康熙 Long reigning early Qing Dynasty emperor Qian Hai Ling 遷海令The Great Clearance, or coastal evacuation Bendi 本地 Also known as the Punt in Cantonese, means Native Chaozhou 潮州City in Guangdong, above Shantou. The people are known as Teochew Shantou 汕头 Coastal city in Guangdong adjacent to Chaozhou Chaoshan 潮汕 Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou Jieyang 揭阳 Predominantly Hakka city just west of Chaozhou and Shantou. Yue 粤 Abbreviation for Guangdong Kejia ren 客家人 A Hakka Person Meizhou 梅州 City in northeast Guangdong Biaozhun 标准 a standard Meixian 梅县 Mei County Yanju Ji 盐焗鸡 Salt Baked Chicken Niang Doufu 酿豆腐 The most famous Hakka dish Tu Kè Xièdòu 土客械斗 The Punti-Hakka Clan Wars from1855 and 1867 Taishan 台山 City known as Toi San. Qingchao Monian 清朝末年 The final years of the Qing dynasty Min 闽 Fujian people, also an abbreviation of Fujian Hong Xiuquan 洪秀全 Responsible for the Taiping Rebellion Xiang 湘 Abbreviation of Hunan Han Su-yin 韩素音 Born in Xinyang, Henan, home of Xinyang Maojian tea. Han Su Yin was the pen name of author Elizabeth Comber Hsieh T’ing-yu Historian who wrote The Origin and Migrations of the Hakkas (1929) Nàxī 纳西 Ethnic minority group around Lijiang in Yunnan Tulou 土楼 The circular and square Hakka compounds Hui 回 The character “to return”. Yongding County 永定县 County in southern Fujian near Guangdong border Weilong Wu 围龙屋 Distinctive single level concentric U-shaped structures Kejia shange 客家山歌 Hakka mountain folk songs Leicha 擂茶 Hakka pounded tea Famous Hakka Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Yang Shangkun 杨尚昆 Lee Kwan Yew 李光耀 Zhu De 朱德 Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Su Yu 粟裕 Chen Yi 陈毅 Hua Guofeng 华国锋 Hu Yaobang 胡耀邦 Guo Moruo 郭沫若 Liu Bocheng 刘伯承(maybe) Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 (maybe) Zhang Guotao 张国焘 Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Aw Boon Haw 胡文虎 Aw Boon Par 胡文豹 Chow Yun-fat 周润发 Lee Denghui 李登辉 Charlie Soong 宋嘉树 Song Ailing 宋爱玲 Song Qingling宋庆龄 Song Meiling 宋美龄 T.V. Soong 宋子文 Henan Xinyang Maojian tea 河南信阳毛尖茶 Láoshan 崂山 谢谢温老师! Jemimah Steinfeld: Little Emperors and Material Girls: Youth and Sex in Modern China Mary Erbaugh."The Secret History of the Hakkas: The Chinese revolution as a Hakka Enterprise" University of Pittsburgh Professor and Director of their Asian Studies Center Nicole Constable: Guest People: Hakka Identity in China and Abroad. . .

  Direct Link   Download 51 Minutes 06 Feb 2015

In this final episode of the CHP's ten-part History of Tea series Laszlo travels from province to province introducing the more famous of China's teas. The History of Tea Part 10 Terms Pu’er普洱 City in Yunnan famous for Pu’er Tea Qingming Festival 清明节 Grave Sweeping Festival, usually around April 5-6 Shu Pu’er 熟普洱Ripe Pu’er Tea Wodui 渥堆 The process to speed up the ripening of Pu’er tea Longjing tea 龙井茶 The famous green tea from the West Lake area in Hangzhou Qianlong 乾隆帝 Qing dynasty emperor. No need to get into an detail. Hugong Temple 胡公庙Temple in Longjing Village Shanzhai 山寨 Slang for cheap imitation consumer goods Maojian 毛尖 “Downy tip” or “Fur tip” tea leaves consisting of a bud and single leaf. Maofeng 毛峰 The classic bud set consisting of a bud and the two top leaves. Zhucha 珠茶 “Pearl” Tea or Gunpowder Tea. Pingshui 平水 Pingshui, just south of Shaoxing 紹興 Huangshan Maofeng 黄山毛峰 The most famous “maofeng” tea from the Huangshan area in Anhui Huangshan 黄山 One of China’s sacred mountains, located in Anhui Lu’an 六安 City in Anhui Lu’an Guapian 六安瓜片 The specialty of Lu’an, Melon Seed Tea Shanghai Tianshan Chacheng 上海天山茶城 A tea shopping center located in Shanghai Chacheng 茶城 A tea city, the name given to these “tea malls” Yan cha 岩茶 Rock Tea from the cliffs of Wuyi Shan Xinyang Maojian 信阳毛尖 The specialty of Henan province, the most northerly grown tea in China. Jiān 尖 Tip Tsim Sha Tsui 尖沙咀 The district at the southern tip of Kowloon in Hong Kong Xishuangbanna 西双版纳 City in southern Yunnan, ground zero for wild tea trees Ankang 安康 Prefectural-level city located at the southeast corner of Shaanxi province. Known as the city of folk songs. Ziyang Maojian 紫阳毛尖茶 Selenium rich tea from Ziyang County in Shaanxi Xī 硒 Selenium Taiping Houkui 太平猴魁 Tea grown near Huangshan in Anhui Houkui 猴魁Monkey King Bai Mudan 白牡丹White Peony tea Baihao Yinzhen 白毫银针 Silver Needle tea. Tieguanyin 铁观音Iron Goddess or Iron Buddha Tea named for Guanyin Anxi 安溪 City in southern Fujian famous for their Tieguanyin Tea Dancong 单枞The most famous tea coming from Guangdong province Chaozhou 潮州 City bordering Shantou on the southeast coast of Guangdong Shantou 汕头 City bordering Chaozhou on the southeast coast of Guangdong Shaxian 沙县 County in west central Fujian province famous for, among other things, their snack foods. Sanming 三明市 city located next to Sha County Jinjunmei 金骏眉A kind of black tea from Tongmu Village in Wuyi Shan Fujian Tongmu Village 桐木村 Village near Wuyi Shanknown as the birthplace of black tea Rougui 肉桂茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Da Hong Pao 大红袍茶 “Big Red Robe” tea. One of the greatest and renowned Rock Teas Tieluohan 铁罗汉茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Shuixian 水仙茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Shui Jin Gui 水金龟茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Bai Ji Guan 白鸡冠茶 Another famous and beloved Rock Tea from the Wuyi Shan area Li Chunsheng 李春生 A Fujianese called Co-father of the Taiwan Tea industry. Left a great legacy in early Taiwan history. Duyun Maojian 都匀毛尖 Tea from Duyun, Guizhou, about two hours by car west of the capital Guiyang. Yugou Cha 鱼勾茶 Fish Hook Tea, former name of Duyun Maojian Tea Guiding Yunwu 贵顶云雾茶 A famous tea of Guizhou Province Meijiang Cuipian 眉江翠片茶 Another great Guizhou green tea Liubao六堡 in the eastern part of Guangxi near the border with Guangdong. Famous for their black tea. Particularly popular in Malaysia and among most all Pu’er lovers. Guiping Xishan tea 桂平西山茶Another great and much loved Guangxi Tea Gan Lu Tea甘露茶 Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan. Wu Lizhen 吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan. Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China Biancha 边茶 Border Tea, tea destined for the markets bordering China. They weren’t choosy. Renmin Gongyuan 人民公园 Nice park in central Chengdu where you can kick back, drink tea and groove on a little Chengdu traditional culture. Cháng zuǐhú 长嘴壶 A long spouted tea pot Chama Gudao 茶马古道 the Ancient Tea Horse Road Tú 荼 The old borrowed character for tea Chá 茶 The character for tea, beginning around Lu Yu’s time in the Tang Mengding shan Xueya 蒙顶山雪芽One of the big teas of the Mengding Shan area Zhuyeqing 竹叶青茶 A great green tea from the E’Mei Shan area in Sichuan Qingcheng shan Snow Bud 青城山雪芽茶Another great Sichuan Tea from the Dujiangyan area E’mei Shan Maofeng 峨眉山毛峰 Yet another great green from Sichuan’s E’Mei Shan region. E’Mei Shan Bai Ya 峨眉山白牙Same with this one. Another famous Sichuan tea. Biluochun 碧螺春 “Green Snail Spring” tea from Jiangsu province. Kangxi 康熙 Grandfather of Qianlong. Both of these emperors were great partons of imperial tea culture. Ming Mei tea茗眉茶a.k.a Lady’s Slender Eyebrows Tea, grown in Wuyuan County just east of Jingdezhen and just south of Wuyuan County 婺源县County in Jiangxi famous for, among other things, tea. Lushan Yunwu 庐山云雾 Jiangxi’s famous Lushan Cloud and Mist tea Jiujiang City 九江City on the western side of Lake Poyang in northwest Jiangxi Zhu De 朱德 Mao’s oldest comrade and PLA Founder. A living legend in his time and beloved by the people. Zhu De's poem about Lushan Yunwu Tea, with Pinyin: Lúshān yúnwù chá, wèi nóng xìng pōlà, ruò dé chángshí yǐn, yánnián yìshòu fǎ.” The flavor of Lushan Yunwu tea is strong and intense. If you drink it for long it is a way to attain longevity. 庐山云雾茶,味浓性泼辣,若得长时饮,延年益寿法 Yichang 宜昌 Historic city in southern Hubei Jingmen 荆门Another ancient Hubei city located north of Yichang Yuan’an County 远安县County in Hubei. Yichang is the administrative seat. Famous for their Yuan’an Lu Yuan Tea. Yuan’an Lu Yuan远安鹿苑茶 The local specialty of Hubei Yuan’an County. A famous yellow tea En’shi Yu Lu 恩施玉露茶 A Hubei green tea from the city of Enshi near the Wufeng Mountains Junshan Yinzhen 君山银针茶 “Gentleman Mountain Silver Needle Tea”, a yellow tea only found on Junshan Island in Hunan. Dongting Hu 洞庭湖 Lake Dongting, located in northern Hunan. Hu 湖 Lake Nan 南 South Bei 北 North Ba Shu 巴蜀 The ancient state in Sichuan who brought us tea cultivateon Tang Taizong 唐太宗 The second emperor of the Tang Dynasty. Already enough said about him. THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed BOOK. “Tea in China: A Religious and Cultural History”by James A. Benn Link to the book Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 53 Minutes 25 Jan 2015

In this penultimate episode of the China History Podcast History of Tea series Laszlo finishes off the story of Robert Fortune and introduces Sir Robert J. Lipton. This CHP long history of Chinese tea started off slow and in this Part 9 fizzles out altogether. Laszlo also introduces a little overview of Pu-erh Tea as an extra bonus. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Wuyi Mountains 武夷山 The fabled Wuyi Mountains of northern Fujian Shen Nong 神农 Second of the Three Soveriegns, discoverer of tea and author of the Bencaojing (see below) Tu 荼 This is what tea used to be called before it became cha 茶 zhenzhu naicha 珍珠奶茶 Boba Milk Tea Bencaojing 本草经 the Classic of Herbal Medicine (attributed to Shen Nong) Wang Bao王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Emperor Xuan宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan Wu Lizhen吴理真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan Mengding shan 蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China The Shuowen Jiezi 说文解字 Han Dynasty dictionary Ming 茗 Another name for Tea Er Ya 尔雅 The first dictionary in China Guang Ya 广雅 An updated version of the Er Ya Ba Shu 巴蜀 巴蜀 Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom Chengdu cai 成都菜 Chengdu style cuisine Shu Feng Yuan 蜀风园 The Chengdu joint in Rowland Heights preferred by Laszlo gongcha 贡茶tribute tea Sui 隋朝 The Sui Dynasty Tang 唐朝 The Tang Dyansty Lu Yu 陆羽 Patron Saint of Tea, prominently featured in History of Tea Part 3 Biancha 边茶 Border tea….tea that was specially processed and packaged for the border peoples of China chama gudao 茶马古道 the ancient Tea-Horse Road Chan Buddhism 禪 Zen Buddhism Lu Tong 卢仝The great poet and bon vivant Qi Wan Shi 七碗诗 Lu Tong’s poem Seven Bowls of Tea Jian ware 建窑 Jian ware xing ware 邢窑 Xing ware from Hebei qīngbái 清白 Unique white porcelain of the Song chaju 茶具 Tea ware Song 宋朝 The Song Dynasty Diancha 点茶 To whisk powdered tea Doucha 斗茶 A tea contest Charen 茶人 A “tea person”, someone in love with or expert in tea Cai Xiang 蔡襄 Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Cha Lu 茶录the Record of Tea Su Shi 苏轼 Famous official, man of letters and all around Hometown Hero of Hangzhou Su Dongpo 苏东坡 Su Shi’s other name Dongpo Rou 东坡肉 The dish attributed to Su Dongpo. A tasty Hangzhou specialty K.S. Lo 罗桂祥 Dr. K.S. Lo (1910-1995) Vitasoy Founder and passionate Yixing pottery and ceramics collector. Ming 明朝 Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Quan 朱权Son of Hongwu Emperor, writer of the Cha Pu (different from the Cai Xiang Cha Pu) Jingdezhen 景德镇 Famous historic city in Jiangxi famous for everything produced from their kilns Yixing 宜兴 City along Tai Hu in Jiangsu famous for their teapots Pu Erh 普洱茶 Pu-er tea (written Pu-Er and with an h on the end.) Oolong 乌龙茶 Oolong tea cha dashi 茶大师 A Tea master dìjíshìi 地级市 A Prefectural level city….has more authority than other cities their size. Xishuangbanna 西双版纳 City in southern Yunnan Simao 思茅 Temporary name for Pu’er. Now a district of Pu’er City zisha 紫砂 Purple clay, main ingredient of Yixing teapots Qingming Holiday 清明节 also known as Grave-Sweeping Festival, Usually falls on April 4 or 5 Shanzhai 山寨 a metaphor for a low-end copy-cat products and factories that produces fakes qi zi bing cha 七子饼茶 Seven Sons Tea Cake cha dao 茶刀 A tea knife Yìwǔ 易武 City in Yunnan Yìwū 义乌 City in central Zhejiang, renowned as the center of China’s merchandise wholesale trade Wuliang 无量山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Ailao 哀牢山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Daxue Mountains 大雪山 Mountain area in Yunnan for famous for their Pu-er Tea Tedian 特点 special point…outstanding characteristic Sheng Pu’er 生普洱 Raw Pu-er tea that has not ripened yet Shou Pu’er 熟普洱 Ripe Pu-er tea that has aged naturally over time or spec up through the Wo Dui process. Wodui 渥堆 A process of speeding up the ripening of raw maocha. cha nong茶农 A tea farmer sha qing 杀青 To “kill green”. Heat the tea leaves to deactivate the enzymes rounian 揉捻 The “rolling” of the tea leaves. Maocha 毛茶 Pu-er tea in its raw state. Can be packed at once for sheng pu-er or wòduīprocessed to speed up the ripening. Kunming Cha Chang 昆明茶厂 the Kunming Tea Factory Bingcha 饼茶 A tea cake Tuocha沱茶 Bird nest shaped cakes of Pu-er tea in all kinds of sizes. hē xibeifēng 喝西北风 To east dust. To “drink the northwest wind” gushu 古树 ancient tree baojianpin 保健品 Health products Babelcap: A Chinese Tea Lexicon http://babelcarp.org/babelcarp/ Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. Robert Fortune’s Two books: Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China A Journey to the Tea Countries of China Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 17 Jan 2015

In this 8th installment of the CHP History of Tea series Laszlo introduces the story of Mr. Robert Fortune. With Britain’s East India Company bankrolling him, Fortune played a most key role in breaking China’s millennia old monopoly of tea manufacturing and export. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Yuantou 源头 The fountainhead or source Chaju 茶具 Teaware Guangcai 广彩 A type of colorful porcelain that was a specialty in Guangzhou Wuyi Shan 武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Lin Zexu 林则徐 19th century Chinese hero who stood up to the West and burned all the opium in Humen in 1839 Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Bohea 武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Congou 工夫红茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Souchong小种 Lapsong Souchong Tea (正山小种茶) Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above) Hyson 熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Gunpowder Tea珠茶 A pellet shaped green tea Longjing cha 龙井茶 Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou Qionglai, Sichuan 四川邛崃 Tea growing city southwest of Chengdu Gaiwan 盖碗 A covered tea bowl. Ren duo hao ban shi 人多好办事 Chairman Mao was credited with saying this…that having a lot of people to do something made the task easier. Sarah Rose’s book: For all the Tea in China THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. Robert Fortunes Two Books: Three Years' Wanderings in the Northern Provinces of China Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} A Journey to the Tea Countries of China Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 04 Jan 2015

In Part 7 of the CHP History of Tea series we look at what happened after Europeans first came to China and instantly fell in love with tea. The period covered in this episode is the late Ming and the Qing. CHP-145 TEA PART 7 TERMS Bohea 武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Hyson 熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Tuihuo 退货 To reject and return cargo. Chanong 茶农 Tea farmer Get atta hee Chicagonese for Get out of here. Qianlong 乾隆帝 Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture Papaver somniferum The Opium Poppy Camellia sinensis The Tea plant Kangxi 康熙帝 Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture Shen Nong 神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Jingdezhen 景德镇 The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world. Lishan Xiaozhong 立山小种 Lapsong Souchong Tea Zhengshan Xiaozhong 正山小种 Lapsong Souchong Tea Wuyi Mountain 武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Qimen cha 祈门茶 Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea. Huangshan 黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Keemun Hao Ya 祁门毫芽 Keemun Maofeng 祁门毛峰 Keemun Congou 祁门功夫 Guangxu 光绪 Second to the last Qing emperor. Tu 荼 What tea used to be called before cha. Kucai 苦菜 A type of bitter vegetable. THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. Link to Pathlight Magazine: http://paper-republic.org/pubs/pathlight/ Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 27 Dec 2014

The China History Podcast's ten part History of Tea continues with this sixth episode. The time is now the late Ming and Qing dynasty. Now Western people are getting a nice close look at tea and imagining the possibilities. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Shen Nong神农 One of the all time greats in legendary Chinese history. Discovered tea’s pleasures and passed it on to Chinese civilization Ba Shu 巴蜀 The Ancient state located in Sichuan and based near Chengdu Jiajing Emperor嘉靖帝 Ming dynasty emperor during whose watch, the foreigners began showing up. Wuyi Shan 武夷山Wu Yi Mountains in northern Fujian Bai Hao 白毫“White hair”, a name given some teas due to the young delivate nature of the buds Hongwu 洪武The Ming founder Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Taizu, The Hongwu Emperor Song Luo Shan 松罗山Mountain located just south of Huang Shan, famous for its great teas and tea history Huangshan黄山 Yellow Mountain in southern Anhui, one of the most sacred mountains in China Jingdezhen 景德镇 The porcelain capital of China and at one time, the whole world. Xiuning County 休宁县 Song Luo Mountain was located here, in Anhui province Bohea 武夷茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Congou 工夫红茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers Pekoe白毫 One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers. (See Bai Hao above). The Dutch would brand tghis tea "Orange Pekoe". Hyson 熙春茶One of the early and historic teas of the age of the China Clippers, also known as Lucky Dragon Tea Chanong 茶农 Tea farmer Qimen cha 祈门茶 Keemun Tea from Anhui, a world class China black tea. Zhangjiakou 张家口The ancient town of Kalgan in Hebei. Huizong 宋徽宗 The last emperor of the Northern Song. He knew a lot about tea. Kangxi 康熙帝Long reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted as a model patron of tea culture Qianlong 乾隆帝 Even longer reigning Qing dynasty emperor who acted even more as a model patron of tea culture Chonghua Palace 重华宫 Longjing cha 龙井茶 Dragon Well Tea from Longjing Village outside Hangzhou Hugong Temple 胡公庙 Temple located in Longjing Village Mt. Shifeng 狮峰山Mountain located near Longjing Village Gaiwan 盖碗 A covered tea bowl. Li Chunsheng One of the two father’s of Taiwan’s tea export industry. Lugu, Nantou County鹿谷鄉, 南投縣 The heartland of Taiwan’s Oolong tea growing area THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 20 Dec 2014

The History of Tea continues with Part 5. In this episode Laszlo looks at tea in the Ming dynasty. This is when loose leaf tea, Jingdezhen and Yixing tea pots hit the big time. CHP-144-Terms Mocha 抹茶 Ground tea in powder form (also written 末茶) Cai Xiang 蔡襄 Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Myoan Eisai 明菴荣西 Japanese Monk Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Northern Song Jin 金朝 The Jurchen Jin Dynasty Yuan dynasty 元朝 The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Doucha 斗茶 To have a tea battle Chaoqing 炒青 The pan frying method of stopping enzymatic oxidation Zheng He 郑和 Famous eunuch admiral who made seven voyages Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder Liu Bang 刘邦 Han Dynasty founder Ming Taizu 明太祖 Temple name of Zhu Yuanzhang Hongwu 洪武 Era name of Zhu Yuanzhang Zisha 紫砂 Purple clay Jingdezhen 景德镇 Jingde Town in Jiangxi Province, named after Zhenzong’s Jingde Era Zhongguo 中国 China Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The First Qin Emperor Qin Dynasty 秦朝 The Qin Dynasty Xinping 新平 Ancient name of Jingdezhenm Changnan 昌南 Former name of Jingdezhen Zhen 镇 A town or township Shi 市 A city or municipality Cun 村 A village Nanchang 南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province Lake Poyang鄱阳湖 Lake Poyang Zhenzong 真宗 The Zhenzong Emperor Zhushan 珠山 Pearl Hill near Jingdezhen Liu Yiqian 刘益谦Shanghai billionaire pharmaceutical magnate and antiques collector Chenghua Emperor成化帝Ming emperor who reigned 1464-1487 Gaiwan 盖碗 A lidded tea bowl Huacha 花茶 scented flower tea Huizong 惠宗 Final Yuan Dynasty emperor Da Ming Yongle Zhi 大明永乐制 Made in the Ming Yongle Era Cha Lu茶录 Tea treatise written by Cai Xiang Zhu Quan 朱权 Son of the Hongwu emperor, younger brother to Zhu Di. Cha Puof 1440 茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Zhu Quan Gu Yuanqing顾元庆 Wrote the other main tea treatise of the Ming dynasty Cha Puof 1541 茶谱 The Tea Treatise by Gu Yuanqing Zhu Di 朱棣 Son of the Hongwu emperor, later reigning as the Yongle Emperor. Xing ware 邢窑 Xing ware from Hebei Yue ware 越器 Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing He cha喝茶 To drink tea pin cha品茶 To sip tea Zhu cha 煮茶 To boil tea Pao cha 泡茶brew tea by steeping Shanxi 山西 Province in China, capital at Taiyuan Shaanxi 陕西 Province in China, capital at Xian Jin斤 A “Chinese pound”, about 500 grams or 1.1 lbs. xi cha 洗茶 To wash or clean tea leaves Yixing 宜兴 City in Jiangsu formerly known as Yangxian Lu Tong卢仝 writer of the poem “Seven Cups of Tea.” Dehua 德化 City in central Fujian Yang hu养壶to raise the teapot gongfu tea 功夫茶 / 工夫茶 Gongfu Tea pinmingbei 品茗杯 A small teacup for sipping tea chahe 茶荷 a scoop used to transfer tea to a pot chapan 茶盘 A Tea tray Princess Wénchéng文成公主 brought nutritional benefits of tea to the Himalaya’s Wanli emperor 万里帝 The long reigning Wanli Emperor 1563-1620 THE SPIRIT OF TEA, a book and traveling exhibition by tea lover and photographer Matthew London. This here’s the link: http://www.spiritoftea.net/CHPto signup for your chance to win a signed print. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 13 Dec 2014

This time in History of Tea Part 4 we continue along the timeline and look at tea in the Song Dynasty. Tea may have been brought to great heights during the Tang but during the Song. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lu Yu 陆羽 Lu Yu, writer of the Classic of Tea Kukai 空海 Japanese Monk, among other things introduced tea to Japan Saicho 最澄 Japanese monk also helped introduce tea to Japan Emperor Saga 嵯峨天皇 Emperor of Japan 806-809 Chama Gudao 茶马古道 The Ancient Tea Horse Route Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Northern Song Kaifeng 开封Capital city during the Northern Song Mocha 抹茶 Ground tea in powder form (also 末茶) Diancha 点茶 To whisk tea Cai Xiang 蔡襄 Great calligrapher and tea expert from the Northern Song Hūizōng 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song Limao 礼貌 etiquette, politeness Wang Xizhi 王羲之 303-361, Jin Dynasty calligrapher, considered China’s greatest calligrapher Cai Jing 蔡京 Hūizōng’s right hand man for many years Also a great literary talent Lantingji Xu 兰亭集序 Wang Xizhi’s great work. Preface to the poems composed at the Orchid Pavilian Su Shi 苏轼 Also known as Su Dongpo, famous official, man of letters and Hangzhou hero Huang Tingjian 黄庭坚 Great literary figure from the Song Mi Fu 米芾 Great literary figure from the Song Su, Huang, Mi, Cai 苏黄米蔡 The four great Song calligraphers Quanzhou 泉州 Historic port city in Fujian Fuzhou 福州 City in Fujian Renzong 仁宗 Song Emperor 1022-1063 Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Song Statesman and all around literary powerhouse Cha Jing 茶经 The Classic of Tea by Lu Yu Cha Lu 茶录 Tea treatise by Cai Xiang Doucha 斗茶 To have a tea battle Mingzhan 茗战 Tea Wars or tea battle Jian ware 建窑 Jian ware Tuhao zhan 兔豪盏 Rabbit fur Daimao zhan Tortoise shell design Zhegu ban Partridge feathers design You di 油滴 Oil drops design in Jian ware Yue qi 越器 Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware 邢窑 Xing ware from Hebei Qingbai 清白 White porcelain of the Song Wulong 乌龙茶 Oolong tea Zhenzong 真宗 Song Emperor 997-1022 Shenzong 神宗 Song emperor 1067-1085 Ya’an 雅安 City west of Chengdu with a rich tea history Han Wudi 汉武帝 Grest Han Dynasty conquering emperor Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin) Wang Anshi 王安石 The great Song era reformer Kaimen qījiàn shi 开门七件事 The Seven Necessities of Living Chan Buddhism 禅宗 Better known as Zen Buddhism Master Xiangmo 降魔藏 Chan Master Xiamngmo of Lingyan Temple on Mount Tai Lingyan Monastery 灵岩寺Chan Buddhist Monastery on Mount Tai Taishan 泰山 Mount Tai near Jinan Daguan Chalun 大观茶论 Song Hūizōng’s Treatise on Tea Silver Needle 银针茶 Silver Needle White Tea Long Life Eyebrow 寿眉茶Long Life Eyebrow White Tea Tribute Eyebrow 贡眉茶Tribute Eyebrow White Tea White Peony 白牡丹 White Peony Tea Zhenghe County 政和县 County in northern Fujian Fuding 福鼎 City in northern Fujian near the Zhejiang border Guihuacha 桂花茶 Osmanthus Tea Myoan Eisai 明菴栄西 Japanese Monk Beiyuan Longfeng Tuancha 龙凤团茶 Dragon Phoenix Tea Cake Wuyi Shan 武夷山The Wuyi Mountains in Fujian Tieguanyin 铁观音 Iron Buddha Oolong tea Yan cha 岩茶 Rock Tea of Wuyi Shan Shaqing 杀青 To “kill the green” Chanong 茶农 Tea Farmer Da Hong Pao 大红袍茶 Big Red Robe Tea Tie Luohan 铁罗汉茶 Tie Luohan tea Bai Ji Guan 白鸡冠茶 Bei Jiguan Tea Shui Xian 水仙茶 Shui Xian Tea Ba Xian 八仙茶 Ba Xian Tea Rou Gui 肉桂茶Rou Gui Tea Zheng Yan Tea Wuyi Rock tea from the mountain summit Ban Yan Tea Wuyi Rock tea from midway up the mountain Zhou Tea Wuyi Rock tea from the river banks Nantou南头 City in Taiwan Jiayi City in Taiwan Hualian 花莲City in Taiwan Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 Founder of the Ming Dynasty, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 06 Dec 2014

In Part 3 of the CHP ten-part history of tea series we look at the life of the Tea Saint, Lu Yu and his great work The Classic of Tea. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Lu Yu 陆羽 Lu Yu Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea Shen Nong 神农 Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer Tianmen 天门 Birthplace of Lu Yu Hubei ren 湖北人 someone from Hubei Longgai Temple 龙盖寺 Dragon Cloud Monastery Chan Buddhist 禅宗 Better known as Zen Buddhism Li Qiwu 李齐物 Tang royal who served as governor in Tianmen Zou Fuzi 邹老夫子 One of Lu Yu's earliest teachers and tea masters Cui Guofu 崔国辅 Tang official who replaced Li Qiwu and served as another mentor of Lu Yu Jiangsu 江苏 Province in the east of China Zhejiang 浙江 Province just south of Jiangsu Jiangxi 江西 Province south of Zhejiang Miaoxi Monastery 妙喜寺Buddhist monastery located in Huzhou. Huzhou 湖州 City in Jiangsu Jiao Ran 皎然 Chan monk Wang Bao 王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Yan Zhenqing 颜真卿 Tang scholar, calligrapher and official Lu Tong 卢仝 The great poet and bon vivant Daizong Emperor 唐代宗 Tang emperor from 762-779 Dezong Emperor 德宗帝 Tang emperor from 779-805 Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 Qing emperor from 1722-1735 Lu Tingcan 陆廷灿 A Tea Immortal, known for his Sequel to the Cha Jing Cha Xian 茶仙 Tea Immortal Xu Cha Jing 续茶经 The Sequel to the Classic of Tea Xia Dynasty 夏朝 The mythical Xia Dynasty Zhongguo Cha wenhua 中国茶文化 Chinese Tea Culture Ba Shu 巴蜀 The Ba Shu State in Sichuan Zhou Gong 周公 The Duke of Zhou Sima Xiangru 司马相如 The poetess from Qionglai in Sichuan Jin Dynasty 晉朝 The Jin Dynasty Hongzhi Era 弘治时代 The Ming dynasty Hongzhi emperor’s era 1487-1505 Abbot Zhiji 智积禅师 Stepfather to Lu Yu and Abbot of the Longgai Monastery Nanling River 南凌河 River north of Yangzhou famous for its water Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Tang emperor Taizong (Li Shimin) Yue qi 越器 Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware 邢窑 Xing ware from Hebei Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern and Northern Dynasty Period Longmen 龙门 City in Shaanxi where Sima Qian was born. . .

  Direct Link   Download 44 Minutes 29 Nov 2014

Laszlo continues his 10-part series introducing the history of tea in China from ancient times to the modern age. This time the focus is on the 7th to 9th centuries during the Tang Dynasty. Tea by now has been transformed from a medicine to an enjoyable and inspirational beverage. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Charen 茶人 Tea Person Shen Nong 神农 Shen Nong, the Divine Farmer Sui Wendi 隋文帝 Founding emperor of the Sui Dynasty Sui Yangdi 隋炀帝 Wendi's son, a man of many excesses Fuchai 夫差 King of the Wu State Han Gou 汗垢 The Han Canal Jin Dynasty 晉朝 The Jin Dynasty Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Tang emperor Taizong Cha Ma Gudao 茶馬古道 The Ancient Tea Horse Road Cha 茶 Tea Tu 荼 Former name of tea before the Tang Dynasty Gong Cha 貢茶 Tribute tea Qingming 清明節 The Qingming Festival Biancha 边茶 Border Tea Qiang 羌 The Qiang people 羌族 Baojianpin 保健品 health products Zhang Qian 张骞 Western Han adventurer and diplomat Shu yu niao zhi lu 鼠与鸟之旅 The road of mice and birds Wencheng Gongzhu 文成公主 Princess Wencheng Songzan Ganbu 松赞干布 Songstan Gampo Suyoucha 酥油茶 Tibetan buttered tea Qionglai 邛崃 Tea town outside of Chengdu Ya’an 雅安 Tea town outside of Chengdu Wenchuan 汶川 Tea town outside of Chengdu Leshan 乐山 Tea town outside of Chengdu Saicho 最澄 Japanese Monk Emperor Saga 嵯峨天皇 Emperor Saga of Japan Mt. Hiei 比叡山 Mountain near Kyoto where the Enryakuji is located Tiantai Buddhism 天台宗 The Tiantai sect of Buddhism Eisai 栄西 Song era Japanese monk Cha Jing茶经 The Classic of Tea Dezong Emperor 德宗帝 The Dezong Emperor Lu Tong 卢仝 The great poet and bon vivant Qi Wan Shi 七碗诗 Seven Bowls of Tea An Lushan 安禄山 Rebel Leader who launched a rebellion from 755-763 Yangxian Zisun Cha 阳羡紫笋茶 Yangxian Purple Bamboo Tea Yue qi 越器 Yue ware from Yuezhou near Shaoxing Xing ware 邢窑 Xing ware from Hebei Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 48 Minutes 21 Nov 2014

Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors Wang Xufeng 王旭烽 One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors Mao Dun Prize 茅盾将 China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer Charen Sanbu Qu 茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng Wang Laoshi 王老师 Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang” Yipian Shuye de Gushi 一片树叶的故事 The Story of a Leaf Yuantou 源头 fountainhead, source Li Yuan 李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu Li Shimin 李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty Emperor Xuan 宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan Wang Bao 王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant Wuyang 武阳 City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market Jiangxi 江西 Province in eastern China Nanchang 南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province Cha 茶 Tea Jia 槚 a former character for tea Tu 荼 ancient name for tea Chuan 荈 a former character for tea She 蔎 a former character for tea Ming 茗 a former character for tea Lu Yu 陆羽 The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing Cha Jing 茶经 The Classic of Tea Cha Sheng 茶圣 The Tea Saint, Lu Yu Shen Nong 神农 The Divine Farmer, Shennong Wugu Xiandi 五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong Shen Nong Bencao Jing 神农本草经 Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal Baicha 白茶 White tea or plain boiled water Cha Lin 茶林 Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died Zhangjiajie 张家界 Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan Ren 人 person Liang Shiqiu 梁实秋 One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979. Kucai 苦菜 Bitter vegetable Shijing 诗经 The Book of Songs Liji 礼记 The Book of Rites Fujian 福建 Fujian province Guangdong 广东 Guangdong province Guangzhou 广州 Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton Xiamen 厦门 Xiamen in Fujian Fuzhou 福州 Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called Quanzhou 泉州 Coastal port city in Fujian Shuowen Jiezi 说文解字 Han Dynasty Dictionary Cun 村 Village Chan Buddhism 禪 Zen Buddhism Zhou Xin 紂辛 Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty Jiuchi Roulin 酒池肉林 The Wine Pool and Meat Forest. Chengdu 成都 Capital of Sichuan Gan Lu Cha 甘露茶 Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan. Wu Lizhen 吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan. Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China Xian Cha 仙茶 The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees Ya’an 雅安 City outside Chengdu famous for tea Qionglai 邛崃 City outside Chengdu famous for tea Sanguo Zhi 三国志 Record of the Three Kingdoms Sun Hao 孙浩 Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness Wei Yao Loyal official to Sun Hao Sima Yan 司马炎 (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder Jin 晋朝 The Jin Dynasty Shang-Zhou-Han 商周汉 The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han Luoyang 洛阳 One of China’s ancient capitals Chang’an 长安 One of China’s ancient capitals (present day Xian) Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin dynasty founder Er Ya 尔雅 The first dictionary in China Guangya 广雅 An updated version of the Er Ya Longjing 龙井 Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea Shu Guo 蜀国 The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan Sanxingdui 三星堆 Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu Ba Shu 巴蜀 Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom Zhou King Wu 周武王 Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king. Haojing 镐京 Western Zhou Capital Ying Zheng 嬴政 The future Qin Shihuang Han Wudi 汉武帝 The great martial emperor of the Western Han Liu Song 刘宋 1st dynasty in the south during the Nanbei Chao, 420-479 Wucheng 婺城 District of Jinhua in Zhejiang, Province. Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Northern and Southern Dynasties Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮 Great strategist and statesman of the 3 Kingdoms period Yang Jian 杨暕 Second Sui emperor and grandson of founder Wendi. Sui Wendi 隋文帝 Founder of the Sui Dynasty Taishan 台山 City in southern Guangdong, southwest of Jiangmen. THE ANTHILL SHANGHAI HOMES by JIE LI Link to CCTV Documentary THE STORY OF A LEAF Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 24 Jul 2014

In this episode we will conclude our CHP overview of the life of Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet. In this 3rd part of the series we'll look at the last couple decades of Backhouse's life. Backhouse remains in Beijing amidst all the turmoil going on during the Japanese invasion and the leadup to WWII. In his final years Backhouse will write a memoir that will engrave his name forever in the footnotes of Chinese history. Recommended Books: Hermit of Peking by Hugh Trevor-Roper Amazon Link Décadence Mandchoue edited by Derek Sandhaus Amazon Link also: The Incarnations, by Susan Barker Amazon Link Great new podcast:Tom Tacken's The First World War in 261 Weeks. www.TheFirstWorldWarIn261Weeks.com The Podcast Link TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China. Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked Guangxu Emperor 光绪帝 The second to the last emperor of China Jin Ping Mei 金瓶梅 Ming Dynasty novel written in the vernacular, known as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus. Considered by many to be slightly pornographic in its content. Shangdiao 上吊 To hang oneself Mingshi 明史 The Ming History. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 24 Jul 2014

Fast on the heels of Part 1 of this CHP overview of the life of the Sinologist Sir Edmund Backhouse, we present Part 2 in this episode. We'll look at the years 1911 to 1924, the years Backhouse committed a bunch of frauds and established himself in London and Beijing as a bit of a flake and someone not to be trusted. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Yongle Dadian 永乐大典 The Yong Le Encyclopedia Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖帝 The Qing Jiajing Emperor Wang Xizhi 王羲之 China's greatest calligrapher Jin Dynasty 晋朝 The Jin Dynasty 265-420 AD Tang Taizong 唐太宗 Co-founder of the Tang Dynasty, also known as Li Shimin 李世民 Lantingji Xu 兰亭集序 The Preface to the Poems Collected from the Orchid Pavilion Zhi Baobuzhu huo 纸包不住火 Paper Can't wrap a fire (impossible to keep a secret) Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government Li Yuanhong 黎元洪 three times president of the Rep. of China. Duan Qirui 段祺瑞 Premier of China 1916-1918 and major military and political figure Yongzheng Emperor 雍正帝 The Yongzheng Emperor, son of Kang Xi 康熙 and father to Qianlong 乾隆 Gansu 甘肃 Province in West China. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 24 Jul 2014

In this episode we will begin a 3-part series covering the life of Sir Edmund Trelawny Backhouse, 2nd Baronet. He lived from 1873 to 1944, spending more than half his life in Beijing. Backhouse is best known for the various frauds he committed over the period of his life. In his last year of life he was urged by Dr. Reinhard Hoeppli to commit his fantastic stories of his life to paper. The result were two memoirs, "The Dead Past", about his days in Europe before 1898 and Décadence Mandchoue, Backhouse's racy and pornographic account of his years in China, mixing with all the Manchu royals and carrying on sexual relationships with the Empress Dowager Cixi and her eunuchs. NOTE TO THIS EPISODE, THANKS TO MATT, A LOCAL TO COUNTY DURHAM I WISH TO CORRECT BACKHOUSE'S BIRTHPLACE TO DARLINGTON, COUNTY DURHAM (NOT RICHMOND, IN NORTH YORKSHIRE). SORRY! TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE baijiu 白酒 Chinese fiery clear alcoholic beverage, between 40-60% ABV Jing Shan 景善 a.k.a. Ching Shan, The court official whose diary Backhouse faked laowai 老外 foreigner Cixi 慈禧 The Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi Li Lianying 李蓮英 Grand Eunuch during the reign of the Dowager Empress Rong Lu 荣禄 Also known as Jung-lu, Cixi's most trusted official, a major power in China. Kang Youwei 康有为 Controversial figure in late 19th century China politics, closely associated with the Hundred Days of Reform under the Tongzhi Emperor. Daoguang 道光 The Daoguang Emperor Prince Chun 醇亲王 Father of the Guangxu Emperor, grandfather of Puyi, half brother of the Xianfeng emperor. Puyi 溥仪 The Last Emperor Liang Shiyi 梁士诒 Yuan Shikai's finance minister, a high-up guy in the Beiyang Government Xu Shichang 徐世昌 President of the ROC from 1918-1922...YUan Shikai's closest advisor and ally.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 62 Minutes 28 Jun 2014

Once again after an almost record-setting gap in the action, we look at a great but unknown Chinese American, Wong Chin Foo (王清福). Though not a well-known person from history, he nonetheless played a major role during the 1880's and 1890's fighting against the racist anti-Chinese immigration laws passed by the U.S. Congress. Author Scott Seligman's book, The First Chinese American tells the whole story of Wong Chin Foo and his times. In this episode we examine the highlights of this remarkable life. Amazon link for the book: http://amzn.to/1qVnIwv TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Wong Chin Foo 王清福 Wong Yen Ping 王彦平 Another name Wong Chin Foo went by Judy Chu 赵美心 U.S. Representative from California’s 27th Congressional District I.M. Pei 贝聿铭 Chinese American architect (born in Guangzhou) An Wang王安 Co founder of Wang Laboratories and great engineer (born in Shanghai) Nancy Kwan关家蒨1960’s actress (born in Hong Kong) Yo-yo Ma马友友 One of the greatest cellists of his age (born in France) Anna Sui 萧志美 Fashion Designer (born in Detroit) Vivienne Tam谭燕玉 Fashion designer (born in Guangzhou) Vera Wang 王薇薇 Fashion designer (born in New York City) Charles Wang 王嘉廉CA Associates International co-founder (born in Shanghai) Amy Tan谭恩美 Writer (born in Oakland) Charles K. Kao高锟 The “father of fiber optics”. Won the 2009 Nobel in physics (born in Shanghai) T.D. Lee 李政道 Won Nobel in Physics in 1957 (born in Shanghai) Samuel C.C. Ting丁肇中 Won Nobel Prize in 1976 in Physics (born in Ann Arbor) Steven Chu 朱棣文 Won Nobel Price in Physics 1997. US Secretary of Energy 2009-13. (born in St. Louis) Gary Locke骆家辉 Former Washington State governor and US ambassador to China Yung Wing 容闳 First Chinese to graduate from a US university (1854) (from Guangdong, Xiangshan) Norman Assing袁生 Community leader in San Francisco’s Chinatown Ng Poon Chew伍盤照 Started the first Chinese language newspaper in the US. (born in Taishan) Wang王 Surname (means “king”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese Huang黄 Surname (means “yellow”) pronounced Wong in Cantonese Shandong山东 Province in China Wong Sa Kee王缓祺 Wong Chin Foo’s earliest name Qingdao青岛 Beautiful coastal city in Shandong Daoguang Emperor道光帝 Qing dynasty emperor during Opium Wars Jimo即墨City of Wong Chin Foo’s birth, just north of Qingdao Yantai 烟台 Coastal city in Shandong Zhifu芝罘Early name for Yantai Penglai蓬莱 City in north Shandong, formerly called Dengzhou Dengzhou登州 Present day Penglai, where Wong Chin Foo lived Zhenjiang镇江 City on the Yangzi River in Jiangsu Xianfeng Emperor咸丰帝 Qing Dynasty emperor Hua Mei Xin Bao 华美新报 The Chinese American, Wong’s first paper. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;}. . .

  Direct Link   Download 57 Minutes 01 Jun 2014

In this final installment of the history of the life and times of the emperor Huizong we look at the series of events that followed the Jürchens' Seige of Kaifeng in 1126-1127. What followed was the Jingkang Incident that for centuries, made Chinese bow their heads in shame. The entire Song imperial family was captured and sent north to live out the rest of their lives in the harsh lands far beyong The Great Wall. But the Jin conquerors did not destroy the Song. The Zhao family continued to keep the dynasty alive in the south. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Qinzong 欽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song, son of Huizong Prince Huan 桓王 Qinzong's title before becoming the emperor Wolibu 斡离不 Son of Jin Dynasty founder Aguda Bozhou 亳州 City in northern Anhui Empress Zheng 郑氏 Wife of Huizong Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong Zhu Mian 朱勔 One of Huizong's most trusted officials...mainly responsible for Huizong's Marchmnount Park. Xixia 西夏 The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China Wanyan Nianhan 完颜粘罕 Top general in the Jin army Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖 Wang Fu 王黼 A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong. Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign. One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Zhenjiang 镇江 City in Jiangsu on the Yangzi, famous for their vinegar (among other things). Zhao Gou 赵構 Ninth son of Huizong and founder of the Southern Song Dynasty, ruling as the Gaozong 高宗 Emperor. Lin'an 临安 Where present day Hangzhou is located...capital of the Southern Song Prince Chen 谌王 Qinzong's heir (but he never got to reign) Fang La 方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court. Zhang Bangchang 张邦昌 Qinzong official. Jin forced him to be a puppet emperor but he remained loyal to the Song. Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938 Shi Chonggui 石重贵 Successor to Shi Jingtang but was taken into captivity by the Liao Qin Gui 秦桧 Court official served Qinzong first and later Gaozong. Yue Fei's death was blamed on Qin Gui. Zhending Near Shijiazhuang 石家庄. One of the stops along the way for Huizong. Yanjing 燕京 Prefecture near modern-day Beijing Cai Tiao Son of Cai Jing. Accompanies Huizong into captivity and wrote an account of the journey Cao Xun Wrote an account of the fall of Kaifeng and the trip by Huizong into captivity. Empres Zhu Qinzong's empress - committed suicide in 1128 Siping 四平 City in Jilin where the Jon Supreme Capital was located. Yilan County 依兰县 In central Heilongjiang, where Five Nations Fort was located. Wuguocheng 五国城 Five Nations Fort Yue Fei 岳飞 Hero and general of the Song who fought the Jin hard to win back lost territory. Jin Zhong Bao Guo 尽忠报国 Serve the country with the most loyalty Huan Wo He Shan 还我河山 Return my rivers and mountains! Yue Fei's demand to the Jin. Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism. Huizong was his benefactor and supporter. Yao 尧 One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝) Shun 舜 One of the Five Mythical Emperors (五帝) Fang La 方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗. . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 10 May 2014

We continue on this episode examining the second decade of Huizong's reign. The good times lasted about twenty years but all good things can't go on forever. By 1120 Huizong is going to begin to see the handwriting on the wall. The years we look at today will the years Huizong later on most regrets. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong Tang Xuanzong 唐玄宗 Tang dynasty emperor, ruled at the peak of the Tang Ming Taizu 明太祖 Also Known as Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 and the Hongwu 洪武 Emperor Liu Hunkang 劉混康 Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Yelü Abaoji 耶律阿保机 Founder of the Liao Dynasty Xixia 西夏 The Western Xia, a Tangut empire that ran 1038-1227. Located south of Liao and west of Song China Nuzhen 女真 Jürchen Khitan Liao 契丹辽代 The Khitan Liao Dynasty Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, played a major role in Huizong's reign. One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Wang Anshi 王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Tong Guan 童贯 Great eunuch general and close advisor to Huizong Liang Shicheng 梁师成 Highest ranking of the palace eunuchs, exercised a great amount of control of and access to Huizong. Wang Laozhi 王老志 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign Wang Zixi 王仔昔 Daoist Master during Huizong's reign Lin Lingsu 林灵素 Daoist master who conceived the Divine Empyrean sect of Daoism. Huizong was his benefactor and supporter. Laozi 老子 Zhuangzi 庄子 Liezi 列子 Huangdi Neijing 黄帝内经 Yao 尧 Shun 舜 Duke of Zhou 周公 Prince Huan 桓王 Chanyuan zhi meng 澶渊之盟 The Treaty of Chanyuan Yan Yun Shiliuzhou 燕云十六州 The 16 Prefectures Li Cunxu 李存勖 Founder of the Later Tang Dynasty Hou Jin 后晋 The Later Jin Dynasty Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Founder of the Song Dynasty Zhao Liangsi 赵良嗣 Liao defector who early on suggested the Song ally with the Jin against Liao. Wanyan Aguda 完颜阿骨打 Jin Dynasty Founder, also known as Jin Taizu 金太祖 Wang Fu 王黼 A Grand Councillor under Huizong. Major proponent to ally with Jin against Liao Haishang zhimeng 海上之盟 The Alliance on the Sea (between Jin and Song) Shi Jingtang 石敬瑭 Founder of the Later Jin Dynasty who gave the Sixteen Prefectures away to the Liao in 938 Yanjing 燕京 Capital of Yan Prefecture, located in and around present day Beijing. Fang La 方腊 Rebel leader of the short-lived but critical Fang La Rebellion Wanyan Wuqimai 完颜吴乞买 Younger brother of Aguda, also known as Jin Taizong 金太宗 Liao Tianzuo 辽天祚 Last emperor of the Liao Dynasty Zhang Jue 张觉 Jin defector who defected to Song and tried to cut a deal with the court.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 18 Apr 2014

This time in Part 2 of our series we look at Huizong as he attempts to assemble his team and deal with bitter factional strife that was rampant since the Wang Anshi New Reforms. We also look at Huizong the great patron of the arts. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Kaifeng 开封 in Henan, Capital of the Northern Song Jianzhong Jingguo 建中靖国 Huizong's first era name 1100-1101 Chongning 崇宁 Huizong's second era name 1102-1106 Daguan 大观 Huizong's 3rd era name 1107-1110 Nianhao 年号 Era Names Wang Anshi 王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Han Zhongyan 韩忠彦 Senior chancellor during Huizong's reign Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Zhenzong 真宗 3rd Song emperor and big time believer and supporter of Daoism Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Chen Guan 陈贯 Conservative faction stalwart and Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign. One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong Su Shi 苏轼, great politician, conservative faction tour de force and local Hangzhou hometown hero. Sima Guang 司马光 Song historian and politician known for his conservative bent San Li 三礼 The Three Li's: The Rites of Zhou, Book of Etiquette and Rites, The Book of Rites Zhou Li 周礼 The Rites of Zhou Yi Li 仪礼 Book of Etiquette and Rites Li Ji 礼记 The Book of Rites Sishu Wujing 四书五经 The Four Books and the Five Classics Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign. One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Zhang Dun 章惇 Chancellor before Cai Jing Wang Dan Chancellor under Zhenzong Renzong 仁宗 The fourth Song emperor Lü Yijian Chancellor under the Renzong emperor Yuanyou 元祐 The first era of Emperor Zhezong's reign Shaosheng 紹聖 Second era of Emperor Zhezong's reign Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Song emperor Taizu, founder of the Song Liu Hunkang 劉混康 Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Maoshan 茅山 Mountain in Jiangsu, home of the Shangqing School of Daoism Laozi 老子 Lao Tzu, founder of Daoism Qinshihuang 秦始皇 The first Qin Emperor, Ying Zheng Shangqing 上清 The Highest Clarity Movement, popular Daoist movement located at Mt. Mao Da Jingzhi 笪淨之 Successor to Liu Hunkang as Master of the Highest Clarity Movement Jinshi 进士 The degree received after passing the 3 year civil service exam. King Helü 阖闾 The warrior king of the state of Wu. (see CHP-111) Sunzi 孙子 Wrote the Art of War Li Jie 李誡 China's greatest architect of ancient time, author of the 营造法式 Yingzao Fashi Yingzao Fashi 营造法式 The Song work: Treatise on Architectural Methods. Also known as the State Building Standards. Li Yu 李煜 Last ruler of the Southern Tang (5 Dynasties 10 Kingdoms Period), developer of the "gold inlaid knife" style of calligraphy Shou jin ti 瘦金体 Slender Gold Style of calligraphy developed early in his reign by Huizong Siku Quanshu 四库全书 The Complete Library of the Four Treasuries is the largest collection of Chinese books ever compiled into a single work. This was a work called for by the Qing Dynasty Qianlong emperor.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 20 Mar 2014

We're going to begin a new series that will look at political, social and cultural life in the late Northern Song. The second the the last emperor Huizong will serve as our vehicle to examine this period in late 11th and early 12th century China. University of Washington professor Dr. Patricia Buckley Ebrey has recently published a book entitled Emperor Huizong. I'm going to use this as one of the main sources. The Song Dynasty was another one of those times when China was the most advanced and economically powerful civilizations on earth. The period which Huizong reigned was one of the high points of the dynasty. But in 1127 the emperor's world will come crashing down with invasions from the north. Today we begin our look at this emperor. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Huizong 徽宗 Song Dynasty emperor who reigned 1100-1127 Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Featured in CHP-071, China's answer to Leonardo da Vinci. Once a reformer, later conservative. Zhao Kuangyin赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, also known by his temple name Taizu 太祖。 Han 汉 Han Dynasty Jin 晋 Jin Dynasty Sui 隋 Sui Dynasty Tang 唐 Tang Dynasty Kaifeng 开封 in Henan, Capital of the Northern Song Lin'an 临安 Near Hangzhou Yuan 元朝 The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Taizu 太祖 Temple name of Zhao Kuangyin, Song founder Taizong 太宗 2nd Song emperor Zhenzong 真宗 3rd Song emperor Renzong 仁宗 4th Song emperor Yingzong 英宗 5th Song emperor Shenzong 神宗 6th Song emperor, father of Huizong Zhezong 哲宗 7th Song emperor, older brother of Huizong Wujing Zongyao 武警总要 Collection of the Most Important Military Techniques, written 1044, explained gunpowder for the 1st time Wang Anshi 王安石 Reformer during Shenzong emperor Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹 Early Reformer of the Song Su Dongpo 苏东坡 Also known as 苏轼, great politician and local Hangzhou hometown hero. Empress Dowager Gao 高太后 Empress to the Yingzong emperor Sima Guang 司马光 Song historian and politician known for his conservative bent Empress Dowager Xiang 向太后 Empress of Emperor Shenzong Consort Chen 陈皇后 Consort of Shenzong, birth mother of Huizong Zhao Xu 赵頊 The Shenzong emperor given name (1st tone Xu) Zhao Xu 赵煦 The Zhezong emperor given name (4th tone Xu) Zhao Ji 赵佶 Huizong's given name Chang'an 长安 Near modern day Xian, ancient capital of the Tang Bian River 卞河 River in Kaifeng Qianlong 乾隆 Qing dynasty emperor who took several tours of China Li Jie 李誡 China's greatest architect of ancient time, author of the 营造法式 Yingzao Fashi Sunzi 孙子 Wrote the Art of War Yingzao Fashi 营造法式 The Song work: Treatise on Architectural Methods. Also known as the State Building Standards. Prince of Duan 端王 Title of Huizong prior to becoming emperor Wang Shen 王诜 Considered one of China's greatest landscape painters. Had early influence on young Huizong's love of art and lit. Consort Liu 刘皇后 Consort of Zhezong Prince of Shen 申王 9th son of Shenzong, also known as Bi, the one with weak eyes. Bi 赵佖 Older brother of Huizong, the one who had bad eyes Cai Jing 蔡京 Northern Song official, later to play a major role in Huizong's reign. One of the greatest calligraphers of his day. Brother of Cai Bian. Cai Bian 蔡卞 Younger brother of Cai Jing. Also a chancellor and famed calligrapher. Wu 赵俣 Zhao Wu, younger brother to Huizong Si 赵似 Zhao Si, younger brother to Huizong Ssi 赵偲 Zhao Ssi, younger brother to Huizong (spelled with 2 "s" to differentiate from Zhao Si) Cixi 慈禧 Cixi Taihou, a.k.a. Empress Dowager Tzu-Hsi Zeng Bu 曾布 Junior Chief Councillor and trusted advisor to Huizong as soon as he became emperor. Zhang Dun 章惇 Chancellor before Cai Jing Liang Congzheng 梁从政 The chief eunuch when Huizong ascended the throne. Gong County 巩县 Former name of Gongyi, where the Song tombs are Gongyi 巩义 City where the ancient Song tombs are located Han Zhongyan 韩忠彦 Senior chancellor during Huizong's reign Liu Hunkang 劉混康 Great Daoist master. b. 1035, d. 1108 Gaige Kaifang 改革开放 Reform and opening up to the world, a policy instituted by Deng Xiaoping in the 80's.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 60 Minutes 02 Mar 2014

We're going to finish off the last 45 years of Morris Two-Gun Cohen's life in this extra-long episode. With Sun Yat-sen now gone, Morris Cohen worked hard to reinvent himself and remain relevant in the world of the Chinese business and politics. Morris will hit some highs and lows in this episode as he tried to leverage his past association with Sun and his obvious loyalty to the KMT into an ongoing and lucrative career. As you'll see in this episode, the road was hardly a smooth one. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Song Ailing 宋蔼龄 Eldest Song sister, married to H.H. Kung Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen, lifelong benefactor to Morris Cohen H.H. Kung 孔祥熙 Husband of Song Ailing. Lifetime KMT stalwart. Economic and Finance guru for the party in the 30's and 40's. Sheng-Gang Dabagong 省港大罢工 The Guangzhou Hong Kong Strike T.V. Soong 宋子文 Brother of Soong Sisters. One of the biggest heavyweights of the late Republican era Eugene Chen Youren 陈友仁 Eugene Chen Known as Sun Yat-sen's foreign minister Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek Sun Fo 孙佛 Son of Sun Yat-sen, also known as Sun Ke 孙科 Hu Hanmin 胡汉民 Close ally of Sun Yat-sen, first supporter, then lifetime political foe of Chiang Kai-shek. C.C. Wu 伍朝樞 Chiang Kai-shek's foreign minister and later a minister to the US. Son of Wu Tingfang. Wu Tingfang 伍廷芳 Official during last years of Qing. Later a top diplomat in the Nationalist government. Wellington Koo 顾维钧 Longtime diplomat and KMT stalwart Li Jishen 李济深 Military strongman based in Guangzhou. Had a falling out with Chiang Kai-shek and stayed in China after 1949 Chen Jitang 陈济棠 Governed Guangdong province from 1929-1936. Another of Morris's paymasters. Nan Tianwang 南天王 Celestial King of the South, Chen Jitang's nickname down in Guangdong. Wu Tiecheng 武铁成 Another KMT heavy. Served as mayor of Shanghai and later high up in the post 1949 KMT. Another paymaster to Morris. Xianbing Dui 宪兵队 The dreaded Japanese Kempeitai Shuangqiang Ma Kun 双枪马坤 Two-Gun Morris Cohen. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 23 Feb 2014

Today I wanted to introduce a sort of lovable rogue who haunted the hotel lobbies of Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, London and Edmonton. Today's subject was by no means a historic figure. In fact, I don't think you can even call him a bit player. Nonetheless, Morris Abraham Cohen had a China story that deserves a telling. Today's episode will look at his early life, how he ended up in Canada and how he got hooked up with the local Chinese Canadians. We'll get as far as the death of Sun Yat-sen in early 1925. We'll finish up next time with Morris Cohen's life after Dr. Sun. I mainly used Daniel S. Levy's superb biography: Two-Gun Cohen, A Biography. Here's the amazon link: http://amzn.to/1fijARM TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Ma Kun 马坤 Morris Cohen's Chinese name Tongmenghui 同盟会 Sun's Political Party, later became KMT Puyi 溥仪 Last Emperor of the Qing dyansty Song Qingling 宋庆龄 Madame Sun Yat-sen, Soong Ch'ing-ling Guo Fu 国父 Father of the Country, Sun Yat-sen Fuguan 副官 Body guard, aide-de-camp. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 19 Jan 2014

In this episode we revisit the founding of the Tang Dynasty and focus in on the events leading up to, during and right after the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. This slice of historic theater took place on July 2, 626. It resulted in the victory of Li Shimin over his two brothers. Not long afterwards Li Shimin was promoted by his father to the emperorship and reigned as Tang Taizong. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chang’an 长安 Ancient capital of the Tang and other dynasties. Located in present day Xian Xuanwu men zhi biàn 玄武门之变 The Incident at Xuanwu Gate Zizhi Tongjian 资治通鉴 The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government Sima Qian 司马迁 Considered China’s greatest ancient historian, writer of the Records of the Grand Historian (the 史记) Sima Guang 司马光 Credited with compiling the The Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government Ouyang Xiu 欧阳修 Song dynasty official and all-around universal man featured in CHP-071. Wang Anshi 王安石 Early Song Dynasty official responsible for instituting some major reforms Tang Huiyao 唐会要 The Institurtional History of the Tang, written by Wang Pu Zhao Kuangyin 赵匡胤 Song dynasty founder, The Taizu Emperor Wang Pu 王浦 Credited with the writing of the Tang Huiyao Tang Shu 唐书 The (Old) Book of Tang Xin Tang Shu 新唐书 The New Book of Tang Tong Dian 通典 The Comprehensive Statutes Li Shimin 李世民 Known as The emperor Tang Taizong 唐太宗, as well as the Prince of Qin and the Duke of Dunhuang Li Yuan 李渊 Known as the emperor Tang Gaozu 唐高祖 Li Jiancheng 李建成 The Crown Prince also known as the Duke of Longxi Li Yuanji 李元吉 Youngest son of Li Yuan, also known as the Prince of Qi Li Zhiyun 李志云 Son of Li Yuan from one of his concubines Taiyuan 太原 Capital of Shanxi Province and power base of the Li Tang clan. Niangzijun 娘子军 The Army of Women, let by the Princess Pingyang Pingyang Gongzhu 平阳公主 The daughter of Li Yuan, a great military leader. Sui Yangdi 隋炀帝 The Sui Emperor Yang Li Hu 李虎 Grandfather of Li Yuan Bazhuguo 八柱国 The Eight Pillars of the Western Wei Yuwen Tai 宇文泰 Founder of the Western Wei Dynasty Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Southern & Northern Dynasty Period. Li Xi 李熙 Grandfather of Li Hu Li Tianxi 李天锡 Father of Li Hu Li Song 李嵩 Founder of the Western Liang (西凉) Longxi 陇西 Place in easternmost Gansu Province Tuoba 拓拔 Clan name for many Xianbei people. The Tuoba’s founded the Northern Wei Dynasty Liu Bang 刘邦 Founder of the Han Dynasty (Han Gaozu 汉高祖) Wu Zetian 武则天 Concubine of Tang Taizong, wife of Tang Gaozong and later empresss of China. Daixian 代县 Located in present day Shanxi province Wude 武德 The Era name of the Tang Gaozu emperor Liu Heita 刘黑闼 Sui rebel general, served under Li Mi and Wang Shichong (see below). Dou Jiande 窦建德 Sui rebel general and enemy of the Tang Wang Shichong 王世充 First a Sui general, then helped bring Emperor Yang down. Later defeated the other rebel leader Li Mi (see below) Xue Ju 薛举 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui Li Mi 李密 One of the major rebel generals who helped bring down the Sui. Yuwen Huaji 宇文化及 General during the Sui, later led a coup against Emperor Yang and delivered the death blow. Jiangdu 江都 District of Yangzhou Yangzhou 扬州 City in Jiangsu Jiangsu 江苏 Rich province in eastern China. Zhangsun Wuji 长孙无忌 Served as a chancellor during the time of Taizong and Gaozong. Yuchi Jingde 尉迟敬德 Later became the Door God (门神), close ally of Taizong, he fired the arrow that killed Li Yuanji. Fang Xuanling 房玄龄 Served together Du Ruhui (see below) as chancellor Du Ruhui 杜如晦 Chancellor during the reign of Taizong, one of the best it’s said. Gao Shilian 高士廉 Uncle of Taizong’s wife (Lady Dou), also a high ranking official during his reign. Gengshen 庚申 A day in the Chinese calendar Zhang Jieyu 张婕妤 Official during time of Tang Gaozu and Taizong Pei Ji 裴寂 Official during Sui and Tang Dynaties, served Tang Gaozu and Taizong. Xiao Yu 蕭瑀 Ally of Tang Gaozu and Taizong, later a high ranking official Chen Shuda 陈叔达 Ally of Tang Taizong, later became his chancellor. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 30 Dec 2013

After a record-breaking pause in the action Laszlo is back with one last episode to finish off 2013. This time we look at the interesting and amusing history of Chinese cuisine in America, an oft requested topic here at the China History Podcast. This is a history that goes hand in hand with the earliest Chinese immigration to the US. If you’re interested to learn more on the subject check out Andrew Coe and Jennifer 8 Lee’s books. The links to amazon are below: Andrew Coe – “Chop Suey” http://amzn.to/1h99KCp Jennifer 8. Lee – “The Fortune Cookie Chronicles” http://amzn.to/1elXxph. . .

  Direct Link   Download 60 Minutes 27 Nov 2013

In this episode we take a look at the circumstances and times when the brand spanking new nation of the USA came a calling to China for the very first time. The so-called “Most Important Relationship in the World” had very humble origins indeed. When representatives of the United States first arrived in Canton in August 1783 they really had a lot of explaining to do about who they were and where they came from. Repeatedly they had to explain to the Chinese who interacted with them that they weren’t British. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Qianlong 乾隆 The Qing emperor who reigned 1735-1796 Guangzhou 广州 Canton Wujing 五经 The Five Classics Sishu 四书 The Four Books Zhong-Mei guanxi 中美关系 China – US Relations Lao Mei 老美 a term for America or Americans…not particularly a polite way to say it Lao Zhong 老中 I never heard this used before…but the counterpart of Lao Mei Jin Sha 金沙 Cumshaw. A bribe given in the form of a gift (means gold sand or gold dust) Wuyi Cha 武夷茶 Bohea Tea A popular type of tea export back in the day Xichun Cha 熙春茶 Hyson Tea Another popular type of tea export back in the day. Bupingdeng tiaoyue 不平等条约 Unequal Treaty Qiying 耆英 Known as “Keying”, a Manchu noble who signed many Unequal Treaties Wangxia Tiaoyue 望夏条约 The Treaty of Wangxia July 3, 1844 Guanyin Tang 观音堂 The Temple in Macao where the Treaty of Wangxia was signed Puji Chanyuan 普及禅院 The former name of this temple Da-Qing 大清 The name of the Qing Empire…means Great Qing Jean Baptiste Du Halde, writer of the The General History of China http://www.archive.org/stream/generalhistoryof01duha#page/n0/mode/2up. . .

  Direct Link   Download 49 Minutes 04 Nov 2013

This week we look at the Khitan people of the steppes. These people came from the lands in between Manchuria and Mongolia. Their most famous son was Yelü Abaoji who took his people to great heights in the early 10th century. His Liao Dynasty in the north of present day China ran concurrently with the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 20 Oct 2013

In this episode we explore the life and times of Zhuge Liang (181-234 AD). He’s a very good example of a well-known name from Chinese history that many have heard of but aren’t quite sure why. He lived during the Eastern Han and Three Kingdoms periods. Zhuge Liang is mostly remembered for his cleverness and continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 76 Minutes 09 Oct 2013

Today after a month-long break the CHP is back with another episode. This time we look at the life and times of Sir Y.K. Pao. In telling the story of Sir Yue-kong Pao (Bao Yugang in Mandarin) we can also relive the periods in China and Hong Kong during the 1960′s, 70′s and into the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 51 Minutes 03 Sep 2013

After the longest delay in between CHP episodes ever, we resume our Chinese history voyage. This time we look at a topic that isn’t particularly well-known but offers a glimpse of one sliver of the Chinese diaspora that began once the Qing Dynasty began to fall on hard times. The story of the Chinese continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 05 Aug 2013

In this part 4 episode we conclude our overview of the Chinese Civil War. After the Pingjin Campaign ended in January of 1949 it was time for the Communists to finish off what they started. Victory was imminent but by no means would it be easy and simple. The PLA forces dramatically crossed the Yangzi continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 15 Jul 2013

This episode mainly covers the year 1948 and the three great campaigns that sealed Chiang Kai-shek’s fate on the Chinese mainland. The focus will be on the Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin Campaigns that not only grabbed all of north China and Manchuria for the Communists but the heartland and everything north of the Yangzi River continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 30 Jun 2013

This week’s episode focuses mainly on the year 1947. The Americans have now left and the NRA and PLA attack each other with all they got. The years starts out well for the Nationalists as they pummel the PLA in Manchuria and in the north. But once the summer offensive begins, it’s a steady continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 10 Jun 2013

In this week’s episode we begin a multi-part series covering the Chinese Civil War from 1945 to 1949. In China this is known as the War of Liberation. In this Part 1 we will look at the background leading up to the war as well as failed attempts by the Americans in 1945-1946 to continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 19 May 2013

In this episode we will conclude our overview of the life and times of John Stewart Service. Ambassador Hurley has declared war against his detractors. US-China policy is thrown for a loop as the two contenders for power vie for control of the agenda. Already the CCP and KMT are facing off militarily in some continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 53 Minutes 07 May 2013

This week’s episode runs way into overtime but at least we’re getting through to the end of 1944. The Dixie Mission is in full swing by the end of that year. John Service has established himself in Washington circles as one of the most informed and dynamic China hands. But there are those who don’t continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 22 Apr 2013

In this second episode covering the life of John S. Service we take a look at the general situation and the proliferation of mistrust and bad faith in wartime Chongqing. Chiang Kai-shek remains baffled and frustrated with American efforts to cozy up to Mao. He blames the China Hands such as John Service for feeding continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 09 Apr 2013

This week we explore the life and times of John S. Service. I’m using writer Lynne Joiner’s book Honorable Survivor, Mao’s China, McCarthy’s America and the Persecution of John S. Service. This original “China Hand” was born in China and grew up in Chengdu and Shanghai. He went on to a brilliant career in the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 28 Mar 2013

This episode takes a slightly deeper look at the Shang Dynasty and their signature achievement, the oracle bone script. Some of this episode will be a repeat of things covered in CHP-015. Like the oldest parts of the oldest world civilizations a lot of what we “know” is the collective guesswork of the best minds continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 15 Mar 2013

This week we look at the Canadian and international hero Dr. Norman Bethune. Bethune is a staple among noted western friends and advisors who came to China in 1938 to help the Communists and the people in their struggle against the Japanese. He was not only a great friend of China, but a gifted and continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 02 Mar 2013

This week we look at a topic many have heard about but aren’t familiar with the details. We look at the early origins of the Jewish people in China and the time of the settlement in Kaifeng, Henan. Although you’d be hard pressed to find a minyan amongst the native Jews in Kaifeng today, continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 19 Feb 2013

This week we delve back into the mists of ancient times to look at the State of Wu from the Spring & Autumn Period. Although they didn’t last long, the Wu State had a major impact on the development of the culture of the Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai region. There are a few Wu periods in Chinese history. continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 54 Minutes 10 Feb 2013

In this episode we will conclude our History of Hong Kong overview. We’ll look at the years following the 1967 riots and the reforms championed by Governor Murray MacLehose in the 1970′s and 80′s. We’ll close out this series by looking at the dramatic lead up to and the signing of the Joint Declaration, the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 21 Jan 2013

In this week’s episode we look at the year 1967 in Hong Kong. The words “riots” and “1967″ go hand in hand when talking about Hong Kong history. Although the events that went down between May and December of 1967 caused death, mayhem and destruction throughout the territory, when it was all over it continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 10 Jan 2013

After a bit of a break we pick up after the the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. The 1950′s was a stressful time for Hong Kong with Britain managing a diplomatic balancing act trying to be a good neighbor to the new PRC and to their closest ally, the USA. Thanks to the exodus of continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 14 Minutes 04 Jan 2013

Although it’s late by a few days, Laszlo finally uploads his 2013 New Years Greeting to all listeners of the China History Podcast. Thanks everyone for all your kind emails, comments and endless encouragement. The China History Podcast will strive to bring you another year of enlightenment covering topics from 5,000 years of Chinese history continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 24 Dec 2012

Jiu yi ba 九一八 9-18, September 18, 1931 Mukden (Shenyang) Incident Wong Nai Chong Gap 黃泥涌峽 Gap on rocky Hong Kong island where one can go from north to south. San nian ling bage yue 三年零八个月 The 3 years and 8 months (of Japanese occupation) Kempeitai 宪兵队 The Japanese Military Police Yingjun Fuwutuan 英军服务团 The British continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 16 Dec 2012

In this latest installment of the CHP History of Hong Kong overview we look at the years from Governors Nathan to Peel. The modern age comes to Kong Kong along with plenty of fallout and spillover from the upheavels going on in China in the 1920′s and 30′s. This was a period when the great continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 02 Dec 2012

In this fifth installent of our Hong Kong history overview we look at the final couple decades of the 19th century. Hong Kong’s second generation is coming to the fore. They are a better educated and more sophisticated lot than those Chinese who came before them. This time period saw the governorships of MacDonnell, Kennedy, continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 17 Nov 2012

We continue this overview series on the history of Hong Kong. This time we pick up right after the Treaty of Nanjing and look at the early efforts to get this colony up and running. The first couple decades of Crown Colony of Hong Kong weren’t easy and many considered throwing in the towel early. continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 09 Nov 2012

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Chuanbi Caoyue 穿鼻草约 The Convention of Chuen-pi Nanjing Tiaoyue 南京条约 The Treaty of Nanjing Qishan 琦善 Manchu official and Elliot’s counterpart in negotiations Daoguang Emperor 道光帝 Emperor of China during the Opium Wars Huangpu 黄埔 Port of Whampoa Amoy 厦门 City of Xiamen in Fujian, referred to as Amoy in the old continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 27 Oct 2012

In part two of Laszlo’s overview of the history of Hong Kong, we look at the Canton System and the leadup to hostilities that culminated in the Treaty of Nanjing that ceded Hong Kong in perpituity to the British crown. In this episode we’ll get as far as the Convention of Chuenpi of January 20, continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 13 Oct 2012

Laszlo is back after another long delay. In this shorter than usual episode, The China History Podcast presents Part 1 of a multi-part series that will explore the history of Hong Kong. In this introductory episode, Laszlo starts at the very beginning and traces Hong Kong from the Devonian Period all the way up the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 09 Oct 2012

Flying in to sunny Southern Cali for the occasion of Laszlo’s 100th episode was none other than Mr. Ray Harris Jr. of the world renowned History of WWII Podcast. Ray and Laszlo hung out together in the quaint and lovely town of Claremont, California and recorded this episode the evening of September 4, 2012. Ray continue reading >>Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 45 Minutes 26 Sep 2012

In this episode we introduce American Sidney Rittenberg, 李敦白,known by the title of his 1993 book as “The Man Who Stayed Behind.” He arrived in China in his 20′s at the end of WWII and witnessed the Chinese Revolution from a front row seat. When the US pulled out of China after the war, Sidney continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 52 Minutes 17 Sep 2012

In this longer than usual episode, we feature the three giants of the Jesuit China Mission of the 16th and 17th centuries. In addition to their work in introducing Catholicism to China, these three men, Matteo Ricci, Johann Adam Schall von Bell and Ferdinand Verbiest made a collective contribution to the scholarship of China that continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 10 Sep 2012

Many of you have requested this topic and today the CHP delivers. In this episode we offer a brief overview of something almost everyone has heard about but very few actually know what it is. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Yijing 易经 The I Ching Zhou Yi 周易 The Changes of Zhou Fu Xi 伏羲 Mythical continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 01 Sep 2012

This episode we look at Wang Xizhi, a man of letters who achieved greatness during the Eastern Jin dynasty and is called China’s greatest calligrapher. His life and achievements will be explored along with the significance of calligraphy in Chinese culture. We’ll also recall those crazy times in the fourth century AD. TERMS FROM THIS continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 23 Aug 2012

Like Guan Yu in the previous episode 081, Yue Fei of the Southern Song Dynasty was a heroic and legendary military man in Chinese history. He dedicated his life to resisting the aggression of the Jurchens of the Jin dynasty. The Jurchens had booted the Song dynasty out of northern China in 1127. Yue Fei continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 15 Aug 2012

We close out our three part series on the amazing life of Admiral Zheng He and his seven voyages. This time the CHP looks at retired submarine commander Gavin Menzies and his take on what Zheng He achieved. He makes some wild claims that have been savagely attacked by educated people around the world. If continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 08 Aug 2012

We continue on with the voyages of Zheng He. This time we we look at some of the highlights from all seven voyages. Then after the Yong Le and Xuan De emperors pass from the scene, no further emperors are interested to put their seal of approval on any more of these pricey expeditions. With continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 29 Jul 2012

Laszlo is back after more than two weeks on the lam. This time we look at part 1 of a series featuring the great adventurer/explorer/diplomat Zheng He. Zheng He’s seven voyages to India, Persia and the east coast of Africa created a big sensation in the early 15th century. Today Chinese look back with pride continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 11 Jul 2012

We’re back in ancient days again, this time the short period in between the Qin and Han Dynasties when two great leaders, Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, contended for the throne left vacant by the deceased first emperor of China, Qin Shihuang. Xiang Yu has gone down in the annals of Chinese history as one continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 02 Jul 2012

In this final episode of the Cultural Revolution overview we look at the events that went down in 1976 as well as the massive mopping up operation that took place after the fall of the Gang of Four. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE: Babaoshan 八宝山 Cemetery in Beijing reserved for leaders and revolutionary heroes laobaixing 老百姓 continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 25 Jun 2012

In this week’s episode we get all the way up to the end of 1975. With Zhou Enlai ailing and Mao Zedong also not long for the world, there is a sudden urgency to find a successor to the chairman. Now more than ever the two opposing camps take every measure to defeat the other. continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 19 Jun 2012

In this episode we finish off 1969, a year that not only saw internal revolt and anarchy but also saw armed border confrontation with the Soviet Union in the freezing northeast. Chairman Mao Zedong pulls out all the stops to quell the violence and rebellion that he himself called for at the outset of the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 47 Minutes 13 Jun 2012

In the fifth installment of our China History Podcast overview of the Cultural Revolution we look at the milestone events of 1967: The February Countercurrent, 8 Point Program, 10 Point Program and the Wuhan Incident. Lots of blood and violence during this difficult year in China. Added to this was no small amount of political, continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 04 Jun 2012

The second half of 1966 and into 1967 saw some of the worst excesses of the Cultural Revolution. In this episode the violence spreads throughout China and anyone with something to hide about their class background is tracked down and forced to endure the most horrible of fates. Mao is liking what he sees and continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 28 May 2012

In this third episode of Laszlo’s Cultural Revolution Overview we only advance 18 days in August of 1966. Momentous and shocking events happen one after another, day after day. With the announcement of the 16 Points, now the Cultural Revolution has a purpose and guidelines to follow. Today’s episode will show that Mao had continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 40 Minutes 21 May 2012

This week Laszlo takes us up to August 1966 with this Cultural Revolution overview. After a nine month hiatus down in the Hangzhou, Shanghai and Wuhan, Mao is now back in Beijing and ready to mount his attack on the party leadership and unleash the Cultural Revolution on the entire country. Terms used in this continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 13 May 2012

By popular demand Laszlo begins to trace the history of the Cultural Revolution. This week’s episode looks at the events leading up to the moment in 1966 when Mao called for the people to Bombard the Headquarters and to tear down the government. Terms used in this episode: Dazibao 大字报 Big Character Poster Paoda Silingbu continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 30 Apr 2012

Firstly, Laszlo apologizes in advance for the horrific pronounciation of all terms Hindi. This week the topic is the history behind Sino-Indian relations. This is an extremely emotive, complex and sometimes incendiary topic, conveniently encapsulated in an easy to digest half hour episode. The long history of Chinese-Indian Relations is overwhelmoingly one of peaceful coexistance, continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 23 Minutes 23 Apr 2012

Known by many names, Guan Yu, Guan Gong, Guan Di, this great man of loyalty, integrity and justice lived during the final years of the Eastern Han Dynasty. His oath of brotherhood with Liu Bei and Zhang Fei is the stuff of legends and remembered to this very day. Guan Yu was a historical person continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 14 Apr 2012

This week we look at a committed Communist Party leader who played an important role in steering China’s economy and financial system from 1949 to 1966 and during the Deng era. Like many other leaders of his generatiom, Shanxi-born Bo Yibo suffered terribly during the Cultural Revolution. Today he is best remembered as one of continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 48 Minutes 05 Apr 2012

This time we look at Missouri-born Carl Crow (1883-1945). Though pretty much forgotten today, Carl Crow lived an amazing life and was a prolific writer. From his front row seats to many of the historic events in China between 1911-1937, Crow wrote many books about his observations and opinions. He has gone down in history continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 0 Minutes 26 Mar 2012

This week we look at the Ma Family Clique, a notorious family of Hui Muslim Warlords who ruled the northwest provinces of Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang and Qinghai from the period beginning in the final years of the Qing dynasty all the way to 1949. The Ma Zhan’ao Family Ma Zhan’ao 马占鰲 Ma Anliang 马安良 son continue reading >>Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 14 Mar 2012

In this farewell look at the Silk Road, we discuss a few more interesting things and then give the travels and adventures of Marco Polo a once over. Terms used in this episode: Frances Wood: Did Marco Polo Go to China? China Between Empires: Mark Edward Lewis: Book about the Northern & Southern Kingdoms Eastern continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 06 Mar 2012

Another fortnight, another China History Podcast. We return to the Silk Road and focus our attention on the monk Xuanzang. His was an interesting life. Through looking at Xuanzang you can truly gain a sense of the importance of Buddhism in China, India and almost the entirety of Central Asia. If not for the mechanism continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 20 Feb 2012

Xi JInping left U.S. soil last night after taking in the Laker game at Staples Center. His visit this week went off without a hitch. Today we look at Xi Jinping’s life in the context of PRC history. This fifth generation leader is someone who has a rich background not only in Party and military continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 39 Minutes 12 Feb 2012

Laszlo’s back from Germany and after a long delay we pick up where we left off. In this episode we reacquaint ourselves with the background and early years of the Silk Road.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 23 Jan 2012

The Triads of Hong Kong have an interesting historical past that shaped their development throughout the years. Today we look at their origins and some of the more important historic events that made them the violent international criminal gangs they are today.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 16 Jan 2012

Now that we have Deng Xiaoping out of the way, we’re back looking at random topics throughout the ages. This week we look at the great Song Dynasty statesman and sage Ouyang Xiu (1007-1072). In this episode we’ll review aspects of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127) and Ouyang Xiu’s place in this amazing age in continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 08 Jan 2012

Today we conclude our eight-part overview of Dr. Ezra Vogel’s recent biography of Deng Xiaoping. In this installment we focus on Deng’s dramatic and brilliant Southern Tour of January-February 1992.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 30 Dec 2011

After a holiday delay, Laszlo is back with the 7th and almost final episode of our overview of Ezra Vogel’s new biography of Deng. In this episode we look at the meat and potatoes of the Reform years from 1979 to 1989.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 19 Dec 2011

In this sixth installment of the Deng Xiaoping overview we focus in on 1978-1979. In this episode we see Deng return to power a third time. Deng immediately throws all his energy into advancing the cause of modernization in China. The age of reform takes off in earnest. But first he has to deal with continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 15 Dec 2011

This week’s episode looks at the exciting events that all went down in 1976. Deng Xiaoping is on the defensive thanks to his 1975 policies to revive the nation. But a concatenation of events will happen starting on January 8 and ending on October 6 that will both bring Deng back and rock China. But continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 38 Minutes 03 Dec 2011

After a bit of a delay, this week we look again at Deng Xiaoping and his struggles during the Cultural Revolution Years from 1966 to 1975. Seems we still have a long way to go yet. Be on the lookout in the coming weeks for a possible new iTunes Feed for the China History Podcast.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 23 Nov 2011

Today in Part 3 of our Deng Xiaoping overview we look at The Great One’s life from 1952 after his return from the Southwest Bureau all the way up to the start of the Cultural Revolution.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 14 Nov 2011

This time we continue on with our overview of the great leader Deng Xiaoping. We pick up in 1937 with the invasion by Japan, the civil war and the founding of the PRC. We examine Deng’s achievements all the way up to 1952, the year he left the Southwest Bureau and returned to Beijing to continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 07 Nov 2011

Laszlo is happily back in Cali with a new episode that looks at the early years of Deng Xiaoping. Most of the narrative is based on passages gleaned from Ezra Vogel’s new biography of The Great One. Inspired by the events of May Fourth 1919, Deng Xiaoping was a lifelong revolutionary and by the end continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 31 Oct 2011

This time we take a look at four Westerners who committed their lives to the People’s Republic of China. These four foreigners, Agnes Smedley, Anna Louise Strong, George Hatem and Israel Epstein were all friends of China and were admired by China’s leaders. Upon their deaths they were given the honor of internment at China’s continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 35 Minutes 17 Oct 2011

Today we jump over much of the history of the 1940′s and zero in on the moment when the PRC was officially established on Oct 1, 1949. Today’s podcast episode offers a general overview of the first year of the PRC and some of the multitude of challenges Mao and China’s new leaders faced.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 20 Minutes 07 Oct 2011

Before we head back to modern times, we look at the mythological beginnings of the Chinese people and the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors. This period preceded China’s legendary Xia Dynasty and the beginnings of Chinese recorded history in the Shang.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 18 Minutes 29 Sep 2011

This week we look at the immortal Zhou Gong, the Duke of Zhou. If he isn’t the most revered person from Chinese history, he’s certainly in the top three. He guided the earliest years of the Zhou Dynasty through treacherous times. Zhou Gong was responsible for building a great amount of the foundation from continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 19 Sep 2011

This week’s episode runs a little long as there won’t be anything for the following week. Today’s episode looks at the life and interesting career of Sir Robert Hart (赫德), an Ulsterman from Northern Ireland. For most of his life he lived in China in the employ of the Zongli Yamen. Though his official title continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 23 Minutes 11 Sep 2011

Mid-Autumn Festival takes place every year on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese calendar. This year that date falls on September 12. The Chinese world will be celebrating the holiday in very much the same way that generations have enjoyed going back to ancient times. Families will get together and stroll continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 03 Sep 2011

Thanks to RL in Hefei for the inspiration, this week we take a look at China and Japan’s difficult history. We focus on the historical events that led to “2,000 years of friendship and 50 years of confrontation,” as CPCCC member Zhao Qizheng 赵启正 said recently in the People’s Daily. We look at the background continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 30 Aug 2011

Today we’re back with more history. We look at the Shanghai Massacre of April 12, 1927. This was the defining moment when Chiang Kai-shek and his allies and supporters made a bloody break with the Communists.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 14 Aug 2011

The 1920′s in Republican era China was anything but quiet and uneventful. In this episode we focus in on the general situation in China during the period of the early 1920′s. This was a time when the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) and KMT (Kuomintang) were in the same bed dreaming their different dreams. It was continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 08 Aug 2011

We close out our little overview of Daoism by looking at the most powerful and popular Daoist deities. In this episode you will meet the Three Pure Ones and the Eight Immortals with a focus on Lu Dongbin and Zhongli Quan.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 29 Jul 2011

More Daoism this week. We look at Zhuangzi and trace the development of Daoism during the classical age from the Han Dynasty to the Tang. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 20 Jul 2011

In this week’s episode Laszlo tackles Daoism, a philosophy, a religion and way of life that everyone has heard about but not everyone learned the backstory. This time we look at the history and the times that spawned this most fertile of philosophies. In later episodes we’ll dig a little deeper and look more at continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 11 Jul 2011

Today we have some lighter fare than usual. Nine months ago we looked at one great Hong Kong tycoon, Li Ka-shing. Today we look another. In this episode we look at the life and career of entertainment mogul Sir Run Run Shaw and the Shaw Brothers organization. Born in Ningbo in 1907, along with his continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 01 Jul 2011

Thanks and 非常感谢 to listener Steaven who alerted me that the July 1st podcast was cut-off two thirds of the way through. After rallying the entirety of the resources here at the China History Podcast, we were able to resolve the problem and have re-uploaded this episode. Our profoundest apologies. In commemoration of the festivities continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 22 Jun 2011

In this episode we look at the life of one of the bravest and greatest adventurers of ancient times. Zhang Qian was selected by the Han Dynasty Emperor Wu to make a political alliance with a distant central Asian people, the Yuezhi. Zhang Qian’s thirteen year journey to the west between 138 BC and 126 continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 16 Jun 2011

May 4, 1919 was an historic day in modern Chinese history. The demonstration in Beijing and the subsequent movement brought seismic changes to Chinese culture, politics and literature. All the leaders of modern China who played a founding role in the establishment of the PRC were influenced by the writings and ideas that grew out continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 36 Minutes 07 Jun 2011

The Qing Dynasty formally came to an end on February 12, 1912 when the last emperor Puyi abdicated. That same year the Republic of China was founded and had a very rocky start. In today’s episode we look at the immediate aftermath of the Xinhai Revolution and what happened right after Sun Yat-sen handed the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 30 May 2011

In an effort to bring some understanding to the recent proposed call for a resolution to formally acknowledge and express regret for banning Chinese immigration and other violated rights of the Chinese settlers, we examine the history of the Chinese Exclusion Act. The resolution was introduced by L.A.’s very own Rep. Judy Chu, the first continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 14 May 2011

非常抱歉大家! Sorry for the few day delay. In a special collectors edition of the China History Podcast we review the Imperial China overviews of the past eight months. We’ll quickly review the whole period from 2200 BC to 1912. You can now follow the China History Podcast on Twitter @LaszloCHP. Next time I’m late, I continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 46 Minutes 04 May 2011

In this episode we conclude our eight month overview of Chinese Imperial history from Yu the Great of the Xia Dynasty to Puyi of the Qing. After more than half a century of tragedy, upheaval, national humiliation and plenty of mass death and destruction, the Qing dynasty ends in 1912. Now as China takes her continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 25 Apr 2011

This week we look at China during the Tongzhi Era and part of the reign of Guangxu. This period from 1875 to 1895 is more of the same for China. More humiliation at the hands of foreigners. More scrambling to modernize. More imperial skullduggery. More military defeats. By the time of China’s disastrous defeat after continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 18 Apr 2011

We’re almost at the end of our Imperial China History Overview. In this segment of the China History Podcast we look at the continued misfortunes in China during the Xianfeng era, as the country is torn apart by the Taiping and Nian rebellions and revolts in the west. The western powers, following the 2nd Opium continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 41 Minutes 09 Apr 2011

Here we begin the turbulent, bloody and historically humiliating 19th century in China. The first half century sees two emperors, Jiaqing and Daoguang stand by helplessly as China is torn apart by uprisings, anti-Manchu discontent, a financial crisis, opium addiction on a massive scale, foreign invasion and the usual deadly floods and other natural disasters. continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 33 Minutes 31 Mar 2011

In this episode we look at the bittersweet reign of the Qianlong emperor. The longest reigning emperor in Chinese imperial history, the Qianlong era saw the most splendid three decades for the Manchu’s of the Qing Dynasty. China reached its greatest territorial extent and was still the marvel of the world. But during the second continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 20 Minutes 24 Mar 2011

In this episode we examine the Yongzheng emperor, the second of the three great Qing emperors who reigned during the most golden of times for the Manchu dynasty. A tireless emperor who was a wizard at managing the machine of state, he reigned for only thirteen years before his son later brought the Qing dynasty continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 28 Minutes 18 Mar 2011

In this first episode covering the Qing Dynasty we look at the Shunzhi emperor and his son, the Kangxi emperor. The 61 year reign of the Kangxi emperor was the longest in imperial Chinese history. The Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong eras saw the Qing dynasty reach its greatest heights and China was economically the wealthiest continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 42 Minutes 07 Mar 2011

We finish off our overview of the Ming Dynasty in this episode and also trace the rise of the Manchu’s. The period from the Jiajing emperor to the tragic suicide of the Chongzhen emperor saw a slow and steady decline in the fortunes of the Ming dynasty.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 37 Minutes 01 Mar 2011

In today’s episode we look at Ming Dynasty China from the reigns of Xuande to Jiajing. This period in Chinese history was witnessing momentous changes. The dynasty suffers a terrible debacle in 1449. Portugal was becoming a regular visitor and sets up down in Macao. This was also a time when evil self-serving eunuchs spread continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 21 Feb 2011

In this week’s episode we examine the second great emperor of the Ming Dynasty, the Yongle [Yong - Leh] emperor who reigned 1402-1424. This tireless emperor waged campaigns against the Mongols in the north, the Vietnamese in the south and sent sailing expeditions throughout Asia, the subcontinent and the east coast of Africa to engage continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 13 Feb 2011

Laszlo is back, finally, after a longer layoff than expected. This week we look at the end of the Yuan dynasty and the founding of the Ming Dynasty. We look at the first emperor Ming Taizu, a.k.a. The Hongwu Emperor. With the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, once again Chinese are in control of the continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 24 Minutes 02 Feb 2011

This week we take a break from the history to look at the background and the traditions surrounding Chinese New Year. Laszlo will be back next time to pick up where we left off after the fall of the Song Dynasty. On behalf of everyone here at the China History Podcast, we wish everyone a continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 26 Minutes 26 Jan 2011

In this week’s episode Laszlo finishes off the Song Dynasty after the Jin Empire captures the royal family and sacks the capital in Kaifeng. The Song dynasty continues on with the new capital in the south of China, below the Yangzi River. Despite perilous times with hostile neighbors to the north, the dynasty enjoys continued continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 43 Minutes 19 Jan 2011

This week’s episode runs a little longer than usual. In it we examine the Northern Song Dynasty from 960 to 1127. This was a precarious time for China. Despite three potentially menacing non-Han empires surrounding them to the north and west, China once again had another magnificent great leap forward of brilliance and innovation. Together continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 10 Jan 2011

In today’s final installment covering the history of the great Tang Dynasty, we look at its agonizing decline until 907 when it is pushed aside and another period of disunity sets in. Five Dynasties reign in the north, all short lived and not spectacular by any means. In the south, after the Tang falls you continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 27 Minutes 03 Jan 2011

Laszlo is back after a holiday illness to continue where we left off in 705 with the passing of Wu Zetian. After an initial golden age during the Taizong emperor, the Tang will reach new heights of glory under Tang Minghuang a.k.a. the Xuanzong emperor. The magnificent city of Chang’an is once again the center continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 25 Minutes 09 Dec 2010

As the Sui peters out, Li Yuan, the Duke of Tang, seizes power and establishes the Tang Dynasty in 618. Along with the Song, the Tang Dynasty is considered the pinnacle of China’s long history. In culture, art, poetry, painting, ceramics, science, navigation, diplomacy this was a golden age. Buddhism made even greater inroads into continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 20 Minutes 01 Dec 2010

The demise of the Southern & Northern Dynasties brought us a China unified under the Sui emperors Wen and Yang. This ephemeral dynasty laid the groundwork for the splendor of the Tang dynasty. Lasting only 37 years, the Sui Dynasty doesn’t get the limelight enjoyed by the great dynasties of Han, Tang, Song, Ming and continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 24 Nov 2010

The Southern & Northern Dynasties were a collection of dynasties that lasted 170 years and preceded the time of unification under the Sui Dynasty. North of the Yangzi River you had the Northern Wei, the Northern Qi and the Northern Zhou. South of the great river reigned the Liu Song, Southern Qi, the Liang and continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 16 Nov 2010

This week we are back with more Chinese history. We will look at a very confusing but exciting time when there was mostly a period of disunity and China was broken up into contending kingdoms. However this period of chaos brought us some of the richest tales of ancient China filled with amazing battles, events continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 30 Oct 2010

In this final installment of the Han Dynasty overview we look at the reign of Wang Mang during the short lived Xin Dynasty and the Eastern (or Later) Han Dynasty that followed. The Eastern Han was a period of endless skullduggery at the imperial court where the palace eunuchs rose to power and meddled endlessly continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 21 Oct 2010

Today we present the second part of the Western Han Dynasty overview where we will look at the great Han emperors Wendi, Jingdi and perhaps the greatest of them all, Han Wudi. It was a golden age in Chinese history and saw the first indirect contact between the Roman Empire in the west and Han continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 22 Minutes 13 Oct 2010

In this week’s episode we look at only the first few decades of the Western Han Dynasty. The Western Han lasted from 202BC to 8AD. We’ll focus in on the fall of the Qin and the rise of Liu Bang who went on to found the Han Dynasty. Liu Bang would reign as Emperor Gaozu. continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 29 Sep 2010

In this episode we look at the second phase of the Zhou Dynasty. This period was known as the Eastern Zhou. The Eastern Zhou was broken down between the Spring & Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. It lasted from 770 to 221BC. From this chaotic period sprang the great works that defined Chinese continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 19 Minutes 23 Sep 2010

Today we take a 走马看花 look at the 790 year Zhou Dynasty, the longest dynasty in Chinese history. In this episode we will particularly focus on the Western Zhou Period which lasted for 275 years. Next week we will finish the Zhou Dynasty by examining the Eastern Zhou Period.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 15 Sep 2010

This week in part two of our dynasty overview, we examine the Shang Dynasty 1600 BC to 1046 BC. Chinese characters make their appearance for the first time. Artisans cast the most beautiful bronzes. Because of the discovery of archaeological evidence, many consider this China’s first real dynasty.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 17 Minutes 08 Sep 2010

In this episode we commence our Chinese imperial dynasty overview. It begins today with the Xia Dynasty 夏朝代. According to historiographer Sima Qian, this was the first dynasty of China. It’s origins and its demise and everything in between have all come from sources written many centuries later. For this reason and for reasons of continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 15 Minutes 05 Sep 2010

Li Ka-shing is a Hong Kong billionaire tycoon who has played a great role in not only Hong Kong’s prosperity but in China’s as well. He is respected not only for his achievements in business and industry but also for his rise from humble beginnings in Chaozhou, China.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 32 Minutes 19 Aug 2010

Kang Sheng 康生 was a sinister character from modern Chinese history who was both Chairman Mao’s close confidant and creator of China’s Secret Police.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 19 Minutes 01 Aug 2010

February 1972 “The week that changed the world”. We pick up where we left off last week with President Nixon’s historic visit to the PRC.. . .

  Direct Link   Download 30 Minutes 28 Jul 2010

Thirty-eight years ago President Nixon visited Peking, as it was called then, and jump started the normalization of relations between the two great nations of The United States and the People’s Republic of China. This was a story that played out over three years and culminated in one of the great geopolitical media events of continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 16 Minutes 20 Jul 2010

This week we look at the Tang dynasty Empress Wu Zetian, the only woman from Chinese history to rule China as an emperor in her own name. Chinese names used in this episode: Wu Zetian 武则天 The only empress in China to rule in her own name Wu Zhao 武曌 Wu Zetian’s personal name Taiyuan continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 31 Minutes 14 Jul 2010

In this week’s episode we give an overview of the First Opium War, one of the most humiliating events in Modern Chinese history. From this event that culminated in the first of many unequal treaties in 1842, China began a steady downhill slide and suffered a multitude of setbacks and insults from foreign powers eager continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 7 Minutes 06 Jul 2010

In this brief episode of the China History Podcast we examine the four generations of leaders and get acquainted with their names. 1949 to the present day has seen four generations of Chinese leadership going back to Chairman Mao Zedong. We will also look at the fifth generation of leaders who will take their new continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 34 Minutes 30 Jun 2010

The Great Leap Forward ( 大跃进) from 1958-1960 caused death and suffering to dozens of millions of people. It sounded like a workable idea but it didn’t turn out like Chairman Mao hoped. When looking back on the life of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward is always viewed as a black mark against his legacy. I welcome you to listen to the podcast and learn all about what happens when central planning goes awry. TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE Dàyùejìn 大跃进 The Great Leap Forward Rénmín Gōngshè 人民公社 People's Communes Nánníng 南宁 Capital city of Guangxi Province Guǎngxī province 广西 Southern province in China Chéngdū 成都 Capital of Sichuan province Xiàn 县 county Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇 High-ranking government/Party leader, Mao's chief target during Cultural Revolution Tián Jiāyīng 田家英 Secretary to Chairman Mao Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平 Great Chinese leader Zhōu Ēnlái 周恩来 Premier of China 1949-1976 Chén Yūn 陈云 Chinese leader mainly in charge of the economy Chén Yì 陈毅 Chinese military leader and former Shanghai mayor and foreign minister Duō liànhǎo gāng, jiāsù Shèhuìzhûyì jiànshè! 多临钢加速社会主义建设 Make more steel, increase the speed of building Socialism! Shēngchǎn duì 生产队 Production Team Shēngchǎn dàduì 生产大队 Production Brigade nóngmín 农民 peasantry Sānnián dà jīhuǎng 三年大饥荒 Three Year Big Famine Sānnián zìrán zāi hài 三年自然灾害 Three Years of Natural Disasters. Yáng Jìshéng 楊繼繩 Chinese author of the book on the Great Leap "Tombstone" Lúshān Conference 庐山会议 Conference held in July 1959 to discuss the Great Leap Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Civil War hero and first defense minister Sháoshān 韶山 Birthplace of Mao Zedong Jiāngxī province 江西 Province in the southeast Xiāngtán 湘潭 Large city in Hunan Jǐnggāngshān 井冈山 Mountainous area in Jiangxi where Mao set up his first base of operations in the 1930's Tā gǎn shuō huà 他敢说话 he dared to speak up Lín Biāo 林彪 Defense minister after Peng Dehuai. . .

  Direct Link   Download 29 Minutes 24 Jun 2010

Today we look at the Four Great Inventions, the 四大发明, that Lord Francis Bacon hailed as having done more than anything else to transform completely the modern world and mark it off from antiquity and the Middle Ages. The four great inventions were the compass, gunpowder, paper and printing. Terms used in continue reading >>. . .

  Direct Link   Download 203 Minutes 09 Jun 2010

A warm welcome to everyone across the world and thank you for listening to the introductory episode of the China History Podcast. Each week we will bring you a different topic taken from the annals of 5,000 years of Chinese history. We’ll look at the dynasties, historical persons, ancient history, modern history and everything in continue reading >>. . .

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